------------------------------------------------------------------- DAWN WIRE SERVICE ------------------------------------------------------------------- Week Ending : 02 May 1998 Issue : 04/18 -------------------------------------------------------------------

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NATIONAL NEWS F-16 deal seen before Clinton's visit LB polls on census-based voters lists, orders LHC Smuggling of zero-duty goods detected Pakistani, Saudi ties to grow: Prince PAF carries out missile-firing exercise PM orders PIA to close routes giving no profit Cases against all MQM legislators withdrawn SBP warns Balochistan, Sindh over borrowings Pakistan warns of appropriate response --------------------------------- BUSINESS & ECONOMY Pakistan, China sign MoU Revenue targets to be raised by 15pc No additional taxes planned, says Shahid Rupee gains 31 paisa against $ CBR may seek Rs17bn cut in tax collection target Kickbacks detected in IPPs deals, says PM $5bn worth loans added to debt stock in a year Contracts for cotton exports cancelled Stocks finish with extended fall of 15.54 points --------------------------------------- EDITORIALS & FEATURES Storming of the Supreme Court - 4 Ardeshir Cowasjee Who's paying the bills? Irfan Husain Ghauri won't rock the region General Mirza Aslam Beg An unaccountable process Rifaat Hamid Ghani ----------- SPORTS Pakistan, NZ in double wicket final --- "Pakistan win" XXVII NATIONAL GAMES GRIND TO A CONCLUSION Farhan downs Yousuf 8-2 in Classic snooker final The demoralising 90-day African safari

NATIONAL NEWS 980429 ------------------------------------------------------------------- F-16 deal seen before Clinton's visit ------------------------------------------------------------------- Shaheen Sehbai WASHINGTON, April 28: United States and Pakistan are negotiating a package deal to resolve the F-16 issue before President Clinton's Islamabad visit and top Congressional leaders have expressed support for some of the proposals. Details of the various ideas and options that are being discussed were obtained by Dawn on Tuesday which, surprisingly, contain a proposal to actually return the F-16 fighter planes to Pakistan, something which has evoked strong congressional opposition. A State Department official, who normally responds to all media queries regarding South Asia, said various options were being discussed by the US government to resolve the F-16 issue and they ranged from "some not so practical to others fairly do-able." These options, according to documents obtained by Dawn include writing off Pakistan's PL-480 debt by US, restoration of the USAID programme, waiving the storage charges that Pakistan is being forced to pay for the parked F-16 aircraft, restoration of the IMET military-to-military exchange programme, helping Pakistan to overcome some of its domestic problems such as population planning and democracy-building measures and encouraging Pakistan to meet its internal, rather than external, threats as they pose the maximum danger to the country. President Clinton's leading Muslim and Pakistani campaign fund donor, a New York business tycoon, has also suggested to the president that Pakistan should be allowed to upgrade its existing F-16 aircraft in Turkey, instead of delivering the obsolete models for which Pakistan made the payments of $658 million. In his letter to Albright, Hamilton also discusses the pros and cons of the other proposals that are under consideration to resolve the issues between the two countries and specifically argues that "it may not be possible to have a successful presidential trip to Pakistan if we have not made any progress in addressing the F-16 issue." He states that if three years after President Clinton noted the unfairness of the US refusal to deliver the F-16s or refund the money, no progress is made in resolving the issue, "this will cast a cloud over the president's trip to Pakistan and preclude the resumption of anything approaching a normal relationship between the two countries." Mr Hamilton is also worried about the Pakistani decision to take the US to court and has told the secretary of state that "this would naturally diminish the likelihood of a successful presidential visit and otherwise damage US-Pakistan relations." According to the letter, Mr Hamilton understands that "there is some talk about the possibility of using a waiver to permit the Clinton administration to transfer the F-16s to Pakistan, notwithstanding the Pressler Amendment." Observers noted that Mr Hamilton's letter had actually revealed that the possibility of delivery of the planes to Pakistan was being discussed in some circles although it is clear that it would almost be impossible to get an approval from the Congress for this proposal. About the idea of writing off Pakistan's PL-480 debt and other foreign debts, Mr Hamilton told the secretary of state it was an idea worth exploring. He also raises the possibility of restoration of aid to Pakistan by re-starting the USAID programme by linking it to the return of the Pakistani money. "I am told that at least some legal experts believe that a number of US programmes and sales would have to be shut down as soon as Pakistan files the suit," he says. "If this is correct, Pakistan should be made aware of this at the earliest possible date to ensure that Pakistan understands fully that bringing a suit against the US will adversely impact on its own interests," Mr Hamilton suggested. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980501 ------------------------------------------------------------------- LB polls on census-based voters lists, orders LHC ------------------------------------------------------------------- Shujaat Ali Khan LAHORE, April 30: Justice Falak Sher of the Lahore High Court effectively stayed local councils elections in the Punjab on Thursday afternoon when he accepted Tehrik-i-Insaaf leader Imran Khan's petition that they be held on the basis of the March census. Advocate-General Khwaja Mohammad Sharif and Deputy Attorney- General Khwaja Saeeduz Zafar, who earlier vehemently contested the arguments of advocate Hamid Khan, the petitioner's counsel, said both the federal and provincial governments will challenge the order by an intra-court appeal. Meanwhile, two other petitions challenging the validity of the nominated Panchayat tier in the local government and ban on political parties from participating in the May 20 polls are pending decision by Justice Amir Alam Khan after conclusion of arguments. Yet another petition for postponement of the poll until after the Chehlum of Imam Husain (AS) is being heard by a division bench. The Local Councils Election Authority, which is headed by Justice Malik Muhammad Qayyum of the high court, is proceeding apace with the poll schedule and disposed of appeals against rejection and acceptance of nomination papers on Thursday. Justice Falak Sher, who is the LHC's senior puisne judge occasionally seized of constitutional petitions, accepted the law officers' plea that an electoral process once commenced should be allowed to take its course as held by the Supreme Court in the 1988 National Assembly dissolution case and some other cases. He observed that he was not staying the election but only allowing a petition praying that they be held on the basis of the last preceding census as required by the law. The judge had asked the law officers on the last date to find out from the authorities concerned whether the election could be held as scheduled on the basis of census results. He said he would not hear the stay application separately but would proceed with the main petition on the next date, that is, April 30. Allowing the petition on Thursday, Justice Falak Sher observed that the latest population figures were required not only for more accurate electoral rolls or voters lists, delimitation of constituencies and status of urban municipalities but also for an efficient working of local government or 'grassroots democracy'. No public amenity or utility or welfare plan can properly function in the absence of correct demographic data. He, however, made it clear that the controversy in the present petition was confined to voters lists. The census figures, the judge observed, must by now have reached the district headquarters and other administrative units and the voters lists of February 1997 general election, which were originally prepared on the basis of the 1981 census, can be updated by comparison with them. The federal and provincial law officers had earlier stated that it may take nearly a year to compile and publish the census results. Advocate Hamid Khan said the government cannot be allowed to take advantage of its own 'inefficiency' in delaying the publication of a census report. The judge pointed out that the census was held after a long interval of 17 years and was probably made possible by the induction of the army in the process of head count. When the DAG, in response to a court query, submitted that 19,506,855 (or 35.42 per cent) of the total of 56,615,667 registered voters exercised their franchise in the February 1997 general election, the judge observed that, according to Press reports, similar claims were made about a referendum held in 1985. The law officers, earlier, argued that the updating of voters lists is an ongoing process and annual revisions are conducted as required by the law and the Constitution. A wholesale revision was undertaken in 1995. Besides, there is no nexus between the census and the preparation of electoral rolls. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980429 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Smuggling of zero-duty goods detected ------------------------------------------------------------------- Correspondent ISLAMABAD, April 28: The federal government agencies have detected that high-tariff items, carrying import duty between 40 and 45 per cent, are being smuggled as consignments enjoying zero tariff, under the Afghan Transit Trade Agreement. The items now top those put at the highest tariff slab in the 1997- 98 federal budget which retained the import duty of a number of items at 45 per cent. The high import duty was levied to discourage import of these items in order to protect local industry. Now, however, ministry of commerce officials are listing those as items imported through Karachi port by unscrupulous importers who transport the items to Afghanistan enjoying ATTA facility only to smuggle those back into Pakistan. Important items on which 45 per cent import duty was retained in the 1997-98 budget included aspirin, paracetamol, tubes for bicycles, and a wide range of household goods. Items carrying less import duty but are being smuggled under ATTA are over 200 in number. Commerce ministry officials are preparing a list of items that are to be brought into the notice of preventive staff to check their smuggling. Some of the items are natural gums, resins, gum-resins and oleoresins (import duty on only related items reduced to 35%); fats of bovine animals, sheep or goats; chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa (only chocolate chips kept at 35%); culture yeasts and seed yeast (raised from 35% to 45%); natural magnesium carbonate (only one new item, magnesium oxide added at 15%); sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, peroxides of sodium or potassium (only two items, caustic potash and peroxide of sodium or potassium reduced to 15%); disodium sulphate; formic acid; ibprofen (a new item); aspirin; paracetamol; penicillin; adhesive dressing and other articles having an adhesive layer, and the related items (newly added); pigments and preparations based on cadmium compounds; lithophone (and related); stamping foils; dyes or colouring matter suitable for used in food or drink, or otherwise, and the related items; the entire range of essential oils, including concrete and absolutes, resinoids, extracted oleoresins, concentrate of essential oils in fats, in fixed oils, in waxes or the like, obtained by enfleurage or mexeration, terpenic by- products of the deterpenation of essential oils, aqueous distillates and aqueous. The new pneumatic tyres of rubber used for bicycles and pneumatic (retarded or used) tyres (not aircraft) have also been retained at 40% import duty. