The Tibet Journal
Autumn Vol. XXIII, No. 3 1998

[Articles] [Review Articles] [Book Reviews] [Contributors]

"'The Supine Demoness' (Srin mo) and The Consolidation of Empire," Robert J. Miller (1923-1994) [Revisions by Beatrice D. Miller], p. 3

"Tseja: Structure and Economy of a Tibetan State Treasury," Paljor Tsarong, p. 23

"The Lifestyle of Nomads," Tawa & Tashi Topgyal Trans. Lobsang Shastri & Vyvyan Cayley, p. 34

"Historical Background of Csoma de Koros's Sojourn in Ladakh (Zanskar) between 1822 and 1826," Bernard Le Calloc'h, p. 50

"Chinese Media Discourses on Tibet: The Language of Inequality," Ashild Kolas, p. 69

Review Articles
Foreigner at the Judge's Feet, Toni Huber, p. 78

Machig Labdron and the Foundations of Chod by Jerome Edou, Adelheid Herrmann-Pfandt, p. 92

Book Reviews
Lamas Princes and Brigands: Joseph Rock's Photographs of the Tibetan Borderlands of China by Michael Aris, David Jackson, p. 103

Kar glin Zi khro: A Tantric Buddhist Concept by Henk Blezer, Dan Martin, p. 106

Chinnamasta: The Aweful Buddhist and Hindu Tantric Goddess by Elisabeth Anne Benard, Giacomella Orofino, p. 114

The Good Heart: A Buddhist Perspective on the Teachings of Jesus by His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Francis V. Tiso, p. 118

The Future Buddha Maitreya. An Iconological Study by Inchang Kim, Erberto Lo Bue, p. 123

Culture and the Politics of Third World Nationalism by Dawa Norbu, Kevin Garratt, p. 127

Consecration of Images & Stupas in Indo-Tibetan Tantric Buddhism by Yael Bentor, Franz-Karl Ehrhard, p. 129

Erdeni-yin tobci: A Mongolian Manuscript from Kentei Ayimay by Sayang Secen, Harry Halen, p. 132

Gold Jewelry from Tibet and Nepal by Jane Casey Singer, Daphne Lange Rosenzweig, p. 133

Kindness, Clarity, and Insight by The Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Riika Virtanen, p. 136

Contributors, p. 137

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Erberto Lo Bue holds a degree in Foreign Language and Literatures (University of Venice 1976) and a PhD in Tibetan Studies (SOAS, University of London 1981) with a thesis on Himalayan sculpture. He established the Aniko Collection of Tibetan and Himalayan art in Geneva in 1972, and since then he has organized 13 exhibitions of Asian art in Switzerland, England and Italy. Most of his publications (around one hundred) are related to Asian studies and in particular to Tibetan art. Since 1997 he has been teaching in Istanbul on behalf of the Italian Foreign Office.

Bernard Le Calloc'h has MA degrees in Art, Law and Oriental Studies. He has been awarded the Csoma de Koros Memorial Medal by the Institute of Buddhology of Budapest for his contribution on the life and works of Csoma de Koros and oriental studies.

Vyvyan Cayley worked as a journalist and book editor, after graduating with a BA (Hons) in English Literature from Exeter University, UK. She is the author of Children of Tibet: An Oral History of the First Tibetans to Grow Up in Exile (Pearlfisher Publications, Sydney, 1994) and has spent a total of five years working and studying in Dharamsala (i.e. 1992-97).

Franz-Karl Ehrhard, Wissenschaftlicher Angestellter at Munster University, received his MA and PhD degrees in Tibetology from Hamburg University and he was the Resident Representative of the Nepal Research Centre and the Nepal-German Manuscript Preservation Project in Kathmandu from 1988 to 1993.

Kevin Garratt is a lawyer and holds a Litt. B in Sanskrit and Tibetan studies from the Australian National University and he was a member of the Australian Government Human Rights Delegations to China, 1991 and 1992. His publications include various articles on human rights and migration issues.

Harry Halen, a research scholar in Central Asian and Buddhist studies, is the Department Secretary at the Department of Asian and African Studies, University of Helsinki.

Toni Huber, Alexander von Humboldt fellow in Tibetan Studies at the Humboldt University, Berlin, is the author of The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain. Popular Pilgrimage & Visionary Landscape in Southeast Tibet (New York, Oxford University Press, 1998) and also of numerous articles on aspects of Tibetan religions and society. Major works in progress include books on Tibetan hunting culture, Amdo Gendun Chomphel's modern guide-book to Buddhist India, and an edited volume of essays on conceptions of space and place in Tibetan religions (forthcoming, LTWA Publications).

David Jackson is Professor of Tibetan at Hamburg University. He has a long standing interest in the art and culture of Tibet, and has published several studies on Tibetan painting and related subjects. His latest publication includes, A History of Tibetan Painting, Verlag der 0sterreichisich Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 1996.


Ashild Kolas holds an MA degree in Social Anthropology from the University of Oslo, Norway, where she has also studied mass communication and development studies.

