The Tibet Journal
Winter 2005 & Spring 2006, vol. XXX, No. 4 & vol. XXXI, No. 1

[Articles] [Book Reviews] [Contributors]


"sMan and Glud: Standard Tibetan Medicine and Ritual Medicine in a Bon Medical School and Clinic in Nepal," Colin Millard, p. 3

"Tibetan Medicine in Gyalthang," Denise M. Glover, p. 31

"Hybrid Methodologies in the Lhasa Mentsikhang: A Summary of Resources for Teaching about Tibetan Medicine," Frances Garrett, p. 55

"Plant categories and types in Tibetan materia medial," Alessandro Boesi, p. 65

"Principles and methods of assembling Tibetan medicaments," Francesca Cardi, p. 91

"Nyes pa: A brief review of its English translation," Yonten Gyatso, p. 109

"An excellent measure": the battle against smallpox in Tibet, 1904-47," Alex McKay, p. 119"Zurkharwa Lodro Gyalpo (1 5 09-1 5 79) on the Controversy of the Indian Origin of the rGyud bzhi," Olaf Czaja, p. 131

"A Hitherto Unknown 'Medical History' of mTsho smad mkhan chen (b.1 6th cent.)," Olaf Czaja, p. 153

Book Reviews

Mahayanasutralamkara, The Universal Vehicle Discourse Literature edited by Prof. Robert Thurman
reviewed by Prof. Parmananda Sharma, p. 173

Britain and Tibet 1765-1947: A select annotated bibliography of British relations with Tibet and the Himalayan states including Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan by Julie G. Marshall
reviewed by Alex Mckay, p. 174

Exile as Challenge: The Tibetan Diaspora by Bernstorff, Dagmar and Hubertus von Welck (eds.)
Feminism, Nationalism and Exiled Tibetan Women by Alex Butler
reviewed by Geoff Childs, p. 174

The Autobiography of famgOn Kongtrul: A Gem of Many Colors translated by Richard Barron
reveiwed by Martin A. Mills, p. 179

The Practice of Dzogchen by Longchen Rabjam translated by Tulku Thondup
reviewed by Georgios Halkias, p. 181

The Life of Buddhism by Frank E. Reynolds and Jason A. Carbine (eds.)
The Power of Denial-Buddhism, Purity and Gender by Bernard Faure
reviewed by D.R. Chaudhry, p. 184


Heinrich Hamer (1912 - 2006)p. 189
Henry George Baker (1918 - 2006), Roger Croston, p. 193

Contributors p. 197

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Alessandro Boesi, graduated in biology (1992), has worked for the pharmaceutical industry in India, Nepal, and China (1994-1997). In 2004 he obtained the Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology at the Universite de la Mediterranee (Marseille, France). His thesis is titled "Le savoir botanique des Tibetains: conception, classification et exploitation des plantes sauvages". Alessandro has conducted fieldwork in Ladakh (India), Nepal and Tibet (China) focusing on Tibetan ethnobotany and the materia medica of Tibetan medicine. He is affiliated to Shangdril (, a research centre at the Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano (Italy) and works as lecturer for Italian Universities.

Alex McKay is a research fellow in Indo-Tibetan history at the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London, and an affiliated fellow at the International Institute for Asian Studies in Leiden, The Netherlands. He is the author of Tibet and the British Raj: The frontier cadre 1904-1947 (Curzon 1997) and the editor of the 3-volume History of Tibet (RoutledgeCurzon 2003).

Colin Millard received his PhD, entitled 'Learning Processes in a Tibetan medical school', from the anthropology department of Edinburgh University in 2002. He has carried out research on traditional medical practice in India and Nepal. His present research concerns are Tibetan medical practice and ritual, the Bon religion of Tibet, and complementary and alternative medicines in the UK.

Denise M. Glover holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Washington (Seattle, WA, USA), where she is currently a Lecturer in the Department of Anthropology. She conducted dissertation research in rGyal thang, southern Khams, in 1999, 2001, and 2002. Her dissertation, titled Up From the Roots: Contextualizing Medicinal Plant Classifications by Tibetan Doctors in Rgyalthang, PRC (2005), examines plant classifications as well as the social and cultural milieu in which they occur. She currently resides outside of Seattle, WA with her children August and Saveria, a small flock of parrots, a restless cat, and her husband, Glen Avantaggio.

D.R. Chaudry is a well-known columnist and reviewer in the Indian media world. He retired as a Reader at the Dyal Singh College of Delhi University. He has published several articles and over 100 reviews and review articles in the leading English national dailies, including Times of India and The Tribune. Also he has three books in his credit, the latest being Education and Social Change, Radhakrishan Publications, Delhi, 2000.

Francesca Cardi has a degree in Biology (Univ. Statale Milano, Italy, 1993) and a Ph.D. in Anthropology (Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France, 2004). For the last ten years she has carried out extensive research in several Tibetan regions focusing on Tibetan pharmacopoeia, medicament production and the practice of traditional doctors. She is member of the research centre Shangdril (Italy), collaborates with some Italian universities and institutions such as Universite di Pavia and Museo di Etnomedicina di Genova, with scientific publishers and pharmaceutical companies.

Frances Garrett is Assistant Professor of Buddhist Studies at the University of Toronto. Her research focuses on Tibetan religious history and its relations with


other forms of Tibetan intellectual and literary culture, such as medicine.

Geoff Childs is an assistant professor of anthropology and environmental studies at Washington University in St. Louis. He is the author of Tibetan Diary: From Birth to Death and Beyond in a Himalayan Valley of Nepal (2004, University of California Press) as well as several articles on demography, history, and culture in Tibetan societies. His current research centers on aging and inter-generational relations in Tibet.

Georgios Halkias is currently working on his D.Phil. at the Oriental Institute, Oxford University. His areas of research interest include Tibetan Buddhism, Tibetan history & culture, and contemporary Tibetan developments.

Martin A. Mills is a social anthropologist specialising in religious and ritual traditions, his research interests being born of extensive fieldwork amongst the Tibetan Buddhist communities of Ladakh and Zangskar Regions and the Tibetan refugee communities of India and Nepal. His first major monograph, Identity, Ritual and State in Tibetan Buddhism: the Foundations of Religious Authority in the Gelukpa Order, has been published by Curzon Press. He is presently working on a second monograph, on the transformation and globalisation of the Dalai Lama's theocracy brought on by the Tibetan.diaspora of 1959.

Olaf Czaja is a PhD candidate at the Leipzig University/Germany. His main interest are Tibetan history, medicine and art.

Yonten Gyatso is a Tibetan traditional doctor and an independent researcher living in Chicago. He studied Tibetan medicine at the Tibetan Medical and Astrological Institute (TMAI), Dhramsala, India, and graduated in 1987. He served at the institute's research department for many years before becoming an independent researcher. His main interest is in classical Tibetan medical literature, Tibetan pharmacology and translation. His most important work is the development of a modem herbarium at the TMAI's plant research section and he has done extensive field study in Nepal and Indian Himalayas. He can be contacted at

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