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980428 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pakistani, Saudi ties to grow: Prince ------------------------------------------------------------------- Correspondent ISLAMABAD, April 27: Governor of Riyadh, Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud, said here on Monday that relations between Saudi Arabia and Pakistan would strengthen further in the future. Talking to interior minister, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, at the airport, the prince said he hoped that his visit to Pakistan would further expand the relations that existed between the two brotherly countries. Prince Salman said he had brought with him good wishes from King Fahd and Crown Prince Abdullah for the people of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980428 ------------------------------------------------------------------- PAF carries out missile-firing exercise ------------------------------------------------------------------- Correspondent ISLAMABAD, April 27: The Pakistan Air Force carried out a missile- firing exercise here on Monday at an operational firing range. Different types of aircraft and various air defence squadrons of the PAF participated in the event. Several types of air-to-air and surface-to-air missiles in the PAF's inventory, including the indigenously developed ANZA missile, were launched during the exercise. The Chief of the Air Staff, Air Marshal Parvaiz Mehdi Qureshi, praised the standards of accuracy achieved in the exercise. The air chief congratulated the technicians and operating crew for their skill in maintaining the missiles as well as achieving optimum scores. The firing practice with live ammunition is an important feature in PAF's regular training to keep itself in a high state of operational readiness. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980428 ------------------------------------------------------------------- PM orders PIA to close routes giving no profit ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter LAHORE, April 27: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Monday directed PIA to close down unprofitable routes and use the money saved to buy more planes for its fleet, improve passenger service and compete with the foreign airlines. He said the government would not provide any protection or subsidy to the airline nor had the resources to do so, and it would like it to establish its excellence through competition. Mr Sharif expressed these views while inaugurating the construction of a Rs 10.32 billion new terminal complex of the Lahore airport which will take 27 months to complete. The original cost of the project was Rs 13 billion which, according to an official, has been reduced through negotiations. The foundation stone of the project was laid by Ms Benazir Bhutto as prime minister in 1996. However, the project could not take off because no contract was given to any company. The prime minister said he was providing a level playing field to PIA and private sector airlines in the hope that the former would try to leave its rivals behind by providing better service and facilities to its customers. He said the PIA should not be afraid of competition as it would automatically be the first choice of passengers if it provided them with better facilities. Mr Sharif said survival through competition would be long lasting while protection and subsidies were no longer regarded as genuine business methods. In the 21st century, he said, PIA should try to run on its own, without expecting 'crutches' to be provided by the government. He regretted that at present PIA's business was going to other airlines because the national carrier was not providing quality service. Mr Sharif said his government would encourage private and foreign airlines to operate in Pakistan and would give them all possible facilities. The PML government, the prime minister said, was modernizing the communications sector which played a vital role in the development of a country. Mian Nawaz Sharif was of the view that Pakistan could earn foreign exchange by promoting tourism and tourism required airports in all parts of the country. Maintaining that the Lahore airport would now be among the most modern airports, he said funds allocated for the new terminal should be used judiciously. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980501 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Cases against all MQM legislators withdrawn ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter KARACHI, April 30: All cases against the Muttahida Qaumi Movement legislators have been withdrawn. This was announced by the Sindh Chief Minister Liaquat Jatoi on Thursday night. Winding up the two-day debate on law and order situation in the Sindh Assembly, he said although none of his coalition partners had ever asked him to do so, going through the files he had found all the cases as unfounded and baseless. "My friends sitting on the other side do not consider them Pakistani, forgetting their sacrifices for Pakistan. They are as much Pakistani as any of us." Thursday was the second day of the debate spread over seven- and- half hours in which the House witnessed a congenial atmosphere. While Liaquat Ali Jatoi pleaded the case of MQM legislators, the MQM speakers, particularly Dr Farooq Sattar and Qazi Khalid made stunning speeches blunting the attack of PPP leaders, who tried their best to play up their differences. Liaquat Jatoi said although the situation was not satisfactory, it far better than what he had inherited. The opposition failed to make concrete suggestion for improving the law and order situation, he said. Referring to the reasons which led to the prevailing condition, the chief minister said unemployment and denial of denial of rights to the people had caused frustration. The Nawaz government, he said, was pursuing a policy that would enable even the children of poor people to rise to the office of the chief minister. He said peace and tranquillity could not be restored through extra- judicial killings. For peace, the walls of hatred will have to be demolished. Former Chief Minister Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah and SNF leader Amir Bakhsh Bhutto delivered emotional speeches referring to Murtaza Bhutto's brutal murder at a time when his sister was in power. Sher Mohammad Baloch of PPP and Minister Naseer Ahmad Khoso's speeches were philosophical, highlighting general aspects of the law and order situation. Others who spoke from the treasury benches were Michael Javed, Farooq Awan, S. Mohiuddin, Ismail Rahoo and Jalal Mahmood Shah. Leader of opposition Nisar Khuhro, Syed Ghulam Shah, Dr Wahid Soomro, Dr Sohrab Sarki and Abdul Ghafoor Nizamani presented the opposition's viewpoint on the subject. KHUHRO FLAYS: Mr Khuhro called upon all political parties to declare a Jihad against terrorist groups, stop inter-provincial movement of illicit weapons, and build moral pressure against those who were acting in a manner detrimental to the national interest. The PPP leader demanded that those involved in serious crime should be immediately arrested and their cases should be disposed of as soon as possible. He said that during 1997, 687 men, 104 women, 21 children, and 44 policemen were killed in the city. He alleged that those who were being set free by the government were involved in acts of terrorism and heinous crime. He also demanded that honest officials should be encouraged and that a non-partisan committee should be constituted to find out whether or not allotment of 66 plots was authorized by the chief minister or through fraudulent means. Mr Khuhro launched a hard hitting attack on the coalition government in Sindh and held them responsible for the killings of Americans and Iranians, religious scholars, besides murder of innocent people including educationists, journalists and government officials. Mr Khuhro expressed concern over rising graph of crime in the city, which he said, had been caused by an unprecedented proliferation of illegal weapons. Mr Khuhro also referred to incidents of car snatching and in this context cited CPLC reports. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980427 ------------------------------------------------------------------- SBP warns Balochistan, Sindh over borrowings ------------------------------------------------------------------- Shamim-ur-Rahman KARACHI, April 26: The State Bank on Sunday expressed concern over excessive borrowing from the SBP by the provinces of Sindh and Balochistan and urged them to voluntarily reduce their debtor balance within a stipulated time. The concern was expressed by the bank's board of directors at a meeting under State Bank's Governor Dr Mohammad Yakub to review recent economic and financial developments. The board directed the SBP governor to urge the two provinces to enforce financial discipline. The directors' alarm came in the wake of reports that the centre had declined Sindh's demand for an extra 300 million rupees for maintaining law and order. Various development projects in the province have stalled owing to resource constraint and the provincial government has decided to sell off some of the prize land in the city and elsewhere for generating funds to pay back debts and complete some of the development projects in communications, education and health. The Sindh government has been advocating that its debts have increased owing to huge expenses on the maintenance of law and order. The SBP governor was also directed to ensure that aggregate government borrowing for budgetary support, which had so far remained "well below" the Credit Plan target, did not exceed Rs 58 billion at any time during the year. The board directed the governor to ensure a "judicious balance" between adequate credit availability for productive activities in the private sector and maintenance of credit discipline to avoid refuelling inflation. The SBP board was also informed that Pakistan's exports had grown by 4.6 per cent during the period July '97-March '98, substantially below the target for the year. The board noted that export performance might have been better but for adverse effects of the Asian financial crisis. However, the board noted that a slower export growth was more than offset by a sharper decline of 11.5 per cent in imports with the result that the trade gap narrowed from US dollar 2.6 billion in July 1996-March 97 to $1.3 billion in July 97-March 98. A reduction in trade deficit, combined with increased remittances and foreign currency deposits of residents, led to a significant improvement in the current account of the balance of payments. The SBP board was of a view that improved current account position and increased inflow of long-term external financing enabled the country to meet all its external obligations and also led to the strengthening of foreign exchange reserves, which increased to 1.4 billion dollars on April 24. This was attributed to a "prudent demand management" policy that had also helped bring down inflation and improve the current account balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves. At the outset the SBP governor reviewed the recent economic and financial developments and in particular, informed the board that there were signs of an improvement in macroeconomic indicators. The meeting was chaired by State Bank governor Dr Mohammad Yakub. Those who attended the deliberations were Mr Mueeen Afzal, Mr Sadiq Sayeed Khan, Mr Tariq Sayeed Saigol, Syed Mohammad Mohsin, Mr S.R.Poonegar, Mr Abdullah J. Memon and Mr Usman Yahya. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980426 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pakistan warns of appropriate response ------------------------------------------------------------------- Hasan Akhtar ISLAMABAD, April 25: Pakistan said on Saturday that India was taking escalatory steps towards overt nuclearization and warned that Islamabad would respond by taking appropriate measures to ensure its security. Foreign Office spokesman Tariq Altaf, referring to the reported statement of Indian foreign policy adviser Nagendra Nath Jha on Friday that India might induct nuclear weapons into its arsenal without conducting test, said the latest statement was an acknowledgement by India of its clandestine possession of nuclear weapons that "it now intends to bring out from the basement." He said "induction connotes deployment" and this was apt to shatter the prospects of promoting non-proliferation in South Asia. Jha, who also heads the foreign affairs committee of the BJP government, had said during a lecture in Colombo on Friday that it was possible to induct nuclear weapons without testing them and it was one way of circumventing the US law (on nuclear testing) and evading sanctions. The spokesman said declaration by Jha revealed the "very dangerous gradual escalatory approach" of the Indian government. Mr Altaf said the Bhartiya Janata Party government was trying to carry out its resolve of exercising the option to induct nuclear weapons and urged the international community to take serious notice of the alarming developments in the region. He said Pakistan could not remain unconcerned over the developments and would take all appropriate steps to ensure its security. Spokesman Tariq Altaf stressed that Jha's statement should not be seen in isolation, particularly, since the ruling BJP had made known its policy regarding nuclear weapons. Political observers and analysts note that the Indian missile plan and nuclear developments which pushed Pakistan into adopting counter measures had put the two of the world's most populous and poorest nations on a self-defeating course of military confrontation with most horrifying prospects, unless restrained by political wisdom.

