------------------------------------------------------------------- Week Ending : 13 July, 1995 Issue : 01/27 -------------------------------------------------------------------
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MQM ..........Demand for separate province if talks fail ..........MQM's 18-point charter of demands ..........Fresh demands voiced ..........Govt, MQM open talks on hopeful note ..........MQM puts, off two-day weekly protest ..........Beg praises MQM, flays elite class Karachi ..........Korangi families flees as rangers, MQM men fight ..........Ex-councillor's death sparks off new clashes ..........Strike extended for 2 days ..........Ex-councillor dies in custody ..........11 shot dead in city violence ..........10 gunned down in city ..........City limping back to 11 normality ..........16 killed in city violence ..........Violence claims 11 lives USA ..........US president seek formal approval on refund issue ..........US finds no proof of missile sale PPP has no plan to oust Wattoo Nawaz says he follows principles Kabul again points a finger at Pakistan Drug baron arrested in Quetta Red-tapism may cost renowned ' artist's life --------------------------------------


Recovery as political climate eases Power rates raised by up to 21.5pc from today Exports through third countries : Pakistan, textile talks begin +++The Businesss & Financial Week ----------------------------------------


The clanging chains By Ardeshir Cowasjee If the talks must succeed 'The prefix and the fix' A letter from Lahori Wattoo at his wit's end Lahore diary Wattoo in awful trouble From M. Ziauddin Domino effect of corruption By Kunwar Idris Can they ride the crest? By M.B. Naqvi Power plant site shifted By A Correspondent An Outpouring of talent By Muneeza Shamsie Punjab electoral trends remain unchanged By Tahir Mirza Jatoi prefers in-house change to fresh poll ------------