Dan Martin, Associate Researcher at the Department of Indian Studies (the Hebrew University at Jerusalem), had completed his doctoral degree in Tibetan Studies with minors in Religious Studies and Anthropology at the Department of Uralic and Altaic Studies (now renamed the Department of Central Eurasian Studies) at Indiana University in 1991 and has taught as a Visiting Lecturer at Indiana University and Harvard University. His publications include a recent book, Tibetan Histories: A bibliography of Tibetan-Language Historical Works, Serindia Publications (London 1997). His main areas of research are the history of the Bon religion and of Tibetan sectarian relations, as well as general cultural studies, from the tenth century to the present day.

Robert J. Miller (1923-1994) received his AB degree in Oriental Civilizations in 1948 (the University of Michigan) and his PhD in Anthropology in 1955 from the University of Washington, where he taught in St. Louis, Missouri. For the next 30 years, he was on the faculty of the department of South Asian Studies and of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin. Twice he was elected chair person of the Anthropology Department. His dissertation was published as Monasteries and Culture Change in Inner Mongolia (Asiatische Forshungen, Vol.2,1959). He edited the Religious Ferment in Asia, U. of Kansas Press, (Studies on Asia, Second Series, Vol.2, 1969) 1974. His publications include books on anthropological topics and numerous scholarly articles. Professor Robert J. Miller and his wife Beatrice D. Miller spent many years doing field work in Darjeeling, Sakyong-Pedong, Kalimpong, Dalhousie, Mussoorie, Dharamsala, and in the former kingdom of Sikkim, the states of Karnataka, Maharastra, and in Delhi.

Beatrice D. Miller received her AB (with distinction) in Oriental Civilizations from the University of Michigan in June 1948 and her PhD in Anthropology from University of Washington in 1958 (Lama and Laymen: An historico-functional study of the secular integration of Monastery and Community, L.C. Card #Mic.-58-3286). Her publications include numerous scholarly articles.

Giacomella Orofino is Associate Professor of Tibetan Literature at the Oriental University of Naples and Ordinary Member of Is.IAO (Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente, ex-Is.MEO) of Rome. Her publications include, Sekoddesa. A Critical Edition of the Tibetan Translations (1994), Naropa, Iniziazione Kalacakra (co-author, 1994), Ma gcig Lab sgron, Canti Spirituali (1995), and several scholarly articles on Tibetan religious literature.

Adelheid Herrmann-Pfandt (PhD, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat, Bonn) is currently teaching Buddhist Studies, Pali, and Women's Studies in Religion at the Universities of Bremen and Marburg. She is the author of a book on Dakinis and the role of feminity in Tantric Buddhism and several articles on the subjects such as women and goddesses in Buddhism and Hinduism, Buddhist philosophy and modem Western Buddhism. Presently, she is doing research on


early Buddhist Tantric literature and early Tibetan translations (especially problems of dating texts); also, the Cakrasamvara-tantra, the history and significance of Indian Tantric pilgrimage places, and women in Pali Buddhism.

Daphne Lange Rosenzweig received her degrees from Mount Holyoke College and Columbia University, specializing in East Asian art and languages. After two years in Taiwan at the National Palace Museum on a Fulbright Fellowship, she taught at several universities and is currently a faculty member of the Liberal Arts Program at the Ringling School of Art and Design in Sarasota, Florida. She is a member of many learned societies, organizer of museum exhibitions, and author of numerous articles, exhibition catalogues and books, all in the field of Asian art.

Lobsang Shastri, the Librarian of the Tibetan Manuscript Library, LTWA, has compiled three departmental catalogues: the, Second (in 1990), the Third (in 1993) and the Fourth (in 1995). His. other publications include, "The Importance of Tibetan Literature for Understanding Indian Culture," (the Tibet Journal, Vol.14, No.3, pp.47-54), "The Marriage Customs of the Ru-thok" (Proceedings of the 6th IATS, Fergernes, Norway, 1991) and "The Religious Council of the Fire-Dragon Year, 1076 AD," (Proceedings of the 7th IATS Conference, Graz, Austria, 1995) and "Relation between Successive Dalai Lamas and the mNga' ris skor gsum: a note" (forthcoming in the proceedings of the 8th IATS Conference).

Tawa and Tashi Topgyal are research scholars in Tibet.

Francis V. Tiso holds a PhD from Columbia University and Union Theological Seminary in Buddhist Studies, with a dissertation on early versions of the biography of He is a Canon of the Cathedral of St. Peter (Isernia, Italy), and Director of the ancient Shrine-Hermitage of Saints Cosmas and Damian, and is well-known for retreat programmes, spiritual conferences and spiritual direction throughout Italy. Presently, he is based at St. Bernet Church, California, USA, from where he continues his research into Tibetan biography.

Paljor Tsarong received his PhD in Anthropology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1987. During various periods from 1989 to 1996, he was Senior Research Associate and Visiting Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland. He is presently an independent scholar.

Riika Virtanen, an MA student of Tibetan studies from the University of Copenhagen, has been studying Tibetan language and culture at the LTWA, Dharamsala, since 1990. Her special fields of interest are modem Tibetan literature and traditional grammatical treatises. She is working on an anthology of translations of stories by modem Tibetan writers, such as Don grub rgyal and others. Also, she has been assisting the LTWA in editing the Tibet Journal since 1996.

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