BUSINESS & ECONOMY 980426 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pakistan, China sign MoU ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ihtashamul Haque ISLAMABAD, April 25: Pakistan and China have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for jointly producing and marketing various machine tools in the local market. According to the officials of the Ministry of Production and the Industries M/S Shenyang Machine Tool Company Limited (PMTF) and the Machine Tool Factory Karachi have signed a MoU that will meet the demand of high precision lathe machine, low cost CNC machines and machine tools in Pakistan. These machines tools could also be exported to the neighbouring countries. The MoU envisages that a joint venture company will be established in Karachi. During the initial phase, the joint venture company will manufacture and market products like precision lathe machine series-CA 140 and CNC lathes series CAK 6150, radial drilling machines and milling and boring machines. For the purpose, SMTCL will provide know-how such as product drawings, manufacturing process and technology assembly instructions, instruments enabling the joint venture company to localise most parts of SMTCL products as per approved deletion programme. Messrs Shenyang Machine Tool Company Limited of China, is one of the largest industrial enterprise for the manufacturing of machine tools and has been selected as one of the 100 national pilot entities of China for experimenting the modern enterprise system. The products of the company include a variety of 300 different types and 1000 different specs of CNC lathes, CNC boring and milling machines, machining centres, CNC systems, universal lathes, drilling and boring machines. The company enjoys the independent right for import and export of its products covering more than 80 overseas countries. Similarly, Pakistan Machine Tool Factory is one of the precision engineering facilities, established in 1969 with collaboration of Messrs OERLIKON of Switzerland. Today, PMTF manufactures milling machines, centre/turret lathes, copy milling and boring machines, automotive parts such as gear boxes, transfer cases, axles, steering/timing gears etc. The unit also produces non-fetous die castings. It has adequate facilities for tool making and tool designing. Engineering department of the company offers consultancy and technical services for setting up of training institutes and engineering workshops. Within a short span of time, PMTF has developed enough capability to enter into-high-tech areas. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980429 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Revenue targets to be raised by 15pc ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ikram Hoti ISLAMABAD, April 28: The budget of 1998-99 is expected to set targets of revenue and income generation at least 15 per cent (aggregate) higher than those set for the financial year 1997-98, official sources said. The inflow of money is needed to be increased by 15 per cent in 1998-99, and not by 10 per cent, as projected for 1997-98. The 1997-98 estimates for resource generation and spending have proved optimistic. The spending during the last three quarters of the current fiscal year having gone beyond the estimates by at least 8 per cent (over and above the in-built care for inflation), while the resources proved on the down side by at least 7 per cent, indicating a gap of at least Rs70 billion (over and above the ceiling set for the borrowing). The 12-month overall 1997-98 resource-spending gap, now being estimated to be no less than that of Rs125 billion. The government efforts to cut down the spending on the development and establishment sides "are not expected to impact the spending by even 1 per cent", said a senior official. The exercise, currently being carried out for the preparation of the next year's federal budget, is marred by striking backlogs on meeting the allocation commitments for the current financial year, and the government's worries about the resource crunch being estimated to appear in the next year's fiscal projections. Sources said that the carry forward impact of the gap will be the most important aspect of the 1998-99 budget, and the adjustments for resource-spending estimations now being carried out exclusively focus on this issue. In line with this exercise, the federal government divisions/departments have been asked to furnish latest by May 10 the revised expenditure estimates for the last financial quarter of the current and new estimates for the 1998-99 financial year. These estimates are to be submitted for helping the ministry of finance in its ongoing first round of processing the projections of spending during the next financial year by the federal departments/divisions and attached departments/organizations. The first round is scheduled to end by May 15, during which the demands for grant would be finalized, while the second round, by June 1, 1998, would see efforts for setting the estimates of revenue/income of the federal existing resources, and of those to be created/tapped during the next financial year. Sources said that the failure of the revenue generating departments to meet targets and that of the major spending organs to remain within their allocation limits, caused the unprecedented gap, which is "to be prevented in 1998-99, positively". That is imperative even to avert a slide in the inflow of money in the next financial year below the transactions made in 1997-98, said the officials. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980430 ------------------------------------------------------------------- No additional taxes planned, says Shahid ------------------------------------------------------------------- Correspondent RAWALPINDI, April 29: The Governor of Punjab, Mr Shahid Hamid, on Wednesday said no additional taxes would be levied in the next provincial budget. Talking to newsmen at the governor's house, he said a final decision regarding the levying of taxes would be made by the cabinet. However, he added, the finance minister had been asked to reduce non- development expenditure and provide maximum relief to the common man in the next budget. Replying to a question about maintenance of law and order during Muharram, he said the Rangers and paramilitary forces would be called out if things got out of hand. The governor said in order to maintain sectarian harmony, the police had been alerted and special contingents deployed at all sensitive places. He said a code of ethics had been prepared after consultations with leaders of different schools of thought to avoid any sort of disturbance during the holy month. "If any religious group violates the code, stern action will be taken against it." Talking about wheat production, he said the total wheat production was expected to be 18.5 million tons. Answering a question about inflated utility bills, the governor said this problem would remain unless more dams were constructed. He said due to thermal power projects, the people were compelled to pay heavy bills, while water reserves were going to waste. "The quantity of water which is going to waste is sufficient for three new dams." Mr Shahid Hamid said he was enjoying the same perks and privileges which he was getting during the rule of the caretakers. Earlier at a meeting with the officer-bearers of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI), he urged businessmen to pay taxes and extend cooperation in the removal of encroachments, improvement of the environment, extension of services in the medical and education sectors. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980501 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Rupee gains 31 paisa against $ ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter KARACHI, April 30: The rupee recovered 31 paisa against the US dollar during the last three days in the kerb market as depressed demand for the greenback triggered its selling by speculators. The dollar closed at 45.52 and 45.55 against the rupee in the kerb market on Thursday against the Monday close of 45.83 and 45.86. The demand for the dollar both in the formal as well as kerb market has been bearish ever since banks started quoting their own rupee- dollar exchange rates from March 24. Senior bankers told Dawn the dollar has been trading at the lowest point in the band fixed for the banks to follow while determining their own dollar-rupee parities. Banks are supposed to buy or sell the greenback somewhere between Rs 45.05 and Rs 45.49. The dollar has been under pressure against rupee for the last two three weeks in the formal market that covers inter-bank deals and transaction between banks and their clients. The reasons are simple: the exporters are desperate to sell their proceeds to get the rupee equivalent for financing their day to day operation because they are short of liquidity and the importers appear to be no more worried about any devaluation coming about and as such they are not making bee-lines for the dollar. This is happening also because the exports have risen and the imports declined thereby increasing the supply of the dollar and reducing its demand. The developments in the formal foreign exchange market has also depressed dollar prices in the kerb as speculators can no longer afford to keep waiting for a devaluation to come by and give them windfalls: They are desperately selling their stocks of the greenback because the stocks were piled up through rupee loans the servicing of which has now become a problem for the speculators who had not figured that the rupee could hold firm for such a long time. Pakistan had last devalued the rupee by 8.7 per cent on 15th October last year and since then there were rumours of further devaluation making rounds in the kerb market. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980428 ------------------------------------------------------------------- CBR may seek Rs17bn cut in tax collection target ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ikram Hoti ISLAMABAD, April 27: The Central Board of Revenue is believed to be asking for a Rs 17 billion downward revision of the total tax collection target set for the financial year 1997-98. The original budgetary target of tax collection set for the CBR to achieve during the 12 months of the current financial year was Rs 324 billion. This target was revised downward to Rs 305 billion at the end of February 1998 (by Rs 19 billion). A Rs 17 billion further reduction in the target will bring down the estimate of tax collection for the current financial year to Rs 288 billion. This step has been necessitated by an apparent Rs 36 billion shortfall in the collection made in the first 10 months (July-April period). The total target (as per revised figures) for this period, was Rs 254 billion, whereas, the CBR collected only Rs 14 billion by April 26, and the CBR officials hope to collect Rs 5 billion more, in the last four days of the month. With the Rs 19 billion April collection added to the Rs 199 billion collection made by end of March, 1998, the total collection for 10 months is now going to be Rs 218 billion, against the revised target of Rs 254 billion for the July-April period. The CBR hopes to collect at the rate of Rs 35 billion per month, during the remaining two months of the current financial year, which, if accomplished, would mean another Rs 70 billion added to the already made collection of Rs 218 billion, and the total collection by end of the fiscal will be Rs 288 billion. The Rs 17 billion shortfall, against the Rs 305 billion (revised) target, is being deemed "impossible" to do away with, and hence the CBR reportedly requesting for revising downward the already revised target of Rs 305 billion to Rs 288 billion. However, senior CBR officials explained that, keeping in view the failure in meeting the April target of collection, the CBR might not even reach the figure of Rs 288 billion. The target for April was Rs 29 billion, whereas, the total collection expected at the end of April is Rs 19 billion, with a clear shortfall of Rs 10 billion. The per month collection target now being reset at Rs 35 billion for May and June 1998, is deemed "foolish" and "too optimistic" by these officials. They argue that the trend of per month collection in the July 97-April 98 period has been Rs 25.4 billion. "How can CBR collect Rs 35 billion a month, in May and June. There are no indications of the imports going up, the Sales Tax getting better, and the Income Tax and Excise duty bettering its collection." They added that "at best, the CBR can collect Rs 30 billion a month in May and June 98. This would mean the total collection to be made during the entire current financial year will be Rs 278 billion, and not Rs 288 billion." DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980430 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Kickbacks detected in IPPs deals, says PM ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, April 29: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said here on Wednesday that serious irregularities, including payment of kickbacks and commissions, had been detected in the contracts