Politicians discredited in Pakistan, says Imran


------------------------------------------------------------------- Demand for separate province if talks fail: Ajmal ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI, July 10: The head of the MQM negotiation team, Ajmal Dehlavi, said here on Monday that should the government-MQM talks fail, his party would be forced to demand a separate province. However, "the MQM is hopeful about the success of the talks", he added. Speaking to a group of journalists at his office, the editor turned- politician said he and other members of the team Tariq Javed, Qazi Khalid, Shoaib Bokhari and Sheikh Liaquat Hussain were leaving for Islamabad on Tuesday morning to hold "unconditional" talks with the official team there. The MQM delegation, he said, would initiate talks on its 18-point charter which it had put forth a year ago. "Acceptance of these 18 basic demands is the only permanent solution to the present crisis," he declared. Mr Dehlavi said: "The MQM is firm on its agenda. Not a point less, not a point more will be acceptable to it. It will not bargain on the basic agenda." To a question, he said: "The give and take formula does not apply on basic rights. Even if one point is left, the talks will be considered a failure. However, priorities can be fixed which point should be discussed first and which one later." If an agreement were reached, he said, the formation of a time table and constitution of a joint committee would be required to implement the demands phase-wise within a fixed period. He said the demand for a separate province would ultimately end on the division of Sindh. "The division of Sindh will be inevitable as the new province will be carved out from the present province of Sindh," he added. Mr Dehlvi said withdrawal of cases against the MQM leaders and workers was the part of the agenda, but to have a share in the power in Sindh government was not their demand. "A commission comprising judges of the Supreme Court and High Court should review cases against the MQM leaders and workers. And it will be acceptable to the party," he added. MQM chief Altaf Hussain, he claimed, called-off a day's mourning to pave the way for the success of bilateral talks. To a question he said: "If the ongoing operation against the MQM is not stopped, its decision to observe twice-a-week strike will continue. If it accepts MQM's six-point demands for which it had decided to observe the strike, the party will rescind its decision." Mr Dehlvi favoured a bilateral truce between the government and the MQM for the success of the talks. To a question Mr Dehlvi said: "One must not forget or ignore the fact that the international media has swept away all geographical frontiers. The world media is highlighting our problems at global level. Moreover, religious and political parties have been exerting pressure on the government to solve the problem through the dialogues, thereby providing the opposition an opportunity to voice their grievances on equal basis. In cases of the political parties of the past, their entire struggles went partly unnoticed, at least on international level." He went on to say "the 'powermafia' has realised the fact that the MQM, which had undergone a severe three-year-long operation, could not be crushed or eliminated. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950712 ------------------------------------------------------------------- MQM's 18-point charter of demands ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI, July 11: The 18-point charter of demands, which forms the basis of Mohajir Qaumi Movement's entry into negotiations with a government team in Islamabad on Tuesday, was submitted to the provincial government last year. The text of the demands, as released to the Press on June 4 1994, is as follows: 1:-Operation Clean-Up directed against Mohajirs be discontinued forthwith. All military and paramilitary-forces be withdrawn from civilian areas. 2: Mohajir representation in the national and provincial assemblies and Senate is well below their actual population. To ensure proportionate representation of Mohajirs, the overdue census be conducted under an impartial authority. The electoral boundaries in Sindh province be also revised. 3: Mohajirs constitute about 50 per cent of Sindh's population but their share in' the federal and provincial services is negligible. The urban quota in federal and provincial services needs to be enhanced from '7.6 per cent to 9.5 per cent and from 40 per cent to 50 per cent respectively on the strength of the population. The factual position is that the representation of Mohajirs in federal and provincial services is only one per cent and 15 per cent respectively. To meet this deficiency of 8.5 per cent at federal level and 35 per cent on provincial level, special recruitment for induction of Mohajirs be made on emergency basis and due share of Mohajirs in the services be maintained. 4: The spirit of democracy demands that all sections of population are represented in the government. Therefore the position of the governor and chief minister of Sindh be shared in rotation by Mohajirs and Sindhis. 5: The urban areas of Sindh should receive proportionate share of the federal and provincial funds for development. 6: All arbitrary administrative actions taken to suppress and subjugate Mohajirs during the last two years be reversed. This particularly refers to bifurcation of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, creation of Malir District and of Lyari Development Authority. 7: The repatriation of stranded Pakistanis from Bangladesh to Pakistan be carried out without further delay. 8: Karachi Metropolitan Corporation, Hyderabad Municipal Corporation and other municipal bodies be made autonomous to govern their affairs freely. Similarly till elections for local bodies are held the arbitrarily superseded elected local bodies be restored forthwith. 9: All employees arbitrarily sacked or removed from federal and provincial and semi-government services since June 1992 and those sacked >from Pakistan Steel be reinstated. 10: During the last two years thousands of MQM workers, leaders and elected representative were killed, kidnapped, arrested, tortured and maimed. Their properties were looted or burnt under State patronage. Suitable compensation be given to all those who suffered. 11: Billions of rupees extorted by the personnel of the law enforcement agencies, particularly FIT (field investigation team-an intelligence wing of the army) and police as bribes from innocent Mohajirs, be recovered and returned to the victims. During raids household, valuables and jewellery were looted by the personnel of the law enforcement agencies. The culprits involved be taken to task through inquiry by an independent commission and losses be indemnified. 12: Large number of Mohajirs were murdered in the custody of Army, other law enforcement agencies and by their sponsored terrorist group Haqiqi. The latest example of Mohajir genocide is the cold blooded murder of five young men in Sukkur by the law enforcement agencies. Commission of Supreme Court and High Court judges be constituted to investigate these heinous crimes with the power to punish the culprits. 13: All cases instituted or reopened against MQM leaders, members of Senate and assemblies, workers and sympathisers are false, fabricated and politically motivated. These cases be withdrawn unconditionally. 14: Representation of Mohajirs in Sindh Police is negligible- therefore, recruitment of Mohajirs in Sindh Police be made on emergency basis to make it proportionate according to their population ratio. 15: Educational institutions of interior of Sindh have been made inaccessible for Mohajir students due to violence and armed attacks in those campuses. At the same time Mohajir students are being denied admission in professional educational institutions in the urban areas mainly because of fake domicile and permanent residence certificates. Theses malpractices need to be stopped. 16: Massacre of Mohajirs has continued from time to time in Sindh, the southern province of Pakistan. Thousands of Mohajir men, women and children have been killed and injured, while women treated degradingly. Large number of houses have been looted and set ablaze. A level commission of Supreme Court and High Court judges be constituted to identify those responsible for massacre so that culprits may be punished. 