------------------------------------------------------------------- Week Ending : 18 January 1996 Issue : 02/03 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents | National News | Business & Economy | Editorials & Features | Sports
The DAWN Wire Service (DWS) is a free weekly news-service from Pakistan's largest English language newspaper, the daily DAWN. DWS offers news, analysis and features of particular interest to the Pakistani Community on the Internet. Extracts from DWS can be used provided that this entire header is included at the beginning of each extract. We encourage comments & suggestions. We can be reached at: e-mail dws@dawn.khi.erum.com.pk dws%dawn%khi@sdnpk.undp.org fax +92(21) 568-3188 & 568-3801 mail Pakistan Herald Publications (Pvt.) Limited DAWN Group of Newspapers Haroon House, Karachi 74400, Pakistan TO START RECEIVING DWS FREE EVERY WEEK, JUST SEND US YOUR E-MAIL ADDRESS! (c) Pakistan Herald Publications (Pvt.) Ltd., Pakistan - 1996 DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS





General ..........Defection by Punjab MPAs ..........N-arms to worsen tension, US tells India ..........India to deploy Prithvi missile ..........Younus Habib served with another charge sheet ..........Prisoners suffer unending trials ..........Imran wants a lawyers body to look into hospital accounts ..........Law enforcers harass passengers Sanghar by-election ..........Sanghar by-election: PPP wins NA seat by massive margin ..........PML boycotts poll, alleges rigging ..........Sanghar by-election: low turn out of voters at polling stations ..........Noorani alleges rigging ..........Dero denies rigging charges Karachi Carnage ..........Three Killed and two MQM terrorists arrested ..........MQM rejects offer to share power ..........Rockets fired at MQM(H) head quarters in Landhi ..........Murder of CMs brother: suspect arrested Opposition ..........PML stages walkout from Punjab PA ..........PML chief defends agreement with MQM ..........No accord reached with MQM says Nawaz ---------------------------------


Nisar claims loot sale of energy reserves WB proposal rejected: Govt not to privatise canal system Approved foreign exchange touches Rs50.8bn KSE 100-share index attains 1,500 - point mark Latest from the KSE: Stocks fail to extend rally ---------------------------------------


Independence of the judiciary - III Ardeshir Cowasjee Indias nuclear obsession Editorial Column Trade with India: addressing the fears Mohammad Ali Syed Zardari: The all-profit, no loss man in Islamabad Anjum Niaz World cup squad Editorial Column The real promoter of poverty Aftab Ahmed Ordeal at the airport Editorial Column -----------


PTV - PCB dispute settled; 1 - day final to be televised Zaman Gul clinches Asian squash after marathon fight Pakistan cruise into Asian squash final India defuse Pakistan to take 3rd spot in Sharjah Miandad included, Basit axed for World Cup =================================================================== DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS


Defection by Punjab MPAs
Bureau Report

LAHORE, Jan 14: The opposition will hand over to the Punjab Assembly 
speaker references against 11 of its legislators who are alleged to 
have changed their loyalties after being elected on PML tickets.
The speaker will be requested to forward these references to the Chief 
Election Commissioner for disqualification of the members concerned 
under the law.
The opposition legislators who have changed their loyalties have since 
been given various offices, and some of them have become ministers.
Those against whom references have been prepared include Chaudhry Ijaz 
Ahmed, Pir Ghulam Farid Chishti, Farrukh Javed Ghumman, Tariq Anees, 
Saleh Mohammad Ganjial, Rasool Bux Jatoi, Mansha Khan, Mian Javed 
Mumtaz Daultana and Mazhar Qureshi.

N-arms to worsen tension, US tells India

BOMBAY, Jan 12: The United States advised India against developing 
nuclear weapons, saying it would worsen regional tensions rather than 
enhance national security.
Pakistan has also expressed strong concern over the possibility of the 
country conducting a nuclear test, but Delhi says it has no such 
US ambassador to India Frank Wisner said in a speech to business 
leaders in Bombay that the United States was acting quickly to reduce 
its own nuclear arsenal following the end of the Cold War.
The United States recognised that India alone can determine its own 
security arrangements, he said. When it comes to the question of 
developing nuclear weapons, however, we believe that careful 
consideration will lead to the conclusion that, rather than enhancing 
national security, such a step will simply exacerbate regional 
tensions, provoke neighbouring countries into taking similar measures, 
and ultimately lead to greater instability, he said.
We hope instead that India will sustain its support for the 
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty that for so long has been a central 
element of its security policy, and that it will join us in pressing 
for an international agreement that will end the production of 
material needed to manufacture nuclear weapons, Mr Wisner added.
He also said, the United States wanted to see a prosperous and 
progressive India to help maintain global and regional security.

India to deploy Prithvi missile

NEW DELHI, Jan 16: India has decided to deploy its medium-range 
Prithvi missile soon, defence officials said, fuelling Western fears 
it could be used to deliver nuclear weapons against Pakistan.

A Defence Ministry spokesman said a proposed test firing of the 
surface-to-surface missile was postponed in Orissa because of 
technical difficulties. The exact reason for the postponement was not 

They said the Prithvi, capable of delivering nuclear warheads, would 
eventually be offered for export.

Younus Habib served with another charge-sheet
Staff Reporter

KARACHI, Jan 11: Muhammad Younus Habib, former chief operating officer 
of the Mehran Bank, was served with another charge- sheet by Israr 
Ali, public prosecutor of the Special Court for Offences in Banks.
The FIA, in the charge-sheet, claimed they had lodged an FIR on the 
basis of evidences and statements furnished by the 15 witnesses (eight 
belonging to the SBP, Karachi, and seven to the Mehran Bank, Karachi, 
and G. A. Jatoi, a sub-inspector of the FIA).
According to the prosecution, the MBL with the approval of Mr Habib, 
had obtained Rs. 19,500,000 on Feb. 23, 1994; Rs. 23,157,200 on Feb. 
28, 1994; Rs.18,830,460 on Feb. 28, 1994; and Rs.22,021,000 on March 
30, 1994, from the SBP, on Feb. 23, 1994, against a bogus 

Prisoners suffer unending trials
Mohammad Riaz

KARACHI, Jan 11: Sufferings of the under-trial prisoners knows no 
bounds. Every day scores of them shuttle between jails and the city 
courts in police vans which have all elements of a dungeon.
By the time they arrive at the court premises, they are in a bad 
shape. It seems they already have received their punishment. But there 
are more sufferings in store for them at the court premises where they 
must pass almost the whole day in lock-ups and trial rooms before 
returning to their prisons.
As their first ordeal  travelling from jails to courts  ends, the 
second begins when they are lodged in the lock-ups built in 1940 on 
the ground floor of the city courts. These lock-ups were originally 
meant for housing 100 prisoners, but now 200 to over 300 of them are 
lodged during trials. On Monday last 303 under-trial prisoners were 
huddled the four tiny rooms.
As many as 224 were brought from Central Jail, 48 from Landhi and 31 
from Borstal Jail. Before being ushered into the lock-ups these under-
trials had to go through an exercise at the back of the main iron gate 
where a cop writes their numbers and those of the vehicles detailed to 
fetch them daily from jails.
A single room can at best house 25 detainees, but generally over 100 
are pushed into it. A changed atmosphere, however, does not provide 
them a moments respite from the bane of their daily prison life.
Of the four rooms or lock-ups, one is occupied by the court police in 
which they keep their personal things, furniture and record-books. The 
second is used as a store for broken chairs, old clothes and other 
wastes. The third, which has an open toilet in one corner and a water 
tap in the opposite one, is perhaps meant for women detainees as a 
lone woman was seen squatting on its floor.
The fourth room was occupied, as mentioned above, by male prisoners.
Although the government is in the full knowledge of the situation, it 
has not yet, for reasons best known to it, made any effort to make it 
a place for human beings.
But there is one redeeming factor which takes much of the burden of 
the agonies off the mind of a prisoner. The court premises provide him 
with an opportunity to talk to a relative or two, though a small money 
is involved in this. That is, there are touts all around the premises 
who arrange a meeting between a detainee and his relatives when they 
are paid a small sum for this service.
Each detainee is allowed to have a lunch with his wife and children is 
charged Rs 20 by cops on guard duty, a detainee told Dawn.
Some detainees, sitting in the veranda, were heard speaking about 
human rights activists and NGOs who appear in media reports but have 
not yet found any time to visit the lock-ups to verify the hardships 
under-trial prisoners undergo daily.
Moreover, detainees have to suffer the agony of waiting. After a 
hearing is over, they have some time to wait for nothing till the 
sunset. They are kept in the lock-ups till the last of them is 
produced in the court.
This long wait hangs heavy on the prisoners as all of them are hand-
cuffed or in fetters.
Imran wants a lawyers body to look into hospital accounts
Bureau Report

LAHORE, Jan 12: Cricketer-turn-philanthropist Imran Khan has invited a 
local lawyer, Dr Basit, to constitute a committee, comprising members 
of the Lahore High Court Bar Association of his choice, to look into 
the accounts of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital.
If I or any member of my family is proved to have misused the 
hospital funds I would readily transfer all my property to Shaukat 
Khanum Memorial Trust and surrender myself for imprisonment and if the 
accounts are found to be correct, Mr Basit should compensate the trust 
for the Rs 50,000,000 loss caused to its 1995 Zakat campaign by his 
case in the Lahore High Court, he said while addressing a Press 
conference at the Lahore Press Club.

Mr Khan said the trust was being run by an independent board of 
governors, comprising people of integrity like former federal finance 
minister Syed Babar Ali, jurist Dr Pervaiz Hassan, industrialists 
Razzaq Daud and Tariq Shafi, banker Shaukat Tareen and Nawab Ashique 
Husain Qureshi, son of former Punjab chief minister Nawab Sadiq Husain 
Mr Khan said only five members of his family were among the governors 
of the hospital. He said it was not a family trust, as was being 
propagated by some quarters. It has been registered as a public trust 
with all the government organisations, he said.
During the year, an amount of Rs 76,989,446 was spent on 24,320 
patients while Rs 2,200,000 was collected from those patients who were 
able to pay for their treatment, he said.