with the IPPs. "A lot of corrupt practices have been noticed in which the Independent Power Producers(IPPs) indulged, that call for a thorough investigation ", he said. He told reporters after inaugurating a two-day second meeting of SAARC commerce ministers that the former PPP government had signed extremely high power purchase agreements(PPA) against the national interest." The poor people of Pakistan cannot afford those power tariffs". "The IPPs would have to reduce their power tariffs as the country's economic situation does not permit us to continue honouring contracts with them", the prime minister said. But he believed that the IPP power tariff issue had been complicated due to statements and what was being written in the press. "But I want to tell you that we will decide the power tariff issue through mutual consultations and within the law of the land". Mr Sharif said the IPPs should realise the gravity of the situation and voluntarily reduce their power tariffs so that suffering of the common man could be mitigated to some extent. Asked whether the job of investigating the payment of kickbacks and commissions had been handed over to the Ehtesab Bureau, he said it was the government which was looking into the issue. The prime minister was asked by a reporter why the government should accept high-power tariffs, specially when some of the same companies, also operating in Bangladesh, were charging less in that country. "That is why we have taken up the issue", he replied. Asked whether he himself would announce the agreement that had been reached with the IPPs, as was claimed by the chief of Ehtesab Bureau, Saifur Rehman, Mr Sharif said: "Nothing has so far been finalised and as such how could I announce anything". He, however, hoped the IPPs would eventually reduce their power tariffs."We are trying to find out an amicable solution to the problem". POWER EXPORT: Answering a question, he said his government was looking into possibilities of exporting surplus power to India."Originally, the proposal came from former Indian prime minister I.K. Gujral when I met him in Edinburgh last year and I had expressed my willingness to consider the matter" , he added. "I believe we can still hold talks on exporting electricity to India", he said. The prime minister pointed out the issue could not be discussed and finalised because the Gujral government did not last. To another question, the prime minister said his government wanted to resolve all outstanding issues with India through dialogue."My government is keen to develop normal relations with India", he said,praising his Indian counterpart Mr Vajpayee who, he believed, also wanted to have friendly relations between the two countries. He said he had received a letter from the Indian prime minister in which he had expressed his willingness for the resumption of talks between the two countries."I am sure the deadlock will end soon." However, Mr Sharif voiced concern over the killing of a number of innocent people by Indian fores near the Line of Control on Monday last. He said such incidents always increased tension in the region and, "I would expect them(Indian) to help resolve issues through dialogue". DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980427 ------------------------------------------------------------------- $5bn worth loans added to debt stock in a year ------------------------------------------------------------------- M. Ziauddin THE FIRST full financial year of this government is coming to a close with the national economy having been burdened with an additional debt of as much as $5 billion in foreign exchange as well as in rupee equivalent. Part of this debt is, no doubt concessional, but the additional burden on the debt servicing head of the budget which had already reached the back-breaking proportion of Rs 270 billion in the budget for 1997-98, may well serve as the last straw on the camel's back. Most of this additional borrowing has been done by the government from non-banking sources which include multilateral agencies whose loans carry very easy terms and also from international commercial lenders who charge very high interest rates with short repayment periods of one to two years. Some of these loans have been contracted to roll over the loans obtained in the recent past by the caretaker government of Meraj Khalid. But most loans are fresh to meet the balance of payments obligations as well as the burgeoning budgetary deficit. Creative accounting By resorting to some clever and creative accounting, the government has succeeded in camouflaging these borrowings as non- bank and non-budgetary to keep the overall budgetary deficit from appearing to have gone well past the IMF-prescribed limit of 5 per cent of the GDP. The government concedes that the budgetary deficit had already crossed the 5 per cent of GDP limit but insists that the overshooting is no more than a fraction of one per cent. However, if one were to take into account all the borrowings into consideration including those obtained from multilateral aid agencies, plus those resources borrowed by corporations by pledging their assets and future sales but still against sovereign guarantees, then it is more than likely that by the year-end the overall budgetary deficit would go well past 8 per cent of the GDP, the figure the first Nawaz government had succeeded in achieving in its second year. Unfavourable conditions In fact the government is even now needing more of the same and is planning to launch fixed term bonds for the purpose. Earlier it had been decided to launch the bonds sometime soon after the first quarter of the current financial year. But the launch was postponed due to unfavourable circumstances which would either have increased painfully high the cost of the loans being procured through these bonds or faced the ignominy of getting no takers because of what is regarded internationally as too risky a rating of Pakistan. Since things are still unfavourable for Pakistan, therefore, the government is considering tapping alternative sources of raising fresh loans such as through securitising the workers's remittances for about $300 million. The advantage that the government had gained due to remarkable improvement in the current account due to a virtual collapse in imports and massive increase in remittances and foreign currency account deposits, however, did not get reflected in the foreign exchange reserves because of the collapse of exports of equal severity. Therefore, the FER is hovering at about a billion dollars against the IMF target for the year of $1.7 billion. The government may also feel satisfied with the performance of the agricultural sector during the year. But except for helping the overall economy achieve a respectable growth rate, the satisfactory performance of the agricultural sector has not helped boost exports or keep the imports of wheat and edible oils under control. Analysts said that this 'generosity' would last for another about 10 months or so and by February next year all these sources would dry up suddenly and the country would be left high and dry to fend for itself from its own resources. So, the government has between now and February 1999 to do something about its balance of payments position as well as its budgetary deficit. Tall order Can the government achieve this miracle in the time available to it? On paper it is possible. All that the government needs to do is to keep the imports at their present level and boost export at the rate of 20 per cent. In order to boost exports by that extent, all that the government needs to do is to get the industrialists to produce the needed surpluses. And the higher revenues generated by the resultant accelerated economic growth should then be collected by the CBR efficiently and honestly. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980426 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Contracts for cotton exports cancelled ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter KARACHI, April 25: Cotton export contracts worth Rs700 million or 70,000 bales were cancelled as some of the leading Southeast Asian importers failed to open Letters of Credit(L/Cs) within the stipulated, time owing to recent financial crisis and the consequent liquidity problems. But most of them have indicated to the local exporters to settle the account under the international trade law and pay penalty arising out of their inability to arrange for the physical shipment within 180 days after the signing of the contract, exporters said. The recent financial crisis in some of the Southeast Asian countries could have severe impact on Pakistan's current export drive, sources at the local export houses claim. "Indonesia has in the recent past emerged as one of the leading cotton importers from Pakistan, but its battered economy has significantly curtailed its total demand", they maintained. Local export houses have to register all the export contracts with the State Bank indication f.o.b or c.i.f selling prices and quality of lint contracted to be shipped but they are bound to ensure shipment within six months. "Failure to meet the physical shipment deadline could well mean forfeiture of cash security of three per cent of the total sale value of the contract by the central bank", they added. The exporters have made total forward sales of cotton totalling 0.470 million bales, worth about Rs5 billion against which they have already physically shipped 0.400 million bales up to April 15, 1998 since Sept 1,1997. "We are looking for alternate buyers to sell the contracted consignments," they added. Some other exporters said the current fall in the international prices of cotton including the New York Cotton Exchange to 63 cents per lb followed by news that China will sell 1.2 million bales to clear old stock could make things a bit difficult but "we hope to net new affluent buyers from the same countries ". DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980501 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Stocks finish with extended fall of 15.54 points ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter KARACHI, April 30: Shares on the Karachi Stock Exchange on Thursday finished with an extended fall on renewed selling but unlike previous sessions there were buyers at the dips. Strong short-covering in pivotals at the fag end of the session at lower levels despite a long weekend ahead has raised hopes that the market could pull itself out from the current impasse when trading resumes next week. Early selling in part was also attributed to coming holidays as the market will remain close on Friday on account of May day and Saturday and Sunday being official closures. The KSE 100-share index suffered a fresh setback of 15.54 points at 1,562.23 as compared to 1,577.77 a day earlier, wiping out Rs 3 billion from market capitalization at Rs 431 billion. "The tussle on power tariff might not have shaken the confidence of foreign investors and there could be certainly some rethinking on the issue," some analysts said adding: "The stage whether or not to invest here is yet to come." They said the current weakness of the dollar against rupee is reflective of the fact what might be going off the scene. "The rupee has no apparent sound reason to be stronger except hasty liquidation by those who are on their way out," most leading floor brokers believe. Telecard whose foreign investors have sold their stake in it rose to its pre-reaction level of Rs 27, up Rs 7. Trading in it was allowed only on spot basis after a business of 0.156 million shares was transacted apparently to forestall further increase in its share value. Other good gainers were led by Escort Bank, Jahangir Siddiqui & Co, KASB & Co, Adamjee Insurance and leading MNCs such as Glaxo- Wellcome, Reckitt and Colman and Alico, which posted gains ranging from one rupee to Rs 3.15. Shell Pakistan came in for renewed selling, apparently owing to power cut issue, and fell further by Rs 11.50 and Rs 20 for both ordinary and right shares, followed by Lever Brothers, which also suffered a fresh decline of Rs 35 at Rs 1,510. MCB, Metropolitan Bank, Century Insurance, Dewan Salman and Bengal Fibre also came in for active selling at higher levels and suffered fall ranging from Rs 1.05 to Rs 3.90. Among MNCs apart from Shell Pakistan, BOC Pakistan, Fauji Fertilizer, Sandoz Pakistan and Lever Brothers also remained under pressure and ended further lower, the biggest fall of Rs 60 being in Lever Brothers. Trading volume fell to 38.831 million shares from the previous 40.156 million shares owing to absence of leading sellers. Out of 173 actives, 57 shares rose, 69 fell with 47 holding on to the last levels. Other actively traded shares were led by FFC-Jordan Fertilizer, up 15 paisa on 0.523 million shares, followed by PSO, off Rs 5.10 on 0.330 million shares, Southern Electric, unchanged on 0.233 million shares, Dewan Salman, easy Rs 1.05 on 0.225 million shares, and Dhan Fibre, lower 10 paisa on 0.225 million shares. DEFAULTING COMPANIES: Crescent Spinning came in for active selling on this counter and ended off 35 paisa on 35,500 shares. Crescent Board followed it, accounting for 6,500 shares.