17: MQM leaders, elected members and workers who are in various jails of Sindh, are in fact political prisoners and should be given "B" class as envisaged by Jail Manual. 18: Constitutional and democratic rights of MQM freely participating in the political activities are being usurped due to high-handedness and machination of the government and the law enforcement agencies. Central office of MQM known as "Nine-Zero" has been raided over fifty times during the ongoing operation clean-up, properties and equipments worth over 30 million rupees have been looted and . destroyed. All telephone/fax/mobile phones of MQM central office have been disconnected by the government. Political victimisation be stopped against MQM, undeclared ban be lifted, MQM be allowed to participate fully and freely in the political activities, its telephone lines be restored and full compensation be paid for loss of properties and equipments. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950712 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Fresh demands voiced ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, July 11: In an eleventh-hour addition to its 18 point charter, the MQM has demanded that Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah and "other urban centres of Sindh" be declared "affected areas", and given a host of fiscal concessions. The fresh set of demands is classified as an 'addendum to demand-5 of the charter'. According to sources close to the MQM negotiating team, among other things, the MQM has demanded that banks be directed to disburse an additional credit of Rs 20 billion over the next few years to the existing industrial and commercial establishments in the urban areas of Sindh to provide relief from the "chronic working capital shortage", and that all existing loans and credits to these establishments be rescheduled. In addition, a 50 per cent concession in interest and mark-up charges be allowed. In the preamble to these demands, it has been argued that since the urban areas of Sindh have been economically ruined because of the ongoing law and order problems, they merit a special treatment from the government. The fresh demands are listed below in their original order: (a) Rebate of 50 per cent on central excise and sales tax/capacity tax over the next few years. (b) Import of all capital goods (machinery and equipment) free of import duty and sales tax for the next five years. (c) A 50 per cent concession in income tax and turnover tax/withholding tax on all incomes made during 199495. (d) A 50 per cent rebate on energy (electricity & gas) charges for two years for industrial and commercial establishments. (e) All urban areas be exempted from the recovery of urban immovable property tax for two years on buildings constructed on plots of 500 yards or below, flats up to 1500 square feet and commercial shops up to 1500 square feet. (f) Recovery of professional tax be waived for five years. According to the sources, the MQM may also demand the payment of compensation to the families of the "victims" of the army's Operation Clean-up in Karachi. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950712 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Govt, MQM open talks on hopeful note ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromNasir Malick ISLAMABAD, July 11: A first round of government-MQM talks started here on Tuesday evening, with both sides agreeing to meet again on Thursday afternoon when they will exchange demands. "The beginning of talks in itself is a sign of satisfaction," Ajmal Dehlavi, who led a five member MQM team at the talks, told reporters after the meeting which was held at Parliament House and tight security and lasted two-and-a-half hours. An official told Dawn that the one-day gap in the talks was agreed on the request of the government side, which wanted to go through the MQM demands threadbare and do some homework. A joint one-page statement, written in Urdu, was issued at the end of the talks and apparently it was agreed that no side would talk to the reporters. Mr Khan refused to discuss anything with the reporters. "We will abide by our commitment," he told reporters after the meeting." Our point of view has been given in the text of the joint statement," he said. "The only thing I can say is that it is a good beginning ", he added. Asked whether the official team was in a position to take decisions independently, Mr Dehlavi said it had been nominated by the government and must have been authorised to take decisions. Questioned whether he could foresee any positive outcome of the talks, Mr Dehlavi said it was not an easy task to come to an agreement in one day. "It is not possible to make big decisions in one day when the differences are so serious," he said. "If the government shows the same spirit which it displayed today, then I am hopeful we will reach some conclusion." He said the beginning of talks was itself a healthy sign. "The beginning of talks will be a sign of satisfaction for the people all over the country because they want peace", he added. The MQM leader said the talks had started without any pre-conditions. "However, talks are always held on some demands, which later convert into conditionalities." DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950713 ------------------------------------------------------------------- MQM puts, off two-day weekly protest ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromAthar Ali LONDON, July 12: A weekly two-day protest, called by the MQM, which virtually left Karachi and parts of urban Sindh paralysed, has been postponed on the advice of the party Coordinating committee. MQM leader Altaf Hussain, before the talks between the government and his party began in Islamabad on Tuesday, had called off the extended protest this week on Monday as "a gesture of goodwill". He has now given approval from London to the coordinating committee's proposal, as a further sign of goodwill from the MQM side. He said he would expect the government to reciprocate by stopping arrests, raids, firings and ending siege of Mohajir localities. Mr Hussain said that, as in the past, the MQM had made an offer and expected that the government would curb the activities of the PPP die- hards, Haqiqi "terrorists", rangers and the police and stop them from attacking Mohajir homes. He said: "It is a well-known fact that the MQM has been subjected to the worst type of political vendetta. Its elected members in the Senate and the National Assembly, as well as elderly members of the coordinating committee have been involved in false cases and imprisoned. The government should now put an end to the torturing of MQM workers in jails and investigating centres run by the official agencies." The MQM leader said that those who had "disappeared" should be recovered and all those arrested should be brought to court, including Ms Rais Fatima who had been missing for over a month, so that real issues could be resolved through negotiations instead of the use of state machinery and force. Mr Hussain expressed full sympathy with the people and his own party workers who had suffered, and said he shared their grief. He urged them to have patience and remain firm. "With integrity and dedication, one has to carry on the struggle but its success depends only on God's will as he is the final arbiter and helps those who are in need of justice." Mr Hussain said the problems of Mohajirs were today being understood the world over. "To participate in talks is a way of securing their genuine rights and it should not be construed as an abandonment of those rights. The MQM will never give up its struggle for legitimate rights of the Mohajirs." The MQM, he stressed, did not believe in the politics of violence and terrorism. He advised his workers to keep their struggle peaceful and within the law, and added that the government must also respect the law. Mr Hussain appealed to all freedom-loving people to realise that whenever a state made indiscriminate use of its power and unleashed oppression, instead of agreeing to legitimate rights of people, the latter resorted to protest. He referred to the 1992 army operation and said that the MQM had been made a target and hundreds of its workers killed or kidnapped. He consistently appealed to party workers not to resort to terrorism or resistance. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950713 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Beg praises MQM, flays elite class ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromOur Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, July 12: Former Pakistan army chief, Gen Mirza Aslam Beg, on Tuesday praised the MQM as a "solid political entity' before a prestigious Washington think-tank, in what was interpreted as his bid to present himself as an alternative to self-exiled MQM leader Altaf Hussain. Gen Beg appeared before the Stimson Centre at the Carnegie Endowment at a gathering which included for mer US ambassador to Pakistan Robert Oakley, well-known journalists Selig Harrison and Paula Newberg, several congressmen and diplomats mainly from Indian Chinese and Pakistan embassies and mediamen. Beg wanted to launch himself before the American thinkers and policy- makers as the man who could get the country out of the present morass and he said it in simple words," a diplomat commented after his 100- minute session. Informed sources said Gen Beg had tried to meet some state department and White House officials but he had not been successful. Gen Beg said Pakistan was a hostage to two people-Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif-and both represented the elite which had grabbed power and kept it in their own hands for the last 48 years. "These jagirdars, feudals, zamindars, elite bureaucrats dominate the scene. They are more loyal to forces outside Pakistan," the former army chief alleged. This elite, he said, also included the bureaucracy who had become a partner with these politicians against whom the people have great disenchantment. The United States, he said, must learn to deal with the people of Pakistan and not just the elite only. This remark, read with his praise for the MQM leadership, was immediately seen as a suggestion to the US authorities to talk directly to the MQM, or those who could take over the MQM if Altaf Hussain was removed from the picture. "Pakistan has a lack of political culture, lack of tolerance and Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif cannot disengage themselves. This has to be changed through an evolutionary process and not through a revolution," the retreat COAS said. Gen Beg, however, discounted the idea that the Pakistan army may, or should, intervene and said the tradition that he had laid down in 1988 was being followed by the army leadership. "The army has no appetite for power. They are no more interested, although a very strong interest group had developed with those people who thrive around martial law administrators," he said. He said it was a sign of political maturity in the army and "they have told the government and the people that the mess was created by the politicians and they should clear it." He was closely questioned about Pakistan's nuclear programme and the issue of M-11 missiles from Pakistan. The general said he had signed the deal for M-11 missiles with China but according to his information these missiles had not come to Pakistan so far. He said the indigenous missile programme that he had initiated would have provided Pakistan with the same capability as M-11 Chinese missiles, if that programme had continued. He could not say whether or not the Hatf missiles 1, 2 and 3 were being produced by Pakistan. He said Pakistan and India must adhere to the cote of conduct they had agreed to and utilise the hotline that had been established to avoid any misunderstandings. This code of conduct was not followed during the Brasstacks Exercise which led to mobilisation of forces on both sides, he remarked. Describing Kashmir as the core issue and the only issue between India and Pakistan, Gen Beg said the war in Kashmir was a liberation struggle which would reach its logical end. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950707 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Korangi families flees as rangers, MQM men fight ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Ghulam Hasnain KARACHI, July 6: Hundreds of families abandoned their Korangi houses as 12 more people fell victim on the second day of gunbattles between rangers and the MQM militants on Thursday. Elsewhere in the city four people were killed raising the six days' death toll to 64. "Several unidentified corpses are Iying in the streets. For the last four days the bodies of two teenagers have been rotting near my residence. Crows and hens are eating the flesh. No one, either from the police or the Edhi Trust, has yet come to remove the 'dead. They seem to be outsiders who fell victim during the heavy shooting," said Iqbal Khan, 45, of Korangi. Eyewitnesses confirmed the reports that a number of bodies had been Iying in the streets for the last three days. "No one is going near the bodies. Some who dared were wounded in sniping," said a Korangi resident. Till the time this report was filed 12 bodies were brought to the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre for autopsy. Reports pouring in at Edhi and the police control revealed several more bodies were still lying in the streets of Korangi. Hundreds of rangers and the personnel of Frontier Constabulary resumed their operation in the morning and exchanged heavy fire with MQM activists. Dozens of police sharp shooters, most of whom were summoned from Sukkur, took positions on the rooftops and key themselves busy with the militants during the day. "For the last three days we don't hate any electricity. The bullets also damaged many overhead watertanks. We are unable to go out owing to heavy shooting," said Iqbal Khan. In the morning, the youths set on fire three mini buses and put three police armoured cars out of commission by shooting at them with Rifle-5 bullets, powerful to pierce through steel-plated vehicles. The rangers also acquired armoured carriers from the army to raid parts of Korangi which are still beyond the control of police as the MQM militants are using mounted machine-guns. "We cannot enter parts of Korangi as the MQM activists are using mounted machine-guns against us. We are expected to raid these areas early Friday morning," said an official. "There are at least 200 armed MQM militants fighting in the area. At least 50 of them are the most hardline party workers. We have surrounded the entire area. Now there is no chance for them to escape," said Sub- Inspector Mohammad Iqbal of Korangi police station. Neighbours, however, claimed that some activists of Haqiqi are also fighting, alongwith rangers and police, to take over the control of Nasir Colony and other strongholds of MQM. Some residents alleged that the rangers had launched the operation in the MQM strongholds in Korangi to hand these areas over to Haqiqi workers. A number of Korangi residents claimed that hundreds of men, women and children had abandoned their houses and left the area by using narrow lanes leading to the Korangi industrial area, which is comparatively peaceful and open. "People started leaving their houses with whatever belongings they could carry in their hands. People are afraid of heavy sniping. In our neighbourhood, there were at least three to four people who died in their houses when hit by bullets," said Junaid Alam Qadri. "The body of one of the neighbours who was hit by bullets atop the roof of his house on Wednesday was shifted to the hospital after 24 hours today. My brother personally shifted the body of Shakil Nizamuddin, 18. The body was left at Edhi Centre as the father of the boy w4rking in Qatar had not yet reached Karachi," he said. Neighbours claimed that the police sharpshooters are firing at every moving object. "We have been made hostage in our own houses. We don't know what to do. There is no electricity. MQM terrorists are fighting with the rangers and police," said a neighbour. In parts of Korangi where the rangers managed to enter, the police acquired the help of residents to fill up the trenches dug by the MQM activists. "But the intermittent shooting sabotaged the filling work. People are afraid to come out of their houses," said a police officer. Till early Friday morning, the gunbattle was continuing in Korangi with reports that the MQM militants are also using anti-tank rockets against rangers and police. The bodies which were brought to the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre on Thursday were identified as those of Shakil, 18, Mohammad Akhtar, 26, Nazir Ahmed 26, Wali Mohammad 20, and seven unidentified. At least 12 people, including two children, were wounded in the Korangi shooting on Thursday. All of them were admitted to JPMC. In Malir City, a father was killed and his two young sons were wounded when they were attacked by unidentified men. The victim was identified as Allah Noor, 45. His wounded sons were identified as Jumma Khan and Mihu Khan. An unidentified body was found wrapped in a sack in Saeedabad. A 50-year-old man was killed in the Eidgah area. Police found his body near the shrine of Alam Shah Bokhari in the evening. An eight-year-old boy who was wounded in Korangi on Wednesday died in the hospital on Thursday. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950708 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-councillor's death sparks off new clashes ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI, July 7: The death of a former councillor of the MQM in police custody sparked off fresh violence m the city on Friday. Mohammad Aslam Sabzwari, 40, who was wanted by the government in over 45 cases of murder and arson and carried head money of Rs 1.5 million, was arrested rangers and police on Thursday afternoon. His body, with severe marks of torture was brought to the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre at 9 am on Friday where Dr Ayaz Ali carried out the autopsy. Soon after the post-mortem examination, government officials took the control of the body and did not inform the finally. The MQM came to know about the incident from the newsmen late in the afternoon. The MQM criticised the extrajudicial killing of Sabzwari of Nazimabad and decided to observe Sunday and Monday as mourning days. It asked the government to immediately arrest those responsible for his murder. Otherwise, it said, it would announce its new strategy on Monday. Police, however, claimed that when they had arrested Aslam Sabzwari on Thursday night, he "already bore the torture marks." "At 4 in the morning he had a heart attack and died on his way to hospital," said a police officer. The news of his murder sparked off violence in parts of District Central on Friday. Witnesses reported heavy shooting in the air and clashes between rangers and armed youths in Nazimabad, Paposhnagar and the surrounding areas. Elsewhere in the city six people fell victim to, sniping and targeted attacks. Korangi where the rangers oyeration entered the third day on Friday remained largely calm with intermittent shooting in the air. Witnesses claimed that scores of families abandoned their houses on Friday fearing maltreatment by the rangers during house-to-house search. Major parts of Korangi remained without power and water on Friday. Meanwhile a spokesman for the ISPR claimed that the army did not provide any armoured personnel carriers to rangers to carry out operation in Korangi and said the rangers were using their own APCs in the area. Abu Tahir, 30, believed to be an illegal Bangali immigrant; was kidnapped and later his body was thrown in a playground in the jurisdiction of Pak Colony police station. Head Constable Ikhlak Ahmed said the victim was shot in the head and back. His body was found in an Eidgah in Modern Colony in the afternoon. Safdar, 30, was shot dead in Rasheedabad Area of Baldia. In the same locality, protesters also set ablaze a taxi. An unidentified 35-year-old man was tortured and killed in Mominabad area of Orangi. The victim, whose hands were tied, was wearing a dark brown shirt and a pair of trousers and had a full beard. Police said the victim was subjected to severe torture. Mukhtar Ahmed was killed in Orangi, and Mohammad Khalid, 21, who was wounded in Baloch Goth of Orangi on June 26, died in hospital on Friday. An unidentified 25-year-old man was shot dead in the jurisdiction of Alflah police station. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950708 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Strike extended for 2 days ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI, July 7: The Mohajir Qaumi Movement Coordination Committee announced here on Friday-the first day of its twice-a week protest strike-to continue its strike on Sunday and Monday to denounce the alleged killing in police custody of Aslam Sabzwari, a former KMC councillor. According to a written text, MQM deputy parliamentary leader Shoaib Bokhari made this announcement at a hurriedly called Press conference at Nine-Zero on Friday night. He was flanked by the members of the MQM Coordination Committee and the negotiation team. He said Mr Sabzwari, who was I elected KMC councillor (ward 181) on MQM ticket in 1987, was picked up by police near the Registration Office ins North Nazimabad on Thursday noon. Belying the police version, Mr Bokhari said the late councillor had never been a heart patient, and he did not suffer any heart attack in the past. Instead he was tortured to death. "His body had several marks of torture." "Soon after the beginning of June 1992 operation against the MQM, Sabzwari and other party workers went into hiding to evade arrest. Later authorities also placed head money on him," Mr Bokhari added. After scores of attacks at his residence, Mr Sabzwari's family shifted to some unknown place, but then, too, the police arrested his younger apolitical brother Rashid Sabzwari, presently languishing in Khairpur prison, Mr Bokhari said. "Soon after his arrest I rang up the special cell at Chief Minister's House on phone 134, but as the minister-on-duty, Zafar Keghari, was with the chief minister, I could not talk to him," he said. Mr Bokhari said he briefed Abdul Aleem, the private secretary to Sindh chief minister, and then talked to Khusro Pervaiz, the deputy commissioner, Central, and he confirmed the arrest. "Besides informing the editors of two evening dailies, I faxed a letter to President Sardar Farooq Ahmad Leghari informing him about Sabzwari's arrest. Then I sent a cable to the Chief Justice of Sindh High Court," Mr Bokhari added. He alleged that after killing him in custody the police took his body to the Jinnah Post-Graduate Centre and declared that Mr Sabzwari had died of a heart attack. Mr Bokhari demanded of the government to arrest the killers of Mr Sabzwari and to pay Rs 1,500,000 to his family. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950708 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-councillor dies in custody ------------------------------------------------------------------- KARACHI, July 7: 4-year-old activist of Mohajir Qaumi Movement, Aslam Sabzwari, wanted by the army; rangers and police since the beginning of operation clean-up in the city on June 19, 1992, died in police custody, 16 hours after his arrest on Friday. An MQM leader Shoaib Bokhari, who saw the body of Aslam Sabzwari told Dawn that the right eye-ball of the deceased was miss ing while his left hand was drilled and blood was oozing from his ears, nose and mouth due to internal injuries. "We have with us his photographs showing he had been tortured to death", he said. Aslam Sabzwari, 40, an ex-councillor of the MQM, was arrested by some plain-clothed personnel of law-enforcement agencies at 12:30 pm outside the National Registration Office in Nazimabad on Thursday. Soon after the incident, the MQM contacted the police and the local administration and sent a telex to the President to express the fear that Sabzwari would be killed during interrogation. At 3:30 pm, the DC (Central) Khusro Parvez confirmed that Mr Sabzwari was arrested by the police and assured the MQM that he would not be killed in custody. On Friday morning the officials of Karachi administration brought Sabzwari's body at Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre where his post- mortem was conducted in a hurry. The officials told the body with them soon after the post-mortem. The city administration did not inform the family of the victim or his party about the death of the former councillor till late in the afternoon, The MQM only came to know about Sabzwari's death through newsmen who rang up Azizabad to know the political affiliation of the victim. Doctors confirmed that Mr Sabzwari died of severe torture. But the District Central Police claimed that When