Law enforcers harass passengers
Ghulam Hasnain

KARACHI, Jan 17: Air passengers arriving in the city at night are 
often exposed to hardships as some unscrupulous policemen on petrol 
who check their baggage have usually motives other than security.
Though harassment of air passengers, especially the overseas 
Pakistanis, is not a new phenomenon, the problem has magnified during 
recent months to such an extent that even the personnel of rangers and 
Frontier Constabulary, who are mainly deputised in the city to check 
terrorism, insist on carrying out a baggage search of the passengers.
A general monitoring of Quaid-i-Azam International Airport and the 
main Shahrea Faisal during nights and interviews with airport 
functionaries revealed that certain influential police officers, who 
allegedly enjoy political patronage, are running a major racket at the 
airport conning innocent overseas Pakistanis on one pretext or the 
other.  A passengers agony begins the moment he hires a yellow cab to 
go home.
Interviews with yellow cab drivers reveal that it is nearly impossible 
for any taxi driver to take passengers from the airport without the 
consent of airport police, because of which no taxi driver is ready to 
operate on the basis of fare meters.
As soon as a taxi leaves the parking lot, foot constables picketing a 
corner of the road will stop it and check the passengers baggage.
Once on Sharea Faisal, a passenger has to stop at several police 
pickets and on each occasion he has to explain his credentials and 
role out a few hundred rupees to save himself from the harassment.
The worst affected are those whose houses are located in the troubled 
localities of districts Central and East where even the personnel of 
Frontier Constabulary and rangers check their baggage, search their 
wallets and ask all sorts of questions.
They object even if a passenger is carrying only a single tape-
recorder and ask him to produce Customs receipts, although it is 
permitted under a passenger allowance.
An airport functionary told Dawn that recently the Airport police 
deployed some of its men right at the arrival and departure terminals 
on the pretext of keeping an eye on terrorists, but instead they 
indulge in all sorts of corrupt practices.
Another senior airport official told Dawn that in the last three 
months alone at least 12 overseas Pakistanis had reported that they 
were drugged and robbed of all their money at the airport, while an 
overseas Pakistani was kidnapped, looted and his body was thrown at 
the Clifton beach.
Though, policemen have been warned on several occasions by the high-
ups against harassing the passengers, the practice continues as the 
affected passengers are reluctant to lodge complaints.

Sanghar by-election : PPP wins NA seat by massive margin
Staff Reporter 

KARACHI, Jan 11: PPP candidate Senator Fida Hussain Dero won the 
Sanghar by-election, by securing 74,400 votes against his nearest 
rival PML candidate Islamuddin Qureshi who polled 17,112 votes, 
Shahdadpur Returning Officer Ghulam Mustafa Memon told Dawn by 

Senator Makhdoom Khaliquzzaman, the PPP (SB) candidate, bagged 9,462 
Our Correspondents add: Polling in Tando Adam city was smooth and 
peaceful with turnout as low as 20 to 25 per cent. A large number of 
voters complained that their names had not been included in the 
additional list. There was complete chaos and confusion among voters 
and in most of the polling stations even party workers were not 
available to guide them.
Political workers admitted that there was a lack of public response.
In Shahdadpur and adjoining areas, Shaheed Bhutto group of the PPP 
complained of attacks, harassment and kidnapping of their polling 
However, when journalists visited various polling stations in the 
Shahdadpur town and polling stations in the interior, no complaints 
about harassment were made by any of the polling agents.
During visits to various polling stations of Shahdadpur, Sinjhoro and 
in the villages, it was observed that the polling was going on at a 
snails pace and the people did not seem interested in the process.

PML boycotts poll, alleges rigging
Staff Correspondent  

HYDERABAD, Jan 11: The general secretary of Pakistan Muslim League, 
Sindh, Mr Zahid Rafiq Butt, PML candidate for (Sanghar-2) by-election, 
Haji Mohammad Islam Qureshi, and information secretary, Sindh, Mahfooz 
Yar Khan, while addressing a hurriedly called Press conference at the 
PML central election office at Shahdadpur at 3.50 pm on Thursday 
announced boycott of the by-election.
They accused the government and administration of worse type of 
rigging, harassment of voters and kidnapping of polling agents. They 
demanded of the chief election commissioner to order re-election under 
the direct supervision of Pakistan Army.
They said they also informed the PML chief, Mr Nawaz Sharif, and the 
election commissioner, Sindh, about the prevailing situation. They 
said finding no other via media, they had to announce the boycott of 
election with the consent of Mr Nawaz Sharif.
They said that at 80 polling stations, their polling agents were 
subjected to violence and were thrown out of the polling stations and 
added that thereafter it was only a one way traffic for the PPP 
candidate Senator Fida Hussain Dero.
They alleged that at 9.45 am when they visited the polling station of 
the village of Dida Hussain Dero, to their utter surprise, they saw 
that one ballot box had already been stuffed with votes.
They said that at polling station No. 141 at Soomar Faqir, the entire 
polling staff was thrown out at 2.25 pm and thereafter the ballot 
boxes were filled to capacity.
They claimed that they were in possession of a ballot book from serial 
number 19580 to 19720 which had already been stamped in favour of the 
PPP candidate.
The PML leaders complained that many election camps had been 
physically taken over by police and revenue department.
They alleged that at least 100 vehicles were snatched by the district 
administration and used for bringing the voters of Senator Dero.
They said Magsi force was also deployed along with police at various 
police stations while provincial minister Mohsin Shah Bukhari was 
giving directions to the polling staff.
They said at one ladies polling station, Pro-Zardari group resorted to 
firing and fractured the hand of a PML polling agent.

Sanghar by-election : Low turn out of voters at polling stations
Aziz Malik and M.H. Khan  

SANGHAR, Jan 11: The much trumpeted by-election for Sanghar proved to 
be much ado about nothing. Confusion, extremely low turn-out of 
voters, complaints about massive rigging, show of force by police, 
alleged harassment of voters by the PPP candidate and, above all, an 
eleventh-hour boycott of election by the PML were the hallmarks of the 
The Shaheed Bhutto group of the PPP also complained of attacks, 
harassment and kidnapping of their polling agents. However, when a 
group of journalists visited various polling stations in the 
Shahdadpur town and polling stations in the interior, no complaints 
about harassment were made by any of the polling agents.
They alleged that the state machinery was working as the agent of PPP 
candidate, Sen Fida Hussain Dero.
During visits to various polling stations of Shahdadpur, Sinjhoro and 
in the villages, it was observed that the polling was going on at a 
snails pace and the people did not seem interested in the process.
The presiding officers appeared confused about the polling timings as 
they had not been given any written orders in this respect. Some of 
them stated that the polling hours were between 8.30am and 4.30pm, 
while others maintained that it would continue from 8 to 4. And yet 
others said they had been given verbal instructions to conduct the 
polling from 9am to 4pm.
At the polling station 130 in the Maqsood Rind Government Primary 
School, only 175 votes had been cast out of 1,200 till 11.30am. No 
Muslim League agent was present at this polling station, and there 
were only 14 voters around. The situation at other polling stations 
was much the same.

A provincial PML leader, Shah Mohammad Shah, talking to these 
correspondents at the partys Sinjhoro office, alleged that women 
polling agents of his party had been picked up and the solid PML 
voters were being harassed. He said a magistrate had forcibly picked 
up PML polling agents from Dhani Bux Marh Deh 19, 26 and 27, and that 
bogus votes were cast at Chak 25.

Noorani alleges rigging
Staff Reporter

KARACHI, Jan 14: Maulana Shah Ahmed Noorani, the chief of Jamiat 
Ulema-i-Pakistan and Chairman of Milli Yekjehti Council (MYC), alleged 
unprecedented rigging in Sanghar by-election by the government.

He said the Turkish prime minister and former Indian premier the late 
Indira Gandhi had accepted their defeat in elections but the PPP 
leadership wants to cling to power at all cost.

Dero denies rigging charges

KARACHI, Jan 14: Fida Hussain Dero, MNA-elect from NA-Sanghar-II, said 
that PPP was the symbol of federation and people proved this by voting 
for the PPP in the recent bye-election.
In a statement, he said those who voted for him included Sindhi, 
Punjabi and Urdu speaking people, as well as even the disciples of Pir 
Saheb Pagaro. He criticised the PML for not accepting the election 
The constituency, he said, had all along been that of PPP, starting 
from 1988 elections, when PPPs Shahnawaaz Junejo received a landslide 
victory, in one-to-one fight. Except for 1990s rigged elections and 
winning by a few hundreds margin by Jam Mashooq in the 1993 
elections, the masses have solidly been behind the party, he said.
However, if the PML (N) had any concrete evidence of any 
irregularity, the legal course was to approach the Election 
Commission, Mr. Dero said. The MNA-elect said levelling of such an 
allegation was unfair and unfortunate.

Three Killed and two MQM terrorists arrested

KARACHI: Gulbahar Police have arrested two alleged terrorists of Altaf 
Group and recovered arms and ammunition from their possession after an 
encounter, while 10 other alleged terrorists fled. In another incident 
three people, including an MQM activist, were killed.
According to police sources, the SHO Gulbahar, along with a police 
mobile, was on patrol duty, when he received information that a gang 
of 12 armed terrorists had intentions of carrying out terrorist 
The police chased and arrested two accused, Iqbal Ghauri and 
Shujauddin while 10 others escaped. Accused Iqbal Ghauri was wanted in 
12 cases of murder and terrorism-related incidents, whereas accused 
Shujauddin was wanted in five cases of murder and dacoity.
Among those dead a young MQM worker was killed in an alleged gunbattle 
with the police in Sharifabad. The police initially identified him as 
Nisar, an associate of Naeem Sherri but later claimed that he was yet 
to be identified.

MQM rejects offer to share power
Staff Reporter

KARACHI, Jan 12: MQM coordination committee rejected Prime Minister 
Benazir Bhuttos fresh offer of power-sharing as a move to deceive 
international public opinion.
The committee reiterated its charges against the ruling PPP and said: 
How can we trust when the PPP does not recognise the mandate of the 
Mohajirs and has kept most of our elected members under custody and is 
subjecting them to torture.
The committee castigated the government for allegedly arresting 
unspecified number of MQM activists in false cases and denying the 
party free and fair political activity.
It said that the government allegations that the MQM was allegedly 
recruiting terrorists from Bangladesh was aimed at preventing the 
repatriation of stranded Pakistanis in that country.
The coordination committee contended that the MQM had no interest in 
power-sharing, but it is determined to continue the struggle for the 
rights of 20 million Mohajirs.