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EDITORIALS & FEATURES 980426 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Storming of the Supreme Court - 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ardeshir Cowasjee YET again, on April 23, I found myself before the Bench of the Supreme Court presided over by Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid, sitting with Justices Munawar Ahmed Mirza and Abdul Rahman Khan, appointed to enquire into the disgraceful events of that sad November day and to establish whether those involved in the attack can be charged with contempt or not. The Judges were angry. They expressed their 'dissatisfaction' over my explanation given under oath on the first day of the hearing as to how I had come by the video cassette recording of the events of November 28, of which, after verifying its authenticity, I had a copy made and forwarded it to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for him to take appropriate action. In response, I expressed my helplessness over their dissatisfaction. Once more I explained how much mail I receive each day, either by post, by hand or by courier correspondence (mostly requests that I write on certain subjects), circulars, magazines, cassettes of political speechifying, of maulvis preaching, of dancers dancing, of singers singing, etc. I did not explain that my feeling upon receiving the cassette was that whoever had sent it had sent it so that I should write upon the subject particularly as I am shown on the recording as being present in the Court that day. My earlier written request that I be provided with an unedited version of the CCTV recording of November 28 was not considered appropriate and was denied. However, my affidavit filed on the 23rd was taken on record. It reads as follows : "Pursuant to my Affidavits of 20/3/98 and 1/4/98 and their attachments, which have been taken on record, and my request of 10/4/98 that I be provided with a copy of the unedited full-length film recorded by the CCTV cameras of the Supreme Court on November 28 1997 on which day I was present in the honourable Supreme Court and was witness to the storming of the Supreme Court by, inter alia, parliamentarians, members and supporters of the Pakistan Muslim League, the ruling party : "I, Ardeshir Cowasjee, son of Rustom Fakirjee Cowasjee, Parsi, adult, citizen of Pakistan, resident of 10 Mary Road, Karachi, do hereby solemnly state : "1) That the framers of our contempt laws never envisaged the possibility that the government of the day would organise a mob to storm the Supreme Court whilst in session, i.e. commit contempt in the face of the Court. The procedure laid down in Order 27 Rule 7(2) of the Supreme Court Rules reflects this. "2) That it is on record that the first law officer of the people, Attorney General Chaudhry Farooq, has himself committed contempt in the face of the Court. During the 1993-96 PPP government of Benazir Bhutto, Advocate Chaudhry Farooq, defending an Ittefaq case in the Lahore High Court, swore at the presiding Judge, Mr Justice Munir A Shaikh, in open court, using the crudest of language. For this blatant contempt committed in the face of the court, the honourable presiding Judge could have convicted and imprisoned him. "3) That Advocate Chaudhry Farooq was not prosecuted does not deviate from or alter the fact that he abused an honourable High Court Judge in open court, thus committing contempt in the face of the court. "4) That with the advent of the PML government of Nawaz Sharif, the Prime Minister appointed as Attorney General of Pakistan, as the people's lawyer, his own lawyer, Ittefaq's lawyer, Advocate Chaudhry Farooq. "5) That the judiciary and the people accepted him, without protest, as the first law officer of the land rests heavily on the heads of the people and even more heavily on the heads of those in power and authority who could have opposed his nomination and subsequent appointment, and, additionally, this advocate can hardly be considered to be competent to aid the Supreme Court in the investigation it is now conducting to establish the identity of those members of the ruling party who had either organised the storming or were leading the mob, or were with the mob on November 28, 1997. "6) That at the last hearing on April 1, 1998, when Mr Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid asked the Deputy Attorney General, Mian Tariq Mahmood, to identify additional members of the attacking mob, as shown in the video recording, the latter was honest enough to admit that it would be an exercise in futility as all the Muslim League members would take their oaths and recite the same story. "7) That when examined on April 1, 1998, the officers of the Islamabad police force regretted their inability to identify any of those seen on the video recording, pleading that many people had been brought in from Lahore and/or other parts of the Province. It is safe to presume that not one government factotum, whether under oath or not, will tell the truth. "8) That on April 20, 1998, members of the opposition party, the PPP, held a demonstration outside the Assembly building. The police force present there, less in number than they were when on duty at the Supreme Court on November 28, 1997 and not clad in riot gear as they were that day, laid into the PPP demonstrators, injuring several, including parliamentarians. "9) That, evidently, on April 20, 1998, the government's intent was to defend the 'honour' and 'sanctity' of their Parliament in the manner in which it did. Had its intent been clean and honest on November 28, 1997, it could that day have defended the 'honour' and 'sanctity' of the Supreme Court and thus saved it from contempt and desecration. This further illustrates the complicity and acquiescence of the government in the shameful events of November 28, 1997. "10) That violence can breed nothing but violence. Had the crowd of November 28, 1997 been controlled, and the rowdies arrested and jailed immediately, it is highly likely that many violent events that have subsequently occurred, including the police action of April 20, 1998 in the precincts of the Assembly building, would not have taken place." On the day of the previous hearing, the Judges had ordered the Deputy Attorney General that he arrange to produce in Court on April 23 Mushtaq Tahirkheli who was at that time on Haj. The DAG explained that Tahirkheli had returned from Haj, but was 'unwell' and in Lahore and had declined to be present. Justice Zahid asked him to get him to the Court the following day. The DAG explained, "But it is Friday tomorrow." "Quite so," responded Justice Zahid, "If today is Thursday, then tomorrow is Friday." "I don't think he will come," said the DAG. So it was settled that Tahirkheli would be called during the coming week. Tahirkheli is the PM's political secretary who had unsuccessfully heckled former Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah in his Court on November 27, shouting and screaming, "No chief justice, no supreme court. . . . what kind of justice are you dispensing," and was amongst the slogan-mongering flag-waving stormers of the Court on November 28. For this he was sacked, jailed, then released and garlanded, and finally re-employed by the Prime Minister in the same post. All very proper and logical. All that the DAG managed to produce on April 23 was the President of the Nawaz Sharif Force, Shahbaz Goshi of Rawalpindi. He declared himself to be 30 years old, his occupation to be 'ex-student' with no regular source of income. He commands a Force of over 2,500 men dispersed all over Pakistan, with some 2,000 in the RWP-ISL area, whose mission it is to spread the gospel of Nawaz Sharif. The Force receives no funding other than donations collected by its members. It liaises with the Shahbaz Force and with the MSF. He confirmed he was present outside the Court building on the day of the storming. DAG Mian Tariq Mahmood is a likeable, pragmatic man. A relative of the Attorney General, he is about to be made a High Court judge. The men of the administration were unable to identify any further persons on the video cassette, but had provided a list of 23 persons identified from press photographs and by others who know them. The DAG more or less expressed his helplessness to produce these people in Court as they would not come when called. The Court would have to summon them. What about members of the administration who were present that day, the Court asked? Produce them. But, protested the DAG, the entire administration was present. It was finally ordered that the DAG obtain affidavits from all those identified, and produce in Court ten from the list of 23 on April 28 and a further ten on April 29. A doleful-looking DAG mumbled something about the impossibility of coming up with either affidavits or live bodies. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980501 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Who's paying the bills? ------------------------------------------------------------------- Irfan Husain OVER the years, as I have watched politicians and political parties in action from close up, I have often wondered who pays for it all. For instance, we read every day about our leaders flying off from one city to another. And when they get on a plane, they travel first class, notwithstanding their populist rhetoric. You and I may shop around, finding out about the night coach, or the fares on the private airlines, and at best flying economy on PIA, but nothing but the best for our politicians. They fly to Islamabad and Lahore as often as the rest of us drive downtown. Just to update readers who have not flown recently, the first class return fare from Karachi to Islamabad is Rs 13,500. And obviously, leaders can hardly be expected to travel alone apart from needing somebody to carry their briefcases (or handbags), there has to be at least one hanger-on to queue at the check-in counter and get the boarding cards, as well to collect the luggage at the destination. It helps if you go through the VIP lounge because there is no shortage of flunkeys to fetch and carry there. Oh yes, these bastions of privilege are still functioning despite Nawaz Sharif's promises to do away with "VIP culture." Apart from these frequent overnight visits to the capital and other cities within Pakistan, there is the whole other scene involving endless foreign travel. London is a very popular destination among our politicians, no doubt because of the presence of Harrods, and for lesser political lights, Marks and Spencer. As a result of their frequent visits there, politicians have bought up a lot of property: obviously, they need somewhere to stay on these exhausting trips. Key figures in the government and in the opposition are alleged to have houses and flats in and around London worth millions of pounds. But we are more concerned in this column to discover where the spending money is coming from. Return tickets to London, even in economy class, can set you back from thirty to forty thousand, and here, too, no heavyweight leader worth his (or her) salt travels alone. Add the cost of the shopping, and you can easily end up with a tab of a couple of lakhs per trip. Altaf