they arrested Sabzwari on Thursday night, his body had marks of torture. Police claimed they arrested Sabzwari when he was crossing a road in Liaquatabad on Thursday night. "When we arrested him, he told us that he has been released after 24 hours of torture by some unidentified men. He was taken to the Gulberg police station where he named his captors. A separate case has been registered in this regard. As his case was being registered, he had an heart attack. He was taken to the hospital. But he died on his way," said a police handout. Sources said soon after the arrest on Thursday afternoon, the former councillor was taken to the Special Investigation Cell of District Central in Federal B Area. The ex-councillor who was wanted by the Sindh government in over 45 cases of murder and arson and who: carried a head money of Rs 1.5 million was interrogated by SIC chief Inspector Haji Muhammad Anwar and other officers of various law-enforcement agencies He was the third MQM activist who died in custody during the last two weeks. Earlier, its Lines Area worker Mohammad Saqib, who was arrested by the rangers in June was found dead on July 2 with unidentified men handed his body to the Edhi Centre. Another MQM activist, Umer Ahmed, arrested by the police in Al Falah area, died when he mysteriously fell down from the third floor of an under-construction building. Police later claimed that the victim took a police party headed by DSP Chaudhary Latif to the said building saying that some of his companions were hiding there. "When police reached there, the suspect fled and jumped to death", said a police officer. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950709 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 shot dead in city violence ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI, July 8: A young woman factory worker, two MQM activists and a ranger were among the 11 people who fell victim to violence on Saturday, raising the eight-day death toll to 82. The second day of the weekly MQM protest accept the city paralysed with its major markets, shops and commercial centres closed. The protest hampered industrial activities, port operations and kept attendance in private offices thin. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950710 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 gunned down in city ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Ghulam Hasnain KARACHI, July 9: Fear kept the city shut for the third consecutive day on Sunday as 10 more people, including a teenaged girl, fell victim to violence raising the month's death toll to 92. Threatening telephone calls and staff shortage kept industries, banks and financial institutions, public and private offices, major markets and shopping centres closed. Even the Karachi Stock Exchange was forced to keep share trading suspended in view of the volatile law and order situation and the government's inability to restore public confidence. The prevailing uncertainty and chaos played havoc with the trade and industry, and businessmen on Sunday called for immediate action to arrest the fast-deteriorating situation. "It is severely affecting the economy. Political settlement is a must. Day by day, suffering of the common man is increasing. People at the helm of affairs should immediately check the law and order situation. Without Karachi, you cannot even run the industries in other parts of the country," said business leader Tariq Saeed. "The government should immediately overcome the crisis. If the present situation continues, al1 the city industrial units will turn into sick units," said industrialist Haroon Rashid. Starving vendors risked their lives to sell fruit, vegetables and other goods at various street corners and intersections on Sunday. Some shopkeepers also did business with half-opened shutters. But the worst affected ate still tens of thousands of daily wage-earners whose miseries have been compounded by continued closure. Two local PPP leaders were killed and five others wounded in the afternoon when unidentified men sprayed a crowded estate agent's of fice in New Karachi with bullets. Malik Yousuf, 25, general secretary, PPP, ward No. 136, and excouncillor Aslam Shah, who was also the member of the Zakat committee, died on the spot. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950711 ------------------------------------------------------------------- City limping back to normality ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI July, 10: After a day closure, the city started returning to normality on Monday, with no major incident reported. Shops and markets were open, work resumed in offices and industries and traffic plied smoothly. In the troubled localities Nazimabad, Korangi, Orangi, Baldia and Malir- also remained peaceful. There were, however, scattered incidents of violence in which six people were killed. In Paposhnagar, from where the funeral procession of former MQM councillor Mohammad Aslam Sabzwari was brought out, shops and markets remained closed. Hundreds of MQM supporters turned up to pay homage to the man allegedly killed in police custody. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950712 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 16 killed in city violence ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHE, July 11: Violence in the city on Tuesday claimed 16 more lives raising the death toll to 114 in 11 days which is a record since 1992. Among the dead were three Mohajir Qaumi Movement workers, two policemen, a People's Party activist, a doctor and a woman. The death of 16 people in the wake of the government-MQM talks in Islamabad on Tuesday evening caught the police off-guard who had expected a calm day. These killings, police sources claimed, gave an impression that there were several hit squads simultaneously operating in the city. Most of the people were killed in areas where rangers recently completed their operations against "terrorists and anti-state elements". Dr Sarfaraz Ali Shah, 35, an ENT consultant at the Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, was gunned down in Nazimabad No 7 near Karachi Laboratory. The armed men, police claimed, were waiting or the doctor when his car was ambushed. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950713 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Violence claims 11 lives ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Our Staff Reporter KARACHI, July 12: Eleven people, including a police officer, were killed in different incidents of violence in the city on Wednesday. A suspect died in custody, which led to the suspension of four policemen. Violence erupted in Al-Falah area of Malir in the afternoon, after two kidnapped brothers were found dead in an abandoned car. Heavy contingents of police backed by armoured personnel carriers were rushed to the affected area to stop rival Sindhi end Baloch neighbours >from shooting at each other. Abdul Qayyum and Abdul Hamid both residents of Siddiq Goth, a Sindhi neighbourhood, used to visit the shrine of Gharib Shah in nearby Hansabad area, despite warning to them not to visit the locality by the local Baloch neighbourhood. In Wednesday, they were kidnapped and killed. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found in an abandoned white Charade car (V-9611). The incident sparked ethnic tension between Balochs and Sindhis of the locality. A house-to-house search was conducted by the police for the arrest of killers. The troubled localisation of Korangi witnessed another round of a gunbattle between armed youths and members of law enforcement agencies. Police raided some parts of Korangi with the help of armoured personnel carrier, exchanged heavy shooting with the militants but were unable to make any arrests. The policemen who were suspended were identified as Sub-Inspector Sadiq, Head-Constable Shaharyar and constables Bakhzada and Imam Bux. They were suspended on charges of negligence, inefficiency and dereliction from duty. An inquiry was also ordered against them. A 32-year-old police officer was gunned down in Site police station area in the afternoon. ASI Alam Khan who was posted at the Mauripur police station was going on his motorcycle to the office of DSP Baldia when he was intercepted and killed.
US president seek formal approval on refund issue
FromShaheen Sehbai