Rockets fired at MQM(H) headquarters in Landhi
Staff Reporter

KARACHI, Jan 17: Dozens of unidentified armed men attacked the MQM 
Haqiqi headquarters in Landhi using rockets and automatic weapons.
The attackers who came in several vehicles carried out the attack from 
three sides. They are reported to have fired at least six rocket-
propelled grenades at the Haqiqi main office, but the rockets struck 
and damaged neighbouring houses instead.
Till the filing of this report, it was not clear how many people were 
wounded in the attack. Heavy shooting damaged KESCs pole-mounted 
transformers plunging the affected area into darkness.
Haqiqi chief Afaq Ahmed Khan accused the MQM-A and its militants of 
the attack and alleged that it was carried out on the orders of self-
exiled chief Altaf Hussain.

Murder of CMs brother: suspect arrested
Staff Reporter

KARACHI, Jan 15: One of the four MQM activists, who had allegedly 
gunned down the Sindh Chief Ministers younger brother, Syed Ihsan Ali 
Shah, on Nov. 23, was arrested, the police chief claimed.
The Deputy Inspector-General of Police, Mr Shoaib Suddle, told newsmen 
that his force had arrested an MQM activist who had admitted killing 
the Chief Ministers brother.
The suspect was identified as Syed Yureed Shah. Giving assassination 
details, the city police chief said There were no personal reasons 
behind the murder. The (CMs brother) was killed because he related to 
the Chief Minister.
During initial interrogation, the suspect told police that they were 
asked by the party (MQM) to carry out rocket attacks in the city and 
they were waiting for a date to launch the attack.

He told a questioner that all information was voluntarily provided by 
Yureed and at no stage he was tortured. He also went on to say that 
during initial interrogation Yureed had admitted killing at least half 
a dozen people, including a retired a police officer and policeman on 
Dec. 31 last.

PML stages walkout from Punjab PA
Bureau Report

LAHORE, Jan 11: The opposition staged a token walkout from the Punjab 
Assembly to protest against deputy speaker Manzoor Mohals refusal to 
admit a resolution denouncing the alleged attempt on the life of 
Nawaz Sharif in Hala.
Deputy opposition leader Parvez Elahi rose to read out the text of the 
resolution minutes before the house was to begin a debate on the state 
of jails in the province, claiming that the administration was 
involved in the attack.
Punjab law minister Afzal Hayat opposed the resolution, saying the 
treasury benches did not agree with the PMLs contention. He believed 
that only a unanimous resolution could be tabled in the house 
according to the rules of business, but did not quote any rule in 
support. The PMLs Tabish Alwari challenged him to quote the rules.
Mr Alwari asserted that the opposition wished to point out the 
lawlessness in the country through its resolution. The situation has 
reached a point where even an ex-prime minister is attacked.
The chair assigned ministers Rana Ikram Rabbani and Shahnawaz Cheema 
to convince the opposition to return to the house, but the session had 
to be adjourned for 15 minutes before the PML members came back to 
participate in the discussion on the state of jails.

PML chief defends agreement with MQM
Bureau Report

LAHORE, Jan 12: Opposition leader in the National Assembly Mian Nawaz 
Sharif has said that recent agreement between his party, PML, and MQM 
will go a long way in bringing peace to Karachi.
He said Prime Minister Benazir Bhuttos objections to the agreement 
were unfounded as her government was given about two years (by the 
opposition) to strike a deal with MQM leadership to settle the Karachi 
issue. It is only after the failure of the government to negotiate 
with MQM in two years that the PML has taken the initiative and 
attempted to understand MQM leaderships point of view on the long 
unresolved Karachi issue. Our efforts should be applauded instead of 
being criticised, he said.
Accusing the PPP government of hatching a conspiracy to divide Sindh 
and rule, Mr Sharif said that even Murtaza Bhutto, Ms Benazirs 
brother, had accused her of following such a policy to widen 
differences between Sindhis and Mohajirs.
My party wants to save the country from further division and is 
committed to find amicable solutions of deep rooted problems, 
specially in Sindh. The agreement with MQM will serve as a bridge to 
bring people of Sindh on one platform and think in unison to make 
Pakistan a prosperous nation, Mr Sharif said.
Reacting sharply on losing the Sanghar by-poll, Nawaz Sharif alleged 
mass scale rigging by the ruling party.

No accord reached with MQM, says Nawaz
Azizullah Sharif

KARACHI, Jan 17: Leader of the opposition Mian Nawaz Sharif said that 
the PML and the MQM had neither signed any political accord nor had 
they entered into an electoral alliance.

The mere issuance of a joint communiqui does not mean that some 
agreement has been reached, even the issue of an electoral alliance 
did not figure in my meeting with MQM chief, the former premier 
However, we were of considered opinion that as long as Benazir Bhutto 
remains in power, neither the Karachi issue will be resolved, nor the 
country can be taken out of the prevailing crisis, he said, adding 
whosoever wanted to oust Benazir was not the enemy of Pakistan.