Hussain's self-exile in London over the last few years has been a bonanza for our jaunt-loving politicians. Every time he wishes, battalions of his party members and his nominal allies in the Muslim League board the first available flight for a quick pilgrimage. And then there are the interminable phone calls back and forth which must put a dent even in the inexhaustible "party funds" available to the MQM. Now none of these trips pose a financial problem to the party in power at any given moment. After all, there is a long tradition of identifying party interests with state interests. In such a situation, it is only just and logical that the exchequer (i.e., you and I) should foot the bill for all these frequent trips. The interesting thing is that this travel pattern does not change whether or not politicians are in power. The only difference is that when their party is turfed out, they use the money they acquired in the good old days when they were calling the shots. Then there is the whole other (and more expensive) question of legal fees. It goes without saying that politicians out in the cold are, almost by definition, enmeshed in a multitude of court cases. Indeed, much of their travels are determined by court hearings. So air fare apart, who pays the legal costs? I know that through great foresight, leaders have traditionally included legal at the highest echelon of their parties. But even these lawyers have to pay their juniors and run their offices. Given the interminable nature of these cases, surely some cash would have to be shelled out. Our politicians are so accustomed to freebies that I do not see them paying a penny towards their own defence. So who is under-writing this vast legal operation? Here again, the party in power enjoys a huge financial advantage as the entire legal machinery of the government - a huge if cumbersome establishment - rolls into operation to flatten the enemy, i.e. the opposition. Once more, party interests equal state interests, and therefore the exchequer is available to pay the most expensive lawyers in the land. The attorney-general is reduced to the role of a party lawyer, and the entire higher judiciary is caught up in hearing cases lodged by the government against the opposition, and vice versa. The process is interminable, and very, very expensive. President Clinton has had to raise money for his defence through appeals to the Democratic Party faithful. Here leaders in power simply use the justice ministry as their personal legal advisers. The next thing I am curious about is what happens to the money that accompanies each application for a party ticket at election time. As there are up to a dozen applications for each constituency, accompanied by up to a lakh, and only one aspirant gets the ticket, there is a lot of unexplained cash out there. I know for a fact that unsuccessful applications do not get a refund, nor do they expect one. I also know that every candidate is expected to finance his own campaign: there is no such thing as a "party fund" which is tapped for financing middle-class candidates because, apart from the MQM, there are none. Indeed, the only criterion the major parties apply in awarding tickets is the candidate's ability to lay out serious money to get elected. Given the lack of accountability that prevails at every level of every party, it should come as no surprise when these politicians go berserk upon attaining power. Not only do they have to settle scores with their opponents, they have to replenish their depleted bank accounts. With such high stakes in politics, the venom and vindictiveness that surround it are understandable. One final question; when our politicians seem to do so little productive and useful, who pays the bills at home? We all know that they are unemployed and unemployable so how does the kitchen run? How are school fees paid? And who pays for all the long-distance calls? As I said, the party in power has no problems with these petty expenses, and both Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto keep reminding us of their wealth. But how about the lesser lights? Until we demand to know, politics in Pakistan will continue to remain as corrupt as it is today. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980427 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ghauri won't rock the region ------------------------------------------------------------------- General Mirza Aslam Beg A POISON, very often, is a cure for poison. Poet Iqbal very aptly said: ke zahr bhi kabhi karta hai kare tiryaq: (Venom sometimes acts as an anti-body to protect the individual from murderous onslaught of virus and venom). Regional peace, similarly, if threatened by slings and arrows in India's modern weaponry parlance, such as Prithvi, Agni, Trishul and Nag necessitated the test-firing of Ghauri missile, to serve as a therapy for power imbalance a missile essentially to maintain peace and stability. It is an implicit message to India to see the futility of arms race and to refrain from exhibiting any intimidating posture. It is not in the psyche of Pakistan, to compromise out of fear. It is an attitudinal predisposition a legacy of a very rich civilizational heritage, as fighting outnumbered and out-weaponed is the distinctive feature of all classical battles Muslims have fought with their adversaries. A gesture of accommodation and reciprocal respect, however, is a great inducement for Pakistanis to respond in geometric proportion in interpersonal dealings. The situation is no different in the realm of international relations. The failure to grasp this reality is the single most impediment to the prosperity and well-being of the region. The language of terror, which India chooses to communicate with, not only alienates Pakistan, but makes the entire South Asia a boiling cauldron of tension and mistrust. Thus a haunting morbidity vitiates the South Asian geopolitical climate. What is simply an egoistic need of India is transformed into a strategic choice to join the prestigious nuclear club in order to qualify for a permanent seat in the Security Council and thus be able to exercise the power of veto over the affairs of the world. Indeed, it is this grandiose vision which propels India to perceive itself as a nuclear elitist in the region and the solitary wielder of nuclear power. The desperation with which it is pursuing missile programme medium and long range transcends any rational security consideration. It emanates from a deeper urge to reign supreme with a display of nuclear might. Why is India so obsessed with seeking power parity with the five members of the security council? The rationale can be found in Subrahmanyam's words, who very candidly expressed in 1972: "India's role is not that of a middle power; her area and population rule that out. India will in the next two or three decades become a major power and if it fails to do that external pressure will break her up. It is extremely unlikely that without adequate power, understood in all its ramifications, this country with its 500 million people will stay together at the end of the two decades". The message to go nuclear was implicit in the depiction of what he termed "adequate power ... understood in all its ramifications." It is no wonder that only two years later 1974 the region experienced atomic test blast, ironically named Smiling Buddha juxtaposition of opposites. To hide the real intent it was publicized as a "peaceful explosion". Lt Gen Sen rightly commented: "The distinction between a peaceful nuclear explosion and a devastating nuclear bomb is so fine that it is difficult to ascertain where the dividing line is. In fact, only a political decision separates them". The deep-seated propensity to emerge as a nuclear power, is thus typical of Indian strategic mind. Jonathan Power is more explicit and forthright: "India will always be regarded as a second rate developing country, unless it has its nuclear arsenal. China earned Nixon's respect when it went nuclear. India should do the same." Placed in the predicament when its preponderant neighbour India, was overly flexing its military muscle, Pakistan's option to go nuclear was only a strategic compulsion. If it didn't, it would have amounted to playing second fiddle to India, a position totally repugnant to Pakistani sensibility, as it would have made the very creation of Pakistan a redundant venture. Deviation from the sacrosanct principle enshrined in the UN Charter, the right of sovereign equality of nations, would reduce South Asia as a protectorate of India as a successor to the British Crown. This imperial mindset of India, makes the peace prospect utterly dismal, and Pakistan's modest nuclear policy and acquisition of missile technology is expressive of that strategic defiance; not to let India transgress limits of strategic propriety. Pakistan intends to convey that its nuclear as well as missile acquisitive behaviour be viewed by its neighbours and the western strategic observers, with a touch of realism. Empathy is what is required. It is not Pakistan's unilateral action. It follows the Newtonian paradigm every action has a reaction. India, as the initiator must face the onus of responsibility for nuclear and missile proliferation in the region. All talk of bilateral signing of the NPT; making South Asia a nuclear-free zone; a regional solution to the nuclear imbroglio; embargo on missile production and similar other proposals have only proved exercises in futility. Seeking nuclear power is the overriding passion for India which blocks every sincere effort on the part of Pakistan to persuade it to exercise restraint. Pakistan had to enter the missile arena willy nilly, just as it had taken rightful steps to achieve nuclear parity with India and the right quantum of deterrence and then unilaterally restrain it at that threshold, beyond which it would have been a nuclear stock- piling behaviour, meant only for nuclear blackmailing. Deterrence was all that it aspired for and which it did achieve. Pakistan's missile programme similarly was undertaken in the early 1987, on the explicit information gained that India was on the road to pursue its missile as well as chemical weapons development programmes. Its authenticity was checked and rechecked. General Zia ul-Haq, who was the then president, in consultation with the concerned departments, took two crucial decisions. The first one was based on moral principles that Pakistan would not develop chemical weapons. The second one was to build missiles of short and medium range capabilities, and also to be equipped with propel guidance systems. The name Hatf for the missile was selected by the GHQ R&D Committee, as it was the name of the lance of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him), which was used in many Ghazvas, and had the unique distinction of never missing its target. Similarly the name Anza (a lance of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was selected for a similar consideration, for the shoulder-fired ground -to-air missile, which was also developed during the same period. No scientific weapon is perfected in one single trial. There is always a sustained journey towards gaining sophistication and