WASHINGTON, July 6: The Clinton Administration appears ready to seek
congressional approval next week to refund the entire money Pakistan
paid for the F-16 fighters as well as deliver the other equipment worth
about 700 million dollars.

Diplomatic sources said a marathon legislative battle was expected on
the floor of the Senate as President Clinton makes his promised move to
undo the wrong done to Pakistan by the Pressler Amendment.

The President has apparently decided that Pakistan should be refunded
658 million dollars-the full cost it paid for the F-16 fighter planes.

But sources say this will not be possible without seeking Congress
appropriation as the planes could be sold to a third country but the
price expected was not yet known and Clinton fears it may not be what
Pakistan had paid.

So to make up the balance, Congress has to be approached for approval
and the process begins next week in the Senate where amendments by
Senator Doug Bereuter and Benjamin Gillman are pending approval.

The key part of Clinton's decision is to deliver the other equipment
Pakistan paid for-spare parts, missiles, helicopter night vision
technology, radars-and it is to block this part of his decision that the
anti-Pakistan lobbyists would make their concerted efforts.

"These decisions practically mean that the United States was trying to
bypass the Pressler sanctions and remove a major irritant from the
relations between Islamabad and Washington," diplomatic sources say.

The encouraging sign for Pakistan is the bipartisan approach taken by
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the Bereuter Amendment which
was adopted by 16 to 2 votes. These two negative voters-Senators
Sarbanes and Biden-are likely to be major opponents besides Larry
Pressler himself, when the matter comes up on the Senate floor sometimes
next week.

Pressler has already filed his ammunition by releasing his
correspondence with President Clinton and placing on record his answers
to all the arguments that are given for lifting the sanctions.

Senator Hank Brown, in a retaliatory move, has placed the text of the
joint news conference by President Clinton and Prime Minister Benazir
Bhutto on April 11, in the Senate Congressional record. He is expected
to lead the Pakistani case.

The process to be followed to get the Congressional approval involves
consultations with main Senate leaders, both Republican and Democrat,
and formulation of language that could easily sail through the full

"Everybody agrees that Pakistan should not get the planes. That is
final. So Pakistan has to be refunded the money. Clinton says the entire
money should be returned while others are not sure where it would come
from, although part of it would come from sale of the planes to a third
country," an expert said.

"Disagreement would come when the Administration asks the senators to
permit the return of the new  equipment Pakistan has paid for, as many
think that Pakistan must be doing more on the non-proliferation front to
qualify for a waiver of the Pressler sanctions," he said.

Once the Senate passes an agreed version of what was to be done,
consolations would be held with the leaders of the House of
Representatives to reach the final consensus.

Pakistani sources say while the battle through the Congress to get
Pressler sanctions eased would be tough and challenging, there was
likelihood that Pakistan may after all achieve a break through in the
next two weeks.

The threat of a Presidential veto of the main Foreign Assistance Bill
which incorporates these amendments in favour of Pakistan is also very
serious and if that happens Pakistan would have been caught in the cross
fire of domestic American politics.

But Pakistani sources say once a bipartisan accord was reached on
relations with Pakistan, even if the main Bill was vetoed, the portion
concerning Pakistan may be passed by both the Houses as a separate Bill.

"Incidentally easing sanctions against Pakistan is the only issue in
domestic U.S. politics on which the two main parties agree," a senior
Pakistani diplomat said.

US finds no proof of missile sale
FromOur Staff Correspondent

WASHINGTON, July 6: The State Department stated categorically on
Wednesday that concrete, straight forward, direct and factual evidence
had not yet been made available to the United States regarding sale of
M-11 missiles by China to Pakistan.