960116 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Nisar claims loot sale of energy reserves ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, Jan 15: Former federal petroleum minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan has appealed to the president to prevent the loot sale of over half of the countrys total energy reserves to the Hashoo Group, headed by Sadruddin Hashwani. The PML leader released what he claimed were details of the almost finalised proposal which would enable the Hashoo Group to purchase 63.9 per cent share holding of Burmah Oil Company (BOC) in Pakistan Petroleum Limited (PPL), which also owns Pakistans most important gasfield at Sui. The BOC has been trying for the past three years to sell its shares because of diversification into other sectors but it requires a no- objection certificate from the government before it sells its shares to a particular party. But, as pointed out by Chaudhry Nisar, the transaction is not as straight forward as the government would like to portray. According to the proposal, he said, the BOC would sell off its entire share holding in the PPL to a giant Australian company, the BHP, which in turn would sell them to the Hashoo Group in lieu of the BOC selling BHP 8.5 per cent of its share holding in the Qadirpur gas field, while a 7 per cent share holding in the same field would be passed on by the PPL as well. The BHP would, therefore, have a 15.5 per cent share in the Qadirpur gas field and thus enjoy a pre-emptive right to acquire Qadirpur, when the government privatises its 70 per cent shares. In other words, he said, BHP is literally taking an openly official commission of a 15.5 per cent stake in the countrys energy reserves for playing a front-man for the Hashoo Group. Could there be a bigger blatant example of corruption. Nisar charged that the planned privatisation of Qadirpur gas field too was a violation of an earlier cabinet decision wherein it had been decided that no discovered gas field, owned by the government, would be privatised. He said that the Qadirpur field had not even been evaluated while even by the most conservative estimates its recoverable reserves stood at about four trillion cubic feet with an estimated value of about US$5 billion while the field had contributed Rs400 million to the national exchequer in 1994 alone. Opposing the privatisation of any of the gas fields he pointed out that put together, the fields of Qadirpur, Sui and Kandkot had given a revenue of Rs7 billion in 1994-5 alone. Quoting from what he said were the minutes of the last meeting of the Economic Committee of the Cabinet, Chaudhry Nisar claimed that the proposal was approved at that meeting. He said: The item was not even on the days agenda but was hushed in at the last minute and gotten passed despite the on-record objections of various other ministries whereas the ministry of finance was not even represented in that meeting. The shear manner of the passage of this proposal too, in his opinion, betrayed the presence of naked corruption. He maintained that it was highly risky to hand over 50 per cent of the countrys natural gas to a single company which has only been in the business for a little over a year and has no real standing or experience. The former minister alleged that instead of adopting the standard method of inviting open offers for such a deal the government had silently negotiated with only one party on totally unacceptable terms, for obvious reasons. He called upon President Leghari to prevent the bartering away of Pakistans economic and Strategic interests. Acknowledging, that earlier also a presidential intervention had blocked the sale of OGDC for a song, he added that this is an even more serious issue which demanded the presidents personal intervention. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960114 ------------------------------------------------------------------- WB proposal rejected : Govt not to privatise canal system ------------------------------------------------------------------- Mahmood Zaman LAHORE, Jan 13: The federal government is said to have turned down a World Bank proposal for privatising of the countrys irrigation system. But at the same time it has approved the concept of decentralisation of the system and participatory irrigation management under the National Drainage Project (NDP) which will be undertaken in a few canal command areas on an experimental basis. The six-year project will involve a cost of about $785 million, out of which the World Bank and other donor agencies have promised to invest $525 million. Work on the project is due to commence in July this year and is expected to be completed by June 30, 2001. Of this fund, the Asian Development Bank has earmarked $140 million and the Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund of Japan will contribute $100 million. The remaining cost will be shared by the federal government, which is to provide an amount of $162 million, and provincial governments, $66 million. As has been agreed between the federal and provincial governments and the World Bank, the provincial irrigation departments will transfer management of water to provincial irrigation and drainage authorities (PIDAs) which will come into effect from July 1. Under the authorities, area water boards (AWBs), on the pattern of area electricity boards in WAPDA, will be set up for the management of irrigation water. Water rates, according to the World Bank proposal, should not be uniform. They should be settled on negotiations between AWBs and water-user groups. Consensus on decentralisation of the irrigation system was reached. While there is general agreement on most of the details of the revised scheme, the federal and provincial governments have opposed the World Bank suggestion that PIDAs, AWBs and water-user formations be registered as limited companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1984. The government is of the view that this would amount to privatisation of the system which is not on the agenda. The government may, however, agree to these bodies being regulated under the Corporate Law Authority as autonomous enterprises having the power to negotiate water rates with users. According to official sources, the World Bank was of the view that two-thirds of the existing staff was in excess or did not qualify to be associated with PIDAs and AWBs. It has set a three- year deadline for absorption of the employees in other departments. As for PIDAs and AWBs, the World Bank has recommended that they should engage consultants, to be selected in cooperation with the Bank, to prepare detailed staffing and business plans so that the two bodies achieve financial self-sufficiency in three years. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960113 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Approved foreign exchange touches Rs 50.8bn ------------------------------------------------------------------- THE State Bank of Pakistan through the sale of government treasury bills at its open market operation mopped up Rs 1.95 billion. Reportedly the Central Bank sold Rs 850 million worth of TBs in the outright sale of TBs and an additional Rs 1.1 billion worth of TBs were sold in repos. Call rates ranged between 13-17 per cent. Liquidity in the market will get tighter as non-bank financial institutions deposit one percent of their deposits as cash margin on zero rate of return with the State Bank of Pakistan. As a direct consequence, banks normally doing REPO transactions with non-banks to square off their daily position, will be faced with higher rates on borrowing from NBFIs. According to the weekly State Bank statement of affairs for the week ended January 4, 1996, notes in circulation continued the downward trend and fell by a further Rs 3168.07 million. Notes declined to Rs 243,404.706 million during the week from Rs 246,572.775 million a week earlier. In the corresponding week last year notes in circulation amounted to Rs 215,766.240 million. Thus the current weeks figure was higher by Rs 27,638.47 million over the last years. In the corresponding week a year earlier, notes issued amounted to Rs 216,038.568 million. So the figure of the current week was higher by Rs 27,778.49 million over last years figure. Approved foreign exchange nearly doubled, as it rose to Rs 50,530.862 million over previous weeks Rs 25,949.056 million, a rise of Rs 24,581.80 million. When compared to last years figure of Rs 78,087.217 million the foreign exchange position was however, lowered by Rs 27,556.36 million. Balances held outside Pakistan including cash and short-term securities which had fallen in the last week of December, showed a further substantial fall. Advances to the industrial sector amounted to Rs 8,660.422 million showing a fall of Rs 94.11 million over preceding weeks Rs 8,754.527 million. In the corresponding period last year, advances to the sector amounted to Rs 9,325.717 million. The week also saw a rise in the credit flow to the export sector. Advances to the sector increased by Rs 209.24 million at Rs 32,536.931 million over Rs 32.327.689 million a week earlier. In the corresponding period a year ago, the advances to the sector amounted to Rs 28,059.975 million. The scheduled banks statement of position for the week ended December 28, 1995 shows that total liabilities continued to grow. Total deposits rose by Rs 9588 million at Rs 726,126 million over Rs 716,538 million in the preceding week. When compared with the corresponding period of last year when total liabilities amounted to Rs 651,312 million, the current weeks figure was higher by Rs 74,814 million. Both type of deposits, namely demand and time deposits rose during the week under review. Time liabilities also increased in the week as compared with the previous weeks level. These rose by Rs 6137 million at Rs 387,406 million over preceding weeks Rs 381,269 million. They were higher by Rs 47,026 million over the deposits of Rs 340,380 million in the same period a year earlier. The need to borrow from banks abroad which had declined a week earlier, showed a rise during the week under review. These rose by Rs 867 million at Rs 15,272 million over Rs 14,405 million a week earlier. In the corresponding period a year ago, borrowings from banks abroad totalled Rs 13,533 million. Total assets of scheduled banks amounted to Rs 1,692,933 million over preceding weeks Rs 1,737,814 million showing a fall of Rs 44,881 million. In the corresponding week last year, assets amounted to Rs 1,562,311 million. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960117 ------------------------------------------------------------------- KSE 100-share index attains 1,500-point mark ------------------------------------------------------------------- Commerce Reporter KARACHI, Jan 16: The Karachi Stock Exchange index of 100-share attained the coveted mark of 1,500 points but some analysts doubted its ability to sustain it at least for the near-term. The KSE 100-share price index was last quoted at 1,500.94 as compared to 1,491.02 a day earlier, reflecting the strength of base shares. The market was largely shared by blue chips on all the counters under the lead of pivotals such as Siemens, Shell Pakistan, Crescent Textiles, Fauji Fertiliser, and BOC Pakistan, which posted gains ranging from one rupee to Rs 12.67. The biggest rise was noted in BOC, which was quoted ex-dividend and ex-bonus. The notable feature was that some of the low-priced textile shares came in for active short-covering and ended sharply higher under the lead of Taha Spinning and Lafayette Textiles, which rose by Rs 5 and 4.50. Insurance shares were also traded sharply higher on renewed support aided by news of higher interim earnings. Century Insurance, EFU General, Habib and Metro Life Insurance were leading gainers amid active trading. Other gainers were led by ICP Mutual funds followed by Century Paper. UDL Industries, Soneri and Metropolitan Banks, rising by one rupee to Rs 10. Selling was largely confined to Asset Bank, which has risen sharply overnight, Shafiq Textiles, Dewan Salman, National Fibre, PEL, Pakistan Refinery. KASB & Co, Pakistan Gum and Lever Brothers, which suffered decline ranging from Rs 2 to 7. Hub-Power topped the list of most actives, up 65 paisa on 8.212 million shares followed by PTC vouchers, easy five paisa on 3.716 million shares, Sitara Energy, steady 10 paisa on 550,000 shares, Faysal Bank, lower five paisa on 391,700 shares, Metro Life Insurance, higher Rs 1.70 on 336,000 shares. Other actives were led by Lucky cement, easy 50 paisa on 306,600 shares, ICI Pakistan, lower 20 paisa on 250,600 shares, Ibarhim Fibre, off 35 paisa on 235,000 shares and Fauji Fertiliser, higher Rs 2.85 on 579,500 shares. Trading volume was maintained at the overnight level of well over 21 million shares thanks to active dealings in pivotals. There were 346 actives, out of which 131 shares rose, while 130 fell with 85 remaining pegged at the last close. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960118 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest from KSE : Stocks fail to extend rally ------------------------------------------------------------------- Commerce Reporter KARACHI, Jan 17: Stocks failed to extend the last three sessions improvement as a section of leading dealers took profits at the higher levels fearing larger fall at the weekend session. The Karachi Stock Exchange index of share prices, again breached the resistance level of 1,500 points and was last quoted at 1,497.08 as compared to 1,501.05 a day earlier. Most of the insurance shares remained in active demand on news of higher interim earnings and were quoted sharply higher under the lead of Century, EFU and Union Insurance, which posted gains ranging from Rs 2 to 3.50. Most of the MNCs also showed fresh good gains on active follow-up support and were marked up by Rs 2 to 5 for Exide Pakistan, BOC Pakistan, Engro Chemicals, Nestle Milkpak, Reckitt and Colman and Lever Brothers. Among the local blue chips, which rose appreciably most of the ICP Mutual funds, notably the second and the 5th. KASB & Co, Prime Bank, and Crescent Steel were leading and so did some of the textile shares. Losses on the other hand were mostly fractional barring PSO, Dewan Salman, PEL Appliance, Attock Refinery, Telecard, Pakistan Gum Bata, and Packages, falling by one rupee to 3. Other prominent losers were led by Askari Leasing, Adamjee Insurance, Dadabhoy Insurance, and Kohinoor Industries, falling by one rupee to Rs 4. Hub-Power topped the list of most actives, easy 20 paisa on 6.050 million shares followed by PTC shares, lower 15 paisa on 5.812 million shares, both were heavily traded in kerb also, Lucky Cement, up 45 paisa on 0.552 million shares, and Sitara Energy, lower 10 paisa on 0460 million shares. Other actively traded shares were led by ICI Pakistan, off 75 paisa on 0.460 million shares, Faysal Bank, lower five paisa on 0.310 million shares, Metro Life Insurance, off 65 paisa on 0.231 million shares, and Fauji Fertiliser, off 60 paisa on 0.375m shares and LTV Modaraba, steady five paisa on 0.146m shares. Traded volume fell to 19.873 million shares from 21.056 million shares. There were 371 actives, out of which 174 shares fell, while 113 rose, with 84 holding on to the last levels. DAWNFacts*DAWNFacts*DAWNFacts*DAWNFacts*DAWNFacts*DAWNFacts*DAWNFacts* DAWN FACTS Another first from the DAWN Group of Newspapers --- the people who brought you the first on-line newspaper from Pakistan --- comes DAWN Facts, a new and powerful Fax-on-Demand service, the first service of its kind in Pakistan, giving you access to a range of information and services. Covering all spheres of life, the service arms you with facts to guide you through the maze of life, corporate and private, in Pakistan. With information on the foreign exchange rates, stock market movements, the weather and a complete entertainment guide, DAWN Facts is your one- stop source of information. DAWN Facts is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week! 