precision. Thus efforts to improve Hatf-I continued and Hatf-ll, with a range of 250 KM with a payload of 500 KG was produced in 1989. This was also a free flight rocket, with an inertial guidance system. It was displayed at the Pakistan Day parade of March 23, 1990 and 1991. Hatf III was a major breakthrough, which had 600 KM range and a payload of 500 KG, and a proper terminal guidance system, with accuracy of 0.1 per cent, as the circular error probability (CEP), at 600 KM range. The main features of this missile were that, it was a two stage rocket; war-head separation; a terminal guidance system and five different varieties of warheads. The most difficult part of the missile was its guidance system, which was developed with the help of Pakistani engineers and scientists working in Pakistan and abroad. This is the story till August 1991. Subsequently what happened to our missile programme, I have no definite knowledge. There was no news on the missile front from 1991 to 1995, giving rise to suspicions and doubts that the programme was perhaps frozen under some compulsions best known to the two governments 1991-93 (Nawaz Sharif) and 1993-95 (Benazir Bhutto). Some future historian will perhaps unearth why the missile programme remained in animated suspense for the period 1991 to 1995. India went with frenzy, under a well planned integrated missile development programme (IMDP) to produce surface-to- surface Prithvi and Agni; sea-launched ballistic missile, surface-to-air Akash and Trishul; and anti-tank missile Nag. These were systematic attempts and planned psychological operations to overawe not only the neighbours but also to impress upon the developed world, the invincibility of its military might due to the state-of-the-art technology weapons it had acquired in its arsenal. Just as the dropping of the nuclear bomb in 1945 at Hiroshima was intended to bring Japan to a point of surrender, while indirectly it also communicated to the US potential adversary USSR, which after the end of the World War II would have been much too demanding. It was in 1995 when India test-fired Agni missile and Prithvi was integrated as an operational weapon and the Government of Pakistan woke up from deep slumber and tasked Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan to develop a credible counter to Prithvi. In a short span of three years, his team accomplished a remarkable feat, just as he had done earlier in 1990 and '91, when he gave to the Pakistan army,, shoulder-fired groundto-air missile, Anza and the anti-tank Baktarshikan, both having state of the art missile technology. There is however, an unfortunate tendency reflective of our psyche that we tend to remain personality-oriented and look for heroes in every sphere of our national life. It is time that we strengthen our institutions, which collectively achieve such results and take pride in them rather than build or demolish individuals at the altar of political expediency. General Jehangir Karamat rightly cautioned that the Missile achievement could not be attributed to any individual's toil. Ghauri is a result of a series of experiments and testings by our scientists and technical experts and the effort was spread over several years. From free flight missiles to a state of the art guided missile system, required innovative minds and dedicated souls, of which there is no dearth in Pakistan. It was indeed a commendable strategic political vision that, the nuclear programme was initiated by late Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1975 and pursued by General Zia-ul-Haq, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Benazir Bhutto as well as Nawaz Sharif. There has been a commitment and continuity, despite political upheavals and strong antipathies against each other. And as a result of' continuity of the policy decision, our nuclear programme achieved the desired level of progress in early 1989, when the (PNCA) took the unilateral decision to restrain the programme, because the objectives of the programme had been served, ie a low level, non-weaponized deterrence against India was achieved, and there was no justification in stock-piling the fissionable material. In so doing, the programme was neither frozen, nor capped, nor rolled back. Only the level of the enriched uranium was brought down below five' per cent I Consensus on core national issues has, therefore, lent power and resilience to Pakistan. There is a need to harmonize policy making with appropriate implementational strategies, and above all, with continuity, irrespective of which government is saddled into power. The euphoria in the nation on the launching of Ghauri, is no doubt a bit exaggerated, as restrained expression of emotion is a mark of maturity of a nation. Moreover, ours is only a defensive orientation. In India, the jubilation was in direct proportion to its jingoistic designs and hegemonic aspirations. Our message across the border should be that the response to Ghauri does not warrant further escalation of their efforts. The insight must dawn that missile race will only go to accentuate regional impoverishment and deprivations. Ghauri is essentially a message of hope and for building a new paradigm for peace and cooperation and to stabilize the region. Ghauri also has a message to all such diffident intellectuals in Pakistan notwithstanding some of our senior retired military minds who are counselling that in view of India's superiority in missiles and other weapons, it is imperative for Pakistan to accept the ground realities and negotiate some sort of give-and-take on Kashmir. Negotiate one must, but not out of the dread of the nuclear or the ballistic missiles. Pakistan has the capability to bring into effect missile equalizer just as it achieved the nuclear one. On the reactions from Indian strategic thinkers, one can only say that it is within our expectations that they would say what they are saying. Denial of the credibility of Ghauri is a mechanism to bolster the bruised ego. When it is all that fictional, why so much of fuss about on the issue? Surely there are some grey areas in Ghauri, as it happens in all such inventions, but our scientists are quite capable of rectifying them and even improve upon its efficiency its range and multiple guided systems. To attribute it as a gift of the Chinese or Koreans, is only an infantile way of facing the reality. Rocketry is not a new art to the Muslims. In his famous book, The Sun of Islam Dr. Hunke writes: "While we are amazed by the breath-taking progress of modern rocket technology, it seldom occurs to us to whom we owe this invention. We Westerners do not like to think about its origin. An engineer from Damascus and his sons Abu Bakr, Ibrahim and Mohammad constructed seven large rocket machines, which Kublay Khan used to break China's last resistance." DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980430 ------------------------------------------------------------------- An unaccountable process ------------------------------------------------------------------- Rifaat Hamid Ghani WITCH-hunt is defined in the Chambers Dictionary as "the searching out of political opponents for exposure on grounds of alleged disloyalty to the state etc; any comparable hunting-down or persecution of a group or an individual alleged to be behaving in a dangerously heretical manner'. Well, Benazir Bhutto and Asif Zardari have not been suspected of heresy yet, but political opponents to some they are. She is clearly the object of a witch-hunt. Those who do not wish to see Benazir Bhutto have a third try at managing national destiny should be the most concerned about the witch-hunt now in progress. It is vindicating the lady's word. She is the subject of a media trial. She is being selectively targeted in what is presently more akin to persecution than prosecution. Her partymen are clobbered at the gates of the Parliament, even though they are members of its upper house. Not just she and her husband, but now some of their family and other friends and associates categorized as 'front men' have just had the allegedly vast reservoirs of their bank accounts frozen. As the allegations are yet to be established, the proceedings are energized by what is yet but a matter of opinion or undisclosed proof. One should then concede the right to differ and allow for a margin of error. It would be reassuring if matters were conducted within more familiar or less shadowy concepts of what constitutes crime, guilt and punishment. But Ehtesab is self-confessedly special and it evolves. The principle is not always of the fittest. Does the end justify the means? Conventional wisdom was/is that Ms Bhutto and her husband and their cronies plundered the wealth that should have been the nation's or frittered away national interests to line their pockets. This is a country bordering on bankruptcy and any such loot should be confiscated and brought back. It depends really on what we understand about the rule of law and expect from it and what our priorities are. We need a civilized polity and it would be a pity to see the common protection the law of the land and its processes should confer impartially on every citizen alike diminished generally simply to facilitate nabbing Ms Bhutto. Yet this is what is happening. Many prejudge her as guilty and think it a shame to let her get away with it (like so many others who go scot-free). But more is lost in the wider perspective by blending the principles of common justice with expediency than by living with the inbuilt constraints that mechanisms for justice may require. It is necessary for justice to remain blind even if agonized spectators can foresee a stumble. If we improvise specific treatment for those we are persuaded are guilty eventually we cannot hope to find an even-handed justice intact for ourselves. Events in and around the Supreme Court have themselves provided the parable for us. Turning to the specifics of incompetence and even venality in prime ministers: The urgency for probity and competence in a prime minister and that individual's family and associates is always more intensely apprehended in terms of today and tomorrow than yesterday. Ordinary Pakistanis today think oftener in terms of Mr Nawaz Sharif's past or Mr Saifur Rahman's past than Ms Bhutto's or Naheed Khan's. Present-style Ehtesab may even bring back millions or is it billions? After a brief hurray people will return to wondering why motorways and airports come first. Or criticizing the latest equivalent of something like inducting highly-paid outsiders to revamp government organizations and then not allowing proposed action. Public figures inevitably live in glass houses and the old adage advises them not to throw stones. But Mr Sharif is a modern industrialist who knows that glass has some different properties now. It can be see-through one way and opaque the other, and it may be unbreakable. I is possible to nestle up quite comfortably in that kind of glasshouse and pelt away. But when residents remain impervious within a glasshouse that condition generates its own dangers. The bias in Ehtesab is repugnantly apparent to almost everyone except those conducting it. It has effectively neutralized the weight of its own findings.