Spokesman Nick Burns said at the regular briefing that the US government
had not determined, based on the information available, whether or not
the reported action by China constituted a violation of either US
sanctions law or of China's international commitments under the MTCR.

"It is a very serious accusation that has been made. And therefore there
needs to be a very serious and concrete factual evidence produced to
substantiate those claims," Mr Burns said.

The Washington Post had reported two days back that Pakistan had
received 30 M-11 missiles but, as evidence, only the presence of some
crates at Sargodha air base was cited. Pakistan diplomats scoffed at the
story, saying: "Now we will-have to ban crates from our air bases as

Mr Burns said if the US determined that concrete,. factual information
was present, then we will act accordingly. But we have not yet made that

Asked if there was a problem over definition of missiles, Mr Burns said
the problem was the difference between circumstantial evidence and
concrete, straightforward, direct, factual evidence.

"What China is being accused of in the newspapers and by some unnamed
government officials is quite serious. It would lead to the imposition,
if the administration chose to go that route, of sanctions that would be
quite serious; therefore we are taking it quite seriously, but we are
also taking it responsibly," he said.

"We are looking into the charges, and we have not yet developed
information that would lead us to talk the kind of action that was
predicted in the Washington Post."

Pakistan sources say the spate of anti-Pakistan stories in the US media
is probably linked to the moves in the US Congress to ease Pressler
sanctions against Pakistan and restore the economic aid and part of the
military equipment that Pakistan has paid for.
PPP has no plan to oust Wattoo
Bureau Report

LAHORE, July 7: The PPP declared here on Friday that removal of Mr
Manzoor Wattoo as the Punjab chief minister was not its target and it
only wanted implementation of the power-sharing formula. 

"We don't want to remove anybody. We want power sharing", Punjab
President of the PPP Malik Mushtaq Awan said while talking briefly to a
group of reporters at the residence of Local Government Minister Syed
Nazim Husain Shah. 

Mr Awan, accompanied by Senior Minister Makhdoom Altaf Ahmed, had held
extensive talks on the subject with Governor Raja Saroop Khan and Chief
Minister Manzoor Wattoo at the Governor's House on Thursday night.

The statement comes after Governor Saroop Khan said in an interview that
no change would be made in the existing set-up an Manzoor Wattoo would
continue a the chief minister. He had also said that there were some
misunder standings between the coalition partners which would be
resolved The governor also made it clear the no fundamental change in
the power-sharing formula was under consideration and it would only b

Said Mr Awan: "We have already settled some issues and the rest are also
being discussed".

Shortly- after Mr Awan, local government minister Nazim Shah said Mr
Wattoo was only the "captain" of the team in the Punjab and not the
leader of the PPP ministers and MPAs. "He (Wattoo) is not our leader. He
is our partner and should act like a partner", said the local government
minister who has always made the chief minister target of his criticism.

The PPP, the minister said, wanted to keep the coalition going on but
much depended on the attitude of the chief minister.

Asked whether the PPP wanted to make Mr Wattoo a powerless chief
minister, Syed Nazi Shah replied in the negative. He said had it been
so, the PPP would not have withdrawn departments of $GAD&I and Home from
its former principal adviser Syed Faisal Saleh Hayat and handed them
over to Mr Wattoo, Now, he said, Mr Wattoo should; also teciprocate in
the same way.

The chief minister should keep in mind that a captain could not play
without his team and he has to take the team along, the minister said.
He said he was not challenging the chief minister but telling the latter
that he should work in accordance with the rules.

Nawaz says he follows principles
FromM. Ziauddin

ISLAMABAD, July 9: Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has claimed in a
newspaper article re-asked on Sunday under his name that as leader of
the opposition he has remained loyal to the state, adhered to democracy
and the Constitution, practised principled politics and opposed the
government on policy issues. 

The article 'My role as the leader of the opposition', meant to be
published in the national dailies on Monday, compares his attitude as
leader of the opposition with that of Ms Bhutto when she was in
opposition, and alleges that the opposition of 1990-93 had "devoted most
of its attention to maligning the government in distant capitals of the
world". Eire further claims that he has never allowed opposition to the
government to spill over to a point "where it could even be construed as
less than absolute loyalty to the state". 

"No asylum-seeking, flag-burning Jiyalas no hunger strikes in front of
Pakistan's foreign mission no interviews with foreign news media
undermining the country's nuclear programme," pronounces the article
which reads like the usual Press release of the PML media centre,
largely punctuated with oft-repeated allegations and accusations against
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and partly a cliche-ridden self-praise of
the PML chief. 

Stating that his opposition has been most vociferous and forceful
whenever the government had deviated from the established norms of
democratic practices, the leader of the opposition listed briefly what
in his opinion were those deviations:

"Politicising the state institutions and superior judiciary,
marginalising the national parliament and disregard for the rulings of
the speaker National Assembly and chairman Senate were issues of such
grave importance that the opposition had no option but resort to popular

He said the tone and tenor of the opposition changed only after the
"unconstitutional dismissal" of the NWFP government through a
presidential proclamation, which was again " changed only hours before
it was due to lapse " without presenting it before parliament " and
sacking of the speaker of the NWFP Assembly without any legal authority
or constitutional provision." 

Recalling the events leading up to his resignation in August 1993, he
said: "When it came to choosing between power and principle, we had no
difficulty in opting for the principles. Politics of principles had to
start somewhere some day. We are proud to have initiated it." 

On the other hand, "when their (PPP's) government is sacked it