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960112 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Independence of the judiciary-III ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ardeshir Cowasjee THE judiciary shall (repeat shall) be separated progressively from the Executive within three years from the commencing day..., loudly and proudly proclaimed the 1973 Constitution promulgated by our first civilian martial law administrator, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, during whose reign dissent could at best be voiced by silence or recorded by abstention. The promulgator deluded the people. He had no intention of abiding by his promulgation, for within four hours of the birth of our Constitution, under cover of the State of Emergency which ruled supreme (until overtaken by Zias martial law in July 1977), the people were denied the fundamental rights and freedoms that had been guaranteed to them. Thereafter, the promulgator, suspending the rules of procedure, saw to it that seven constitutional amendment bills, affecting mainly the liberties of the people and injuring the judiciary, were rushed through the National Assembly without any meaningful deliberation or discussion. Let us look at the Third Amendment, passed on February 18, 1975. Inter alia, it empowered the government to detain a man without trial for a period of three months instead of one month as originally provided. The grounds on which he could be held were enlarged to include anything that in the opinion of the government was tantamount to anti- national activities or was prejudicial to the integrity, security or defence of Pakistan  activities ranging from the alleged theft of a buffalo to the voicing of dissent. The Fourth Amendment (November 25, 1975), inter alia, enlarged the scope of preventive laws and further restricted what little freedom of association we then had. It deprived the High Courts of their power to grant bail to any person detained under any preventive detention law and to prohibit the making of executive orders for detention. The Fifth Amendment (September 15, 1976), inter alia, extended the period of the separation of the judiciary from the executive from three to five years, thus bringing the deadline to August 1978. It also fixed a tenure of five and four years respectively for the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court and the High Courts (favouring those in favour). It prohibited the High Courts, in the case of preventive detentions, from restraining the detention of a person, from granting bail before arrest, or from ordering the release of a person on bail. The Sixth Amendment (January 4, 1977) allowed the Chief Justices of the Supreme and High Courts to hold office for tenures of five and four years respectively, even though they may have attained the retirement ages of 65 and 62. This was tailor-made to suit Justice Yaqub Ali so as to allow him to continue in office beyond retirement age. The good judge had publicly paid glowing tributes to Bhutto on December 8, 1976: I can say from personal knowledge, he observed in his address to the Third Pakistan Jurists Conference, that the Prime Minister by conviction has great respect for the judiciary from the lowest to the highest rung. (Dawn December 9, 1976) Within three weeks, Bhuttos respect, at least at the highest rung, found expression in the Sixth Amendment Act amending the Fifth. All this happened when Yahya Bakhtiar was Attorney-General, the first law officer of the land. (Reportedly daughter Benazirs government will be represented by the same Yahya when the hearing of the present Judges Case resumes in the Supreme Court on January 21). Then in rode Zia, mounted on martial law (Martial law is no law at all. Martial law is brute force. Of course, all martial law is illegal, and an attempt to introduce illegalities into martial law, which is not military law, is like attempting to add salt water to the sea. Churchill, 1906). Zia introduced the PCO in March 1981 and finished off whatever independence the judiciary had been left with. Two judges of the Supreme Court refused to take the oath  Chief Justice Anwarul Haq and Justice Dorab Patel. Their example was followed by Ad Hoc Judge Fakhruddin Ebrahim. Had all the judges of the superior courts stood firm and refused to take the oath, Zia would have backed down. As a sop, by his Presidential Order No. 14 of 1985, he extended the period for the separation of the judiciary to 14 years, to August 1987. Zias principal legal adviser was my friend Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada. My efforts to make him write the truth as he knows it (naturally for posthumous publication) have so far been unsuccessful. On February 1, 1988, Federal Minister for Law and Parliamentary Affairs Waseem Sajjad made a passing reference to the separation of the judiciary from the administration, by his own admission obligatory under the Constitution. We are at it, said he, sorting out prerequisites. Our assorted governments have now been at it for 22 years. Is the present government still sorting out prerequisites? We have never been informed what these time-consuming prerequisites may be, but it would seem that in the case of the separation of the judiciary from the executive (and in many other cases) all our governments have found themselves in the same predicament as Alices Queen: it took her all the running she could do to keep herself in the same place. The only advice we can give to this government is that it should try to run twice as fast in order to advance by one step, in spite of the fact that by now, the people are convinced that no government of ours can afford to have an independent judiciary. Now, 22 years down the road, with Benazir as prime minister for the second time, crime and lawlessness is on the rise, especially in Karachi where many police stations (as admitted by none other than the President) are sold to the highest bidder or the prime favourite. Our government was recently diplomatically chastised by the US State Department: We are deeply concerned by the escalating cycle of violence in Karachi and particularly by the sharp increase in reported extra-judicial killings, extortion and custodial deaths by security forces. (Dawn December 13, 1995). Our governments sole reaction was to term this as interference in our internal affairs, and in a strongly worded statement admitting that action has been taken where there have been police excesses. The strong statement may have made the US shiver and shake with fright but it did not make it retract what had been said, and it has certainly made no difference to what is on the ground. The suffering and anxiety of the people have not lessened. Does this government not realise that extra-judicial killings and police excesses only tend to further increase the lawlessness and terrorism, the unruly claiming the right to act as does the government? Worse still, the judiciary has been politicised and weakened as never before. Three of our four High Courts are presided over by Acting Chief Justices, who sit at the governments whim and fancy. Most disturbing is the manner in which Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah of Pakistan (along with his family) is being intimidated and pressured to appoint judges of the governments choice and to act against his better judgment and will. The people and the Press have voiced their resentment and the executive has been editorially condemned. The Law Reforms Committee of the Pakistan Bar Council has passed a resolution and has ...strongly condemned all acts of harassment and views these as brazen attacks on the independence of the judiciary. Salahuddins Takbeer (4-11 January) under the heading Chief Justice victim of PPP vengeance reports that the CJs nephew and son-in-law Pervaiz Ali Shah, a Sindh provincial service engineer who has been arbitrarily suspended from service, was officially sent for by Chief Minister Abdullah Shah and it was conveyed to him that it would be in the interest of the family if his father-in-law were to toe the line. A cattle rustlers move, if one may say so. Abdullah Shah also called on the CJ in Rawalpindi, as did many times Defence Minister Aftab Shahban Mirani. Benazirs discussion with the CJ, with her spouse interposing, as reported by Takbeer makes sad reading. Can our young Prime Minister not be persuaded to avail herself of wise counsel? She would do well to read what that angry Chief Justice of Sindh, Tufail Ali Abdul Rehman, wrote to her father in 1973 when his government arrested Judge Owais of Sanghar and handcuffed and maltreated him: I have so far refrained from such action as lay within my authority but would now venture to suggest that two steps are immediately necessary: (1) that an inquiry under the Public Inquiries Act be held by a judge of the High Court, who should be appointed in consultation with me, to determine the circumstances which led to this arrest, and (2) that the Government of Sindh should give me a satisfactory assurance that anybody who I post as District Judge in Sanghar or elsewhere will not be harassed or victimised. If, however, you are not persuaded that these courses are necessary I shall have to take such steps as may be proper and lie within my power. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960114 ------------------------------------------------------------------- India's nuclear obsession ------------------------------------------------------------------- Editorial Column This is no coincidence that first Canada and now the United States have voiced concern over the threat posed by India's bloated nuclear ambitions to South Asia's security situation and political stability. Indeed, there are clear indications that major Western nations are genuinely alarmed by reports that India, which conducted its first nuclear explosion in 1974, may be about to carry out another test. New Delhi's denial notwithstanding, the reports can no longer be regarded as merely speculative. Washington has even warned New Delhi of possible economic and other sanctions in the event of a new test explosion. This it did shortly after satellite monitoring indicated preparations for a new nuclear test. Mr Jean Chretien, urged his Indian counterpart not to delay the signing of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT). Earlier, reports from Ottowa had indicated that Mr Chretien had sought - and possibly secured- assurances from New Delhi that it was not on the verge of a new nuclear test explosion, and threatened to call off his visit in case India went ahead with its plans. Mr Chretien did not mince his words when, talking to Indian newsmen at the President's House in New Delhi, he said that India had no option but to sign the NPT and that it was no longer a question of New Delhi accepting or not accepting the treaty. A day after the Canadian prime minister's statement, the US ambassador in India, while addressing businessmen in Bombay, expressed the view that India's planned nuclear arsenal would in no sense add to its own security and would, on the contrary, heighten tensions in the region. The ambassador even disclosed that the US was maintaining a "candid and regular dialogue" with New Delhi - which seemed to suggest that Washington was actively pursuing a policy to dissuade New Delhi from its perilous path of building a nuclear arsenal. Without doubt, once New Delhi went full steam ahead with its nuclear weapons programme, it would mark the beginning of a nuclear arms race in the region. India's real or rationally perceived security needs do not justify such an arsenal. Indeed, the real reason for its nuclear ambition could be seen in the context of its potential as an instrument of blackmail to be used against India's neighbours, especially Pakistan. To add to the tensions generated by the spy satellites having detected preparations for a nuclear explosion in Pokhran, there have also been reports that India has threatened to renege on its commitment to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), due later this year, hoping to drive a bargain for extracting certain concessions, notably a permanent seat in the Security Council and the recognition of its status as a nuclear power. One hopes that major powers, such as the US, would not hesitate to use all political, diplomatic and economic means to leave India in no doubt that they would not yield to such blackmail. There are strong indications that India's prime minister P.V. Narasimha Rao may have decided to raise the threshold of his country's nuclear capability with an eye on the forthcoming general elections, when the Congress would be pitted against the Hindu fundamentalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) whose manifesto calls for a full-fledged nuclear weapons; programme. Since September last, several Indian- leaders and officials have made statements stressing the need for India to link the CTBT to the larger question of global nuclear disarmament and not to accept it in the limited context of a non- proliferation regime. In view of the American warning of sanctions in the event of a second test explosion in Pokhran, the BJP has been demanding that India deliver a "fitting reply" to Washington by going ahead with the planned test. Hawks in India present the issue as a test of India's sovereignty and ability to stand up to external pressure. New Delhi must realise that such brinkmanship would not only escalate the nuclear competition in South Asia but would also turn into an international pariah divested of the position of respect and influence it covets to occupy in the council of nations. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960112 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Trade with India: addressing the fears ------------------------------------------------------------------- Mohammad Ali Syed THE issue of granting the MFN status to India has prompted an intense dialogue. Perhaps, we have woken at last up to the changing realities of the world and we are ready to make a firm decision about the future of our nation based on enlightened self-interest. Are Pakistan and India doomed by history to be perpetually locked in self-destructive hostility (like two scorpions in a bottle), or is there hope that one day we can work together in close cooperation to solve the multi- dimensional problems of our two great peoples (like USA and former USSR)? The current "MFN status" discussions are coloured by an incorrect perception of international trade and its effects on the economy. There is a desire to have an even balance of trade with India. In simple terms, those who oppose trade with India are scared that we will be importing more from India than we will be exporting to it; and thus be dreadfully dependent on it. Although the specifics of determining accurately the economic consequences of trade with India are better left (not surprisingly) to the economists, a little clarification about the basic nature of international trade would help clear thinking about the issue. What people seem to forget is that India is not the only other country in the world. Pakistan trades with many countries, having diverse import and export relations with them. Though it is desirable that we maintain a roughly even aggregate trade balance (determined after adding total exports and total imports to and from all trading partners), it is not even worth considering equalling exports with imports to an individual country. If we, as a result of granting MFN status to India, end up importing more from India than we export to it, there is nothing stopping us from exporting more to other countries and thus making up for any imbalance that may occur. Also, increasing imports from India means that our imports from some of our other trading partners will fal1, as we find cheaper substitutes coming in from India. So, if we have a higher ratio of imports (to exports) from India, we will have a lower ratio of imports (to exports) with other countries. The overall picture will not be adversely affected. In fact, if we find cheaper goods coming in from India, we gain by consuming at a lower price (or consuming more) and also, by moving resources away from sectors in which we are relatively inefficient to sectors where we possess comparative advantage in production. If we are inefficient at producing a certain commodity, it would only be wiser for us to import it if it is available cheaply from India, and concentrate in producing those commodities which we are good at producing. By specialising in production of commodities which we excel at producing, we can drive down their prices and thereby increase our exports of those products, as more countries will find them affordable. The fears of our "dependency" (on India), arising out of a negative trade balance, are the result of a very naive and simplistic view of the world. If there is any dependency in Pakistan on Indian imports, then there is an equal dependency in India for the revenues that their exports to us contribute to their economy. The close proximity of our two nations make trade very convenient and once a stable pattern has been established, both trading partners would be averse to drastic changes. This was the economic side. There is a political aspect too. Our governments have been in the constant search for ways and means to expand and perpetuate their dominance, mostly at the expense of national well being. I contend that our governments have never sincerely tried to mend our relations with India because it has been very convenient for them to keep India alive as a scapegoat, to put the blame on whenever their pathetic domestic policies are questioned. The same has been the record for Indian governments. When it has been proven beyond doubt that trade among nations is beneficial to the welfare of the people, and that petty politics must not be allowed to interfere with free-trade patterns, our politicians still continue to be wary of allowing trade relations between India and Pakistan to flourish. I do not say that we must not help Kashmiri Muslims in their fight against oppression, but that we must explore new and realistic solutions. If we give up hostilities now and take effective measures to strengthen our economy and build our prestige in the world, we can then more effectively help the Kashmiris. Persisting in militaristic endeavours will not help the nation in any respect. The basis of our support for Kashmir is the affinity we feel for our Muslim brothers there. After all our creation was based on the two nation theory and it is our duty to help Muslims. But may I ask what happened to the two-nation theory in 1971? What were we thinking when we treated our East Pakistani brothers the way we did? What is happening to the two-nation theory now, when we are denying the stranded Biharis - who incidentally were the only collaborators our army had in their occupation of East Pakistan (remember Al-Badar and Al-Shams?) their right to enter Pakistan and be treated as Pakistani citizens? It is clear that a lot has changed since the patriotic days of Partition. Our leaders' support for the Kashmiri people may not be motivated completely by an altruistic desire to alleviate their suffering. Yet, our current stand on Kashmir causes enmity with India, and necessitates excessive military spending. The only thing that excessive military spending will help in doing, is in securing the generals of the army an undeservedly large role in national politics and a free hand in obstructing democracy at their whim. Maybe their aversion to allow democracy flourish in urban Sindh and disruption of liberties of Karachiites flow from this expanded role they have acquired. What business do the armed forces have in dominating politics? The army will never want Pakistan to be friendly with India, because its reason for existence will be questioned, and it will not be able to take the huge chunk that it does from our hard earned national revenues. And reliance on military solutions to our security problems in the absence of genuine political and economic endeavours will only help us to the extent that it has helped us in the past (to be precise, not help us at all). In any case, to feel safe we need strong friends not strong enemies. There have been no Hiroshimas since Hiroshima. Yes, not a single nuclear weapon has been used offensively since the US lobbed one at the Japanese city at the peak of World War II. It is quite likely that India won't use one on us and face reprisals, from the international community, which it is so trying to woo. Let India spend senselessly on building nukes, let them tie up resources in unproductive enterprises. It will only hamper their progress, as military competition is out of vogue. None of the military aggressors of this age have gained from their actions (remember Saddam?) and war is increasingly becoming outdated, as slavery and duelling have become. In any case, if we howl about India's military programme, it will only strengthen their resolve to pursue their programmes with greater vigour. The message that the Indians get when we scream about their military programme is: "if it's bad for them, then it's good for us". In this way Indian politicians can easily get their public to tally behind them, using anti-Pakistan rhetoric. The same goes for our own politicians who find India-bashing most convenient when they need a few cheap political points. Its about time that we focus instead on building up our economy, which is the only credible investment in ensuring a bright future and the only real protection we can have from our enemies. Why is Japan so safe and cosy? Definitely, not because it has one of the most formidable military establishments in the world. Another source of hostile behaviour towards India are the fundamentalists, etc, who never cease in their senseless rhetoric. In another one of their classic theatrical outbursts, they have said that the "imported Hindustani potatoes wounded our national pride", in a recent column. One is only amused at the logic employed by such propagandists, and saddened by the fact that our poor, ignorant people might actually fall for such beguiling syllogisms. What does a superarmed country have to feel proud about when it cannot feed its hungry? When it cannot house the homeless? When most of its population is illiterate? Once India and Pakistan are locked into a stable pattern of trade, peace is inevitable and mutual security will be ensured. Both countries will have too much to lose from armed confrontation and will prefer peace vastly to any hostility something like the US and Canada. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960112 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Zardari: The all-profit, no-loss man in Islamabad ------------------------------------------------------------------- Anjum Niaz HES THE most controversial figure east of Suez. Stories of mega- bucks stashed away in Swiss banks accrued through huge defence kickbacks, an exotic French villa, polo ponies worth 300 million, money made in just about any government deal, and meddling in appointments of all grade 18 to 22 officers are stories gaining currency in the Capital nowadays. Mr Asif Ali Zardari gives directions to all the heads of the DFIs (Development Financial Institutions) hand-picked by him, every night on his secrophone, an ex opposition MNA tells me with a deadpan expression. You cant catch him, because he covers his tracks beautifully, says the man with a long face. With ruination writ large all over him, he tells me his pre-partition business and the future of his generations is bleak because the husband of the Prime Minister is backing his business rival! Then, I meet some others who swear that the First Gentleman is controlling the presidents of the nationalised banks  appointed by him  who dare not squeak without his approval. You should talk to some of them and find out whats going on, I am duly advised. Some call Asif Zardari Godfather one and two and say he was corrupt during Ms Bhuttos first term, but is much worse in the second! The First Gentleman calmly pleads not guilty to all the above charges, which I blurt out during a two-hour interview with him at the Prime Ministers House. Cool, composed and in good humour, he allows me all the time in the world to question him on anything under the sun. He lets me use my tape recorder: good, you wont misquote me, he flashes his characteristic smile. No one disturbs the sahib during our talk, only once his three children storm in with filial horseplay to say goodnight to their father. Their mother that evening is in Larkana in connection with their grandfathers birthday celebrations. Knowing full well that the reason for my being accorded an exclusive is to portray the environment-business-friendly First Gentleman, I naturally open my interview with his favourite topic. He is eloquent, well clued and sincere about his work. We then move on to politics and finally end up with his personal life. But the bottom line running through our conversation is: why is the presumption of his being de facto prime minister beginning to stick now? You have to realise that Benazir Bhutto is the Prime Minister of Pakistan, she is not a puppet created by anybody  that much you have got to grant her  no matter what the opposition says. The country cant be driven by dual drivers. Theres one leader and its her decisions which are carried out. Besides, what experience do I have that I can give her advice on matters of the state, he says. But, you are accused of running the government? even to naming the federal secretaries, who have been appointed to key positions because of their reputation to deliver? I again remind him. Why should I do that? How much do I gain by it. I am 41 years, all these gentlemen you are referring to are old enough to be my father. Besides, I dont belong to Islamabad, I am a Karachiite and if I had my way, I would be living in Karachi  thats where my eyes sparkle  how would you expect me to know the bureaucracy here. I dont even know most of their names! What about cronyism? Your detractors say you mastermind all appointments, transfers and sackings on that basis? I persist. I dont even think the deputy commissioner, Nawabshah, has been appointed by me (gives a loud laugh). I cant even tell Minister Yusuf Talpur to appoint his secretary (Agriculture) according to my wishes. All these things are done by the PM and her cabinet. People can say whatever they like. Its their prerogative. This is the beauty of democracy and you (Press) can write whatever you feel like, he replies. He defends his friends like a hawk, saying they would never exploit his name: Birds of a feather flock together, says he. However, your public image today is not good? I again ask. I dont agree with you. Its much better this time. People know me now and thats why I won both the seats from Lyari and Nawabshah despite my being in prison. And what about the massive corruption you are accused of by your detractors? I dont have such a reputation. People who can come up with concrete proof against me should do so. Nawaz Sharif says I have 80 stables and my polo ponies are worth 30 crores (300 millions). The truth is I have 50 stables, out of which 12 horses belong to me and the rest to the seven other polo players. Nawaz Sharif has made a laughing stock of himself  where in the world does a polo pony cost 30 crores (300 millions)? Besides I pay for the food of my cats, chickens, dogs and horses from my own pocket. BB closes all the lights at night, do you think she will let me spend government money on the upkeep of my horses? What about your French villa? I have rebutted this story 10 times over. I cant even look after my Nawabshah and Karachi houses  we have, husband and wife, contemplated buying a house in Islamabad, but it hasnt materialised. How many times have I gone to Paris that I need a villa there, why should I get a villa when I cant even speak French? What will I do there? If you dont know French, what do you do? Talk to the dog? The Prime Minister says her husband is a businessman, a property developer. Dont you think, theres a conflict of interest here and you can be accused of misusing your VVIP status? I ask. No, my property development work is only Karachi-based and its only in the private sector, its nothing to do with the government, he says. But dont you think you should not be doing it, knowing full well it will earn you a bad name? If I take a government contract, then I can be blamed, but if I got plots which I owned before I met Benazir Bhutto and am now in the process of developing, I dont think anybody can raise any fingers at me. Its my personal property bought from the market and listed with the income-tax people, he defends himself. As a spouse of the PM should you not practise more transparency in your business deals? You are said to have amassed billions? Why not be someone like Dennis Thatcher or the husband of Turkish PM Tansu Ciller? I ask. Why should I do that, particularly when my business has nothing to do with the government? Come to Karachi and see all my properties for yourself. Ill take you to my office and show you all the documentation. All my plots are 15 years old. The only new plot I have purchased in government is the plot in front of Bilawal House because Jam Sadiq wanted a high rise constructed there. In BBs first term, I didnt even live in Islamabad, but the more one is in the background, the more people talk about. So I decided to enter politics and step forward in order to defend myself properly. First of all, when I married Benazir Bhutto, Zia was alive, Mohammad Khan Junejo was his PM  no matter how good a fortune teller I am, how the hell would I have known that Zia would dismiss Junejo and then die with all his generals? If people think I married BB because she was going to be the PM, then at that time I should have married Pir Pagaras daughter or Junejos! Why should I marry a lady who had the police attack her daily? It is said, when the time comes, you will take your money and run? I tell him. God is Great, whatever may be or will be is in Gods hands. Why should I run now when I didnt in the past? One wasnt scared of Zia, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Aslam Beg, Nawaz Sharif, nor is one scared of these pygmies even today. The sky is the limit, whats your limit? Do you wish to hold your wifes office some day? I ask. No way! I couldnt even read the files she reads every night! (laughs) I am not trained that way, besides no one will vote for me. I am a political identity of a very small stature. But as a male, I will always stand vigil outside my home. Even the smallest male sparrow fights with his life to safeguard its nest from the predator, the kite. Whenever my house is threatened one will resist  no matter how small or weak a man one may be. Whats life like with a woman who has brought you to the PM House twice? I venture to ask. (Long pause): Very difficult... to say the least, he replies. After another pause, he continues, Its not easy to be a male spouse in such a position in this part of the world...its not easy... What kind of a relationship do you have with your in-laws? I ask. I have only one in-law, my mother-in-law. We have never traded any harsh words. I would never imagine raising my voice in front of her, she is my elder. What about your brother-in-law, Mir Murtaza Bhutto? Hes aspiring to be a politician, hes trying very hard... we have nothing in common, nor have I met him. Mir says you have usurped the family name because you feel threatened by him? I continue. Its a cheap shot to popularity. The people have rejected him unfortunately or fortunately. Theres no way Khalique (Murtazas nominee) will win the coming bye-elections. The man (Murtaza) stood from 35 seats and could only win a piddly seat from Larkana, which was thanks to his mother. Had it not been for Begum Sahiba, he would have lost. Whats the basis of your rivalry with him? People in life sometimes take directions which cannot be later changed...it happened to me. I dont even know the man, I have just met him four times, but respect is dear to every man  whoever gives respect begets it...even the pettiest of men  though I dont make any distinctions between ordinary people, syeds, pirs or mirs, be they blue-blooded or yellow-blooded  but in worldly way even if you talk to a small man who has had less opportunities in life, you dont disrespect him. What I gather from this long-winded thesis of Zardari is that Mir Murtaza Bhutto perhaps looked down upon him as one not fit to marry Benazir Bhutto. And Zardari has not easily forgiven nor forgotten this insult. As this thought flits across my mind, Asif Zardari, who had started to roll his rosary beads, himself provided the interpretation: Whether he (Murtaza) likes it or not, I am the husband of his elder sister and in our culture one does not talk too much in front of ones bahnoi (brother-in-law). As far as politics is concerned, the field is vast open. He has tried his best...the future will tell more. Are there any chances of reconciliation between the brother and sister? As far as politics is concerned you never close doors. Benazir Bhutto has been criticised for giving people a second chance, after all to err is human, to forgive is divine. God has given her that position, shes greater than the ordinary souls otherwise whats the difference between her and me  shes the leader and God has given her these qualities, unfortunately, he hasnt bestowed them on me. Again, he is implying that while BB may patch up with her brother some day, Asif Ali Zardari will never! People say you are her weakness, her Achilles heel, she is too much under your influence? Thats the other problem with society which thinks a wife has to be dominated by the husband. Thats not correct, because everybody has a charter of their own. As far as our family is concerned, yes, I have a say in the matter  there we take collective decisions about the education of our children, but as far as politics is concerned if she was to listen to me, Id still be in prison! How can you expect somebody who has never done politics, whose only exposure to politics was his engagement with Benazir Bhutto, to come up and give advise to her on politics? Thats precisely what people say, I jump in. Without any political background, you have catapulted into the driving seat? I say. Thats not true. As a Leo, he says he is a home-bird: Id rather stay at home than go out anywhere. You cut quite a dashing figure before your marriage? I ask, while refraining from using the word playboy  by which he was often labelled  in case he takes umbrage. I might be offended by your remark. You mean I am not dashing any more? he gives his charming smile. Do you want more kids? I ask. I would be satisfied if we had another son  that would make two boys and two girls. Being the only son, I have always missed a brother and want the company of male individuals. It comes from a psychological want of a brother and thats why I converse with my heart and not my tongue and mind! Whats BBs views about another addition to the family? Its useless to discuss something thats not possible. Shes too busy, too overworked, there are other things in her life at the moment which need her attention. Are you happy being married to Ms Bhutto? is my last question. Happiness is relative, life is never perfect, you have to be content with what you have and not lust after more, theres no end to greed. Life is a challenge and only they live who dare! DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960114 ------------------------------------------------------------------- World Cup squad ------------------------------------------------------------------- Editorial Column THE announcement of the final cricket squad for the World Cup, scheduled to commence from mid-February, has at last ended the suspenseful period of anxious waiting within the country as well as among the other contestants in the prestigious competition. While most of the players selected were sure to be named, the overhanging air of uncertainty around one or two choices tended to create a cloudy climate. Javed Miandad's declaration of availability, followed by his demonstration of fitness and form in the field, had particularly become the focus of attention among keen followers of the game and countless fans who rooted for their hero. Conflicting statements by some experts, specially by Imran Khan, expressing fears about the veteran's ability to withstand the pressure in view of his knee and back trouble accentuated the existing doubts. Also, his long absence from the field of action gave rise to apprehensions, although his fairly convincing knocks in the Wills Cup matches set such misgivings at rest. What was, however, more worrying was the speculation, born of reported interviews, that Wasim Akram, the captain, and Intikhab Alam, the manager, had some reservations in this regard. The postponement and delay in making public the final list fuelled a spate of rumours calculated to start a controversy and vitiate the atmosphere of accord so vital to generate team spirit. It is gratifying that the issue has been resolved after due deliberation before the deadline and the door has presumably been slammed in the face of elements out to exploit the situation. Being the World Cup holders, Pakistan occupies a central role in the coming event, regarded as the ultimate competition in one-day cricket. It is no doubt a great distinction but, at the same time, it is not a very enviable position to be in either, as every other team pits its full might against the champions and as such our boys will be constantly under severe strain. The responsibility to justify its highest rating and live up to its reputation will put tremendous pressure on it. Hence the need to pull its weight fully and forcefully with all the skill and spirit it is capable of that will be required to meet the stiff challenge. Besides that, despite the advantage of a familiar environment nearer home, the peculiar conditions obtaining in the area are not likely to be very conducive. Although the team is fairly strong on paper its age factor is not so favourable after a four-year gap. Moreover, the intervening years have seen many ups and downs. Fortunately, the worst is apparently over and an upswing is in evidence. But all said and done the outcome in this concentrated brand of cricket depends very largely on total commitment and effort without let or hindrance. The inspiring memories of Melbourne should serve to galvanise and fortify over team. With faith, self confidence and collective endeavour a repeat performance of 1992 in 1996 is not beyond reach. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960114 ------------------------------------------------------------------- The real promoter of poverty ------------------------------------------------------------------- Aftab Ahmad THE World Banks Report on Pakistan Poverty Assessment was released at a time when Pakistan was in desperate need of something to boost its morale. The report revealed that poverty in Pakistan had been reduced in the 1970s and 1980s and that the percentage of population below the poverty line had gone down from 46 percent in 1984-85 to 34 percent in 1990-91. However, Dr Mahbubul Haque, a former Finance Minister of Pakistan, doubted the authenticity of the World Banks findings and inquired how poverty in Pakistan could have gone down when both inflation and unemployment were on the rise. During the decade, the average growth rate of the manufacturing sector was 9.93 per cent compared with 5.07 per cent of the agriculture sector. The manufacturing activity, at that time, was entirely in the hands of the private sector, which enjoyed monopolistic power and was guided solely by its profit motive in dealing with its workers. The agriculture sector was characterised by a feudal system on which the land reforms introduced had little impact. Hence the condition of the poor did not show any visible improvement. Nevertheless, the share of the poorest 20 per cent improved from 6.4% in 1963-64 to 8.2 per cent in 1968-69 whereas the share of the richest 20 per cent declined from 45.3 per cent to 42 percent during the period. But whereas, on the one hand, measures were taken for the welfare of the industrial workers and the rural poor, on the other hand, the political strife and confrontation witnessed during the 1970s, coupled with the shock effect of the reforms and fear of nationalisation, had an adverse effect on the performance of the economy. The average GDP growth rate declined from 6.77 per cent during the 1960s to 4.84 per cent during the 1970s, the unemployment rate increased to 3.72 per cent (in 1980- 81) from 1.99 per cent in 1969-70 and the annual inflation rate jumped to an average of 12.33 per cent. The fixed income groups were particularly hard-hit by the high inflation rate in 1973-74 and 1974-75 and well to do families belonging to the salaried class or other fixed income groups became hand to mouth within a matter of weeks and months. These developments partly neutralised the benefits received by the poorer sections of the society in the 1970s. During the 1980s, the economic indicators once again showed improvement. The average annual GDP growth rate increased to 6.45 per cent and the rate of inflation declined to 7.34 per cent. Perhaps the World Banks claim about reduction in the percentage of population below the poverty line in Pakistan from 46 per cent in 1984-85 to 34 per cent in 1990-91 may have been based on the afore-mentioned higher GDP growth rate witnessed during the 1980s. However, by 1990-91, the economic indicators had considerably deteriorated. Although the GDP growth rate in 1990-91 stood at a respectable level of 5.57 per cent, the rate of inflation, had climbed to 12.7 per cent and the unemployment rate to 6.38 per cent. The dismal performance of the economy had continued during the 1990s so far. However, although the unemployment rate remained unchanged at 4.74 per cent, a staggering 90,000 jobless had been added to the unemployed labour force during the last two years, 50,000 in the rural and 40,000 in the urban sector. Spiralling prices and unemployment were the two problems which had made the life of the common man miserable during the 1990s so far. Who was the real culprit behind poverty in Pakistan? There was a consensus in this regard that it was the exploitative feudal and capitalistic system, aided by the corrupt elements in the bureaucracy, which had not so far permitted any change to be brought about in the life of the poor and the down-trodden in the country. In the rural sector, in spite of repeated land reforms, the possession of agricultural land remained concentrated in a few hands. In the urban sector, the governments had, from time to time, tried to improve the lot of the industrial workers and other salaried people through upward revision of pay scales, social security packages, labour laws, trade unionism, profit sharing arrangements etc. However, these measures had generally failed to bring about any significant change in the life of people. In other words without replacing the prevailing exploitative system with a just and equitable order. The question is could that be done? It was difficult to answer. However, one thing was certain that the country had already entered an era of globalisation, international competition and survival of the fittest, and in order to be able to survive, we needed to utilise the full potential of all our people which would not be possible unless we replaced the old order with a new one. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 960118 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ordeal at the airport ------------------------------------------------------------------- Editorial Column WHAT many incoming passengers, especially those arriving from abroad, have often to encounter at the Karachi airport is widely known but no one in authority seems prepared or willing to do anything about it. The passengers' woe begins the moment they come out of the arrival lounge - only to be besieged by a horde of cab drivers frantically trying to pick up their share of fares. Accosting of this kind can take the form of pure harassment regardless of whether some passengers are in need of the proffered service or have their own transport waiting for them. All norms of civility and responsible conduct are on sufferance when it comes to making the catch of a' prospective passenger and striking a profitable bargain with him over the fare to be paid. Incidentally, the standard practice with most cab drivers operating between the airport and the city is to charge the passengers arbitrarily and not according to the fare metre. Since all this happens in the presence of the police on duty, it is clear that many of them are in league with the errant cab drivers on a basis of the sharing of the loot. And yet this is not the end but the beginning of an arriving passenger's ordeal. Apart from occasional cases of wayside robbery, passengers are often stopped at several point by uniformed or plain- clothes policemen on the pretext of questioning, checking on ;customs and immigration clearance and so forth and are subjected to various forms of harassment. Intimidating tactics, including threats of physical violence or the grim prospects of spending the night in a police lock-up, are freely used to soften up resistance on the part of a passenger refusing to be bullied and treated in this highly offensive and illegal fashion. The purpose is to extort money or claim a share in whatever other precious things watches, new clothes, cameras and so on - that some passengers may have in their possession. There have been instances in the past where some foreigners on way to the city from the airport have been harassed and robbed by elements belonging to the law enforcement agencies. On occasions even journalists who are usually regarded with some deference for fear of exposure too have not been spared by these thugs. Most of these things are within the knowledge of the authorities. Accounts of many such incidents of criminal harassment, exploitation and pure thuggery by a, section of the so-called lawmen within the precincts of the airport and at various points along the route to the city also make it clear that the perpetrators of such excesses are operating an organised racket in which various other elements, including taxi drivers, are also involved. Or else how does one explain some policemen out on a hunt for fortunes targeting taxis or cars carrying passengers from the airport that are most likely to yield a big loot? One plausible explanation is that they choose their victims on a tip-off from their collaborators at the airport who assess the worth of a potential prey from the size of his or her baggage. The authorities would do well to shed their attitude of benign indifference to this sordid state of affairs and take drastic steps to put an end to the continuing harassment and exploitation of air passengers at the hands of a section of security personnel.


PTV  PCB dispute settled; 1-day final to be televised
Farhana Ayaz

ISLAMABAD, Jan 16: The final of the National One-day Tournament 
between Pakistan International Airlines and Rawalpindi A, to be played 
at Sheikhupura, will be telecast live by Pakistan Television network 
following a written no-objection by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB).

The fax message reaching PTV headquarters, yesterday, stated that the 
board has no objection against live coverage, news coverage or 
recording of domestic cricket matches between local teams. The no 
objection is duly signed by the chief executive.

Sources in  the PTV stated that the no objection means that the 
national network will cover the domestic cricket games amongst local 
teams free of cost.

PTV official added that they have received the reply in due time since 
a delay of one more day would have meant that the final could not have 
be covered as it requires two clear days for the televising equipment 
to be installed before any cricket fixture can be televised.

The PTV officials said that selling of televising rights of the world 
cup and their earlier agreement with IMG about the selling of domestic 
and international signals of all the matches played in Pakistan to 
different companies had cornered the corporation and there was no way 
out but to stay out before anything clear came to the surface.
The PTV stated that the corporation has also earned a bad name with 
its viewers who are keen to watch cricket and coverage of cricket is 
PTVs commitment to the viewers of the country. The official said that 
the network has never made money from telecasting domestic games. In 
fact production costs are much higher than the sponsorship fee paid 
out, but we cover up the cost through the coverage of international 
matches, he said.
The PTV officials stated that cricket coverage was becoming more and 
more expensive but the corporation is making an effort to satisfy its 
viewers as PTV paid US $120,000 just for the coverage of Sri Lankan 
series to WorldTel, plus the enormous amount of US $750,000 to cover 
world cup matches in Pakistan after PCB sold the sole rights of the 
World Cup coverage to the American company.

Zaman Gul clinches Asian squash after marathon fight
A. Majid Khan

AMMAN, Jan.12: Pakistans Mir Zaman Gul, second seed, regained the 
Asian squash title in a final against the Hong Kong-based Abdul Fahim, 
seeded No.3, in which the whirligig of pendulum swayed to and fro for 
two hours and 15 minutes at Ammans al-Hassan Sports Complex.
Abdul Fahim, an experienced Pakistani who has settled in Hong Kong and 
represents the island colony, turned out to be a resilient player and 
put up a tremendous fight. The better composure and variety of strokes 
of Mir Zaman won him the day. The end of the match and the victory 
came as a considerable relief to the Pakistani camp and the 
supporters, who gave a cheerful applause to the Mir Zaman, the winner 
with a scoreline of 9-6, 8-10, 6-9, 10-8, 9-3. This was despite the 
pullout of world champion Jansher Khan because of back problem.
Mir Zaman Gul, world No.30, was 1-2 games down against Abdul Fahim, 
ranked No.36, when he staged an amazing comeback for a triumph in the 
final to repeat his 1990 Calcutta Asian squash performance.
The packed-to-capacity championship court gallery, with around 1,000 
spectators, women, watched the enthralling Asian fight for supremacy.
Rawalpindi - born Fahim, who had represented Pakistan in the 1990 
Asian Squash at Calcutta but later settled in Hong Kong, also came 
closer to repeat his 1992 Peshawar Asian squash winning performance 
but Gul fought a gruelling battle for Pakistans supremacy and emerged 
Asian champion a second time.
However, the refereeing left much to be desired and both the players 
disputed several decisions of the Jordanian supervisor who on several 
occasions could not explain why he has given a stroke or let.
Nevertheless it was a virtual classic encounter and the fans enjoyed 
it to the fill and cheered both the fighters.
Mir Zaman Gul, after winning the opener, was trapped by Fahim in slow 
rallies and committed several unforced errors. Later Gul played his 
attacking game by dislodging Fahim from the Tee and succeeded in 
winning the title for Pakistan.
Fahim undoubtedly gave an extraordinary performance as he produced 
several controlled drops, lobbed the ball and executed tidy angles. 
Fahim took a commanding 6-1 lead in the first game but Gul staged a 
brave comeback and caught him up 6-6 and later won the 25-minute game 
at 9-6.
Mir Zaman Gul was 5-4 and went 8-5 ahead. However, Gul fought 
remarkably well to make 8 - all but lost at 8-10 when he twice hit the 
board. Fahim won 10-8.
The third game was also a closely-fought one and after 6-6 Fahim again 
occupied the Tee and hit winners to take the game at 9-6.
Gul was in total command of the fourth game when he led 7-3 but seemed 
to have lost concentration and committed several unforced errors. 
Fahim was back with renewed determination and gradually narrowed the 
gap with a string of drops and angles to be 6-7.
Mir Zaman was 8-6 up but Fahim saved the game ball and the fight for 
every point was hard. Fahim levelled 8-8 but Mir Zaman went 9-8 with a 
stroke and when Fahim hit the tin Mir Zaman was winner at 10-8.
Mir Zaman started the deciding game in an assured way by maintaining a 
deadly length and Fahim came under tremendous pressure. Mir Zaman, 
after 2-2, took six points in one hand to be 8-2 and took the final 
at 9-3.

Pakistan cruise into Asian squash final
A. Majid Khan

AMMAN, Jan 15: Title holders Pakistan powered their way to eighth 
successive final of the 13 nation Asian Squash Championship, 
confidently defeating hosts, Jordan, by 3-0 to take their expected 
place in tomorrow's final at the newly-built al-Hasan Squash Complex.   

Defending champions, Pakistan, even after the pullout of world number 
one Jansher Khan due to back problem during the individual 
Championship, is in a high spirits for maintaining the country's 
unprecedented domination in the Asian Team Championship.

So far in all the three previous matches Pakistan, under Zarak Jahan 
Khan, had comfortably defeated Bahrain, Sri Lanka, Kuwait by margin of 
30 and they had maintained this tempo in todays semi-final against 
Jordan who for the second time qualified for the last four.

In the playing order of 3-1-2 Zarak Jahan Khan, outmanoeuvred Jordan 
No. 3 Wael Tabalat 9-6, 9-0, 9-0 to give Pakistan a lead in the three 
match contest.

KUWAIT LOSE: Holders Pakistan, favoured to regain the trophy for the 
eighth successive time, inflicted a 3-0 defeat on fighting Kuwait on 
their way to semi-finals where they will be opposed by hosts Jordan 
who reached the last four, a second time by beating Singapore in the 
Asian Squash Championship at the Al-Hasan Complex.

India again suffered a setback when a youthful Malaysian side composed 
of with the talented youth, recorded an emphatic 3-0 victory.

Malaysia will be up in the semi-final against Hong Kong who 
comfortably defeated Sri Lanka by 3-0. Both semi-finals are scheduled 

Though Pakistan won by 3-0 against Kuwait, the performance of world 
No. 11 Zarak and Asian Champion Mir Zaman Gul, the world No. 30 were 
unimpressive after unfit Zubair disposed of Ahmed Sultan 9-0, 9-5, 9-0 
in 28 minutes.

Captain Zarak Jahan in the second match had to struggle to overcome 22 
year-old Faisal Sultan of Kuwait in a close fight before winning it in 
one hour and ten minutes with a score of 9-0. 2-9.10-8. 9-2.

Asian Champion Mir Zaman Gul also dropped a game against Kuwaitis 18-
year-old Ahmed Sultan before winning it 9-7, 9-3, 9-10, 9-6. The match 
lasted 43 minutes.

Other results of the morning.

Kuwait beat Lebanon 3-0, Jordan beat S. Korea 3-0, Sri Lanka beat 
Bahrain 2-1, India beat Taipei 3-0, Singapore beat Palestine 3-0.

Women: Singapore beat Lebanon 3-0, India beat Sri Lanka 2-1. 

India defuse Pakistan to take 3rd spot in Sharjah
Virendra Varma

SHARJAH, Jan 11: India finally did justice to their abilities and 
avoided the embarrassment of returning home without a victory. But it 
wasn't all that easy to defuse a charged-up Pakistan - they always are 
when playing against India - in a truncated playoff for the third 
place in the NEPC World Masters Cricket Series at Sharjah.

Indian masters, chasing 162 for a victory in 28 overs (reduced from 
normal 45 because of rain in the morning), kept their cool when it 
mattered most and coasted home with five balls to spare.

Miandad included, Basit axed for World Cup
Ilyas Beg

LAHORE, Jan 12: Master batsman Javed Miandad has been included in the 
14-member Pakistan cricket team which will defend its title in the 
sixth World Cup Cricket Tournament being jointly hosted by Pakistan, 
India and Sri Lanka from February 14 to March 17. The world-class 
batsman is the only player who is destined to represent his country in 
all the World Cup.

Miandad has so far played in 228 games and have scored 7,327 runs with 
eight centuries and 50 half centuries. He is the second leading scorer 
in limited overs game after Desmond Haynes who has more than 8,000 
runs against his name.
Also to earn selectors vote was off-spinner Saqlain Mushtaq who has 
been preferred over Akram Raza. Saqlain made his debut against Sri 
Lanka and has so far played only against Australia besides the 
Islanders. Ramiz Raja has also been retained in the team after his 
good show with the bat. Akram has made way for Ataur Rahman whose 
performance is not very encouraging at the international level.

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