SPORTS 980430 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pakistan, NZ in double wicket final --- "Pakistan win" ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Sports Correspondent LAHORE, April 29: Pakistan and New Zealand qualified for final of the second double wicket cricket tournament winning their semi- finals under lights at the Qadhafi Stadium on Wednesday. Pakistan outplayed South Africa by big margin of 91 runs. New Zealand managed to beat Australia by 20 runs in the second pre- final. Surprisingly, the South Africa pair of Adrian Kuiper and Fannie de Villiers proved no match to the Pakistani pair of Shahid Afridi and Azhar Mahmood. Shahid Afridi was declared Man-of the-Match for his excellent all- round performance. "Pakistan win Double wicket tournament" LAHORE, April 29: Pakistani pair of Shahid Afridi and Azhar Mahmood won the Pepsi International Double Wicket Cricket Tournament defeating New Zealanders Chris Harris and Nathan Astle by five runs in the final at the Gaddafi Stadium on Wednesday evening.APP DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980428 ------------------------------------------------------------------- XXVII NATIONAL GAMES GRIND TO A CONCLUSION ------------------------------------------------------------------- Walter Frenandez PESHAWAR, April 27: The XXVII National Games were declared closed by Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif at a ceremony held with pomp and pageantry at the Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan Stadium here on Monday evening. The three-hour concluding programme was watched with great fervour and enthusiasm by the 15,000-strong packed-to capacity terraces. The Prime Minister arrived spot on time and was greeted by the Pakistan Army trumpeters and the melodic sound of bugles. The chief guest was then introduced to the members of the organising committee. Soon after, there was pin drop silence as all present stood to attention while the National Anthem was played. Major (retd) Bajwa and two others then took off in a huge hot-air balloon and before clearing the arena showered confetti from atop as a mark of respect to the Prime Minister. Immediately after the recitation from the Holy Quran, flower petals were dropped from a low flying ultra light aircraft piloted by Akhtar Munir Marwat and then the evening's events began in right earnest. A march past comprising brass bands and bagpipers took place. Led by Ghulam Haider, the musicians were a combination of Pakistan Navy, Pakistan Army, Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Police, Frontier Constabulary and the Frontier Corps. It was followed by the first non-Olympic discipline Tug-of-War single league tussle between Pakistan Army and Pakistan WAPDA squads. Pakistan Army were easily able to defeat Pakistan WAPDA in two straight rounds to win the gold medal and retain their title. The silver was snapped up by Pakistan Railways and the bronze medal by Pakistan WAPDA. But it was, the free fall para jumps from a height of 10,000 metres by the `Sea Eagles' of the Pakistan Navy direct into the centre of the stadium oval which attracted the attention and earned the applause of the spectators. A team of 11 skyjumpers headed by Commander Sarfraz Tariq took part in the event with perfection and without any unfortunate incident. Later they were all introduced by Vice Admiral Aziz Mirza to the Prime Minister. Two athletics finals were staged this evening. The first was the 1,500 metres final. Pakistan Army's Zulfiqar Ahmed who trailed fellow-soldier Sher Mohammad until the bend overtook the former in the last lap in the straight to sustain his challenge and in the gold medal after clocking three minutes, 51.38 seconds. L.Nk. Sher Ahmed had to be content with the silver after getting past the finishing line in three minutes, 52.07 seconds, The bronze medal was clasped by host NWFP's Jalaluddin in a time of four minutes, 01.66 seconds. In the 4X400 metres men's relay final, Pakistan WAPDA finished first by clocking three minutes, 13.81 seconds. Pakistan Army trailed in second in three minutes, 13.81 seconds, Pakistan Police took the third spot with a time of three minutes 14.22 seconds and Pakistan Navy were placed fourth after winding up in three minutes, 18.79 seconds. However, Pakistan WAPDA suffered the ignominy of being disqualified by the chief referee and subsequently lost the gold medal. Pakistan Army managed to storm into the lead after the first leg, their second and third man ran a flawless race before providing the baton to anchorman Allah Ditta. The anchor sprinted at a terrific pace and Pakistan's WAPDA's Mohammad Rafiq made a vain bid to overtake the soldier and once around the bend and after drawing level, he elbowed and tugged the shirt of Allah Ditta. Ditta almost lost his balance and nearly went spreadeagle like Mary Decker-Slaney went after Zola Budd dug a heel into her during the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. But somehow or the other, Ditta succeeded in staying up and was able to regain his composure. In the process, Mohammad Rafiq overtook Ditta at the 300-metre mark and although Allah Ditta made a last ditch effort to breast the tape, he failed to collar the former. Pakistan WAPDA were disqualified because of foul play and the gold medal was awarded to Pakistan Army. Pakistan Police were then elevated to the second position and Pakistan Navy to the third. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif prior to the finale awarded the `Fair Play Trophy' to NWFP. Mr. Mohammad Saeed Khan and Senator Aqil Shah, President and Secretary of the NWFP Olympic Association jointly received it on behalf of the province. The overall `Athletics Trophy' was won by Pakistan Army and it was presented to Col. Mohammad Abrar, Manager of the Pakistan Army athletics team. The runner-up Syed Wajid Ali Shah trophy went to Pakistan WAPDA. The Quaid-i-Azam Trophy for the contingent which amassed the most number of points was whisked away by Pakistan Army for the 12 consecutive year. Mr. Nawaz Sharif presented it to Brig. Abid Zubaidullah, Chairman Pakistan Army Sports Directorate. The winning athletes were also garlanded with their medals by the Prime Minister. The President of the Pakistan Olympic Association (POA), Syed Wajid Ali Shah, then invited Mr. Nawaz Sharif to declare the Games closed. The Prime Minister before doing so, said being a sportsman himself, he would always be available for sports function and if Syed Wajid Ali Shah invites him for the closing ceremonies of National Games as long as he is in office, he would oblige him at all cost. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980427 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Farhan downs Yousuf 8-2 in Classic snooker final ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ian Fyfe KARACHI, April 26: Third seed Farhan Mirza registered a stunning upset, when he demolished the Pakistan No. 1 Mohammad Yousuf 8-2, in the final of the Second Red & White Snooker Classic Championship played before a large gathering at the Siddiq Bilwany Snooker Hall at the Haji Sir Abdullah Haroon Muslim Gymkhana on Sunday afternoon. The bespectacled youngster from Lahore after edging out the defending champion Saleh Mohammad 6-5 in the semi-final the previous evening, appeared for the final clash against the former world amateur snooker champion, beaming with loads of confidence. Farhan emerged a happy 8-2 winner, and managed a shy smile as he was lustily cheered by the snooker fans. For Farhan only 22 years old, this was his third victory in a ranking tournament. This fine victory enabled Farhan to move into the second spot behind Mohammad Yousuf in the National rankings. Saleh Mohammad moved down to No.3 while Shameel Shah took over the fourth spot from Naveen Perwani. Farhan the winner, received a handsome purse of Rs.35,000/- and the runner-up Yousuf had to be content with a cheque of Rs.20,000/- The two semi-finalists Saleh Mohammad and Shameel Shah each received Rs.10,000-, while the four quarter-finalists Naveen Perwani, Vishan Gir, Aneel Bherwai and Khurram Agha, had cash prizes of Rs.5000/- each. Saleh Mohammad received another cash prize of Rs.5000/-, for notching up the highest break of 135 during the tournament. Haji Haroon Abdul Karim Teli, graced the final and presented the trophies and cash prizes to the winner and runners-up. Also present at the finals was Jamil Sakrani, Senior Vice-President PBSA and President Karachi Club along with Arif Bawany, Hon. Treasurer, PBSA. Following is the final result: Farhan Mirza (Punjab) beat Mohammad Yousuf (Sindh) 8-2: 111/5, 82/32, 89/6, 72/25, 547/29, 61/34, 36/62, 86/1, 34/90, 91/16. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 980427 ------------------------------------------------------------------- The demoralising 90-day African safari ------------------------------------------------------------------- Samiul Hasan DISAPPOINTING is perhaps the mildest word to describe our cricketers performance on the African safari. The one-all draw in the three-Test series against South Africa may appear quite respectable, but the events of the lost third Test at Port Elizabeth more than neutralised the marvellous and historic win at Durban in the second Test. The tour of Zimbabwe, which was being taken lightly and sort of breathing time, unexpectedly went full length, notwithstanding the fact that Pakistan won the two-Test series 1-0 and the one-day series 2-0 after a bumpy ride. The most demoralising part of the 90-day tour was when Pakistan returned to South Africa for the tri-nation series and lost four out of the six league matches and were lucky indeed to qualify for the final in which they touched the rock bottom. There is no denying the fact that injuries to Aamir Sohail, Saqlain Mushtaq and Shoaib Akhtar weakened the team. There were several tactical errors too and these went unnoticed and denied Pakistan an opportunity to win the Test series against South Africa, register a more convincing performance against Zimbabwe, and put up a respectable show in the triangular series. To begin with, the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) made the mistake of appointing Rashid Latif as captain, whose career now seems in jeopardy. Latif had played just eight one-dayers in 19 months, lacked fitness and form, when the daunting task of leading the team was imposed on him. Latif's appointment as captain also unbalanced the side. The defeat at Port Elizabeth is a case in point. Two wicketkeepers (Latif and Moin Khan) played together for the first time as Pakistan went into the Test with four specialist stroke-makers excluding Moin who was included as a batsman, a role he was not accustomed to. Needing just a draw to clinch the series, Latif should have been wise enough to delay his inclusion in the team until Zimbabwe to allow Pakistan to field five specialist batsmen excluding Moin who would have retained his place as wicketkeeper-batsman, a role he had performed creditably throughout. Although the belated inclusion of Wasim Akram in the team and prompt selection for the Port Elizabeth Test was also debatable as the allrounder had played just one first-class match in three months, he more than proved his class in the first phase of the tour. Akram's inclusion seemed to have affected the cohesion and understanding of the outfit. A team which looked tenacious at Durban, was in tatters at Port Elizabeth. The implication of this about-turn must be duly pondered. Shahid Afridi, who had been opening the innings in the absence of Aamir Sohail, was played in just three games. Yousuf Yohana and Mohammad Wasim, both quite successful in Zimbabwe, were denied their rightful place for an out-of-form Ijaz Ahmad. The otherwise disastrous tour has a few positive points also, mainly, the much needed exposure to youngsters. Mohammad Wasim and Yousuf Yohana exhibited their temperament and skills with the willow. Azhar Mahmood and Abdul Razzak emerged as allrounders with a bright future, and Shoaib Akhtar impressed with his speed. Unfortunately there is no one in the team like Imran Khan to polish the crop of fast bowlers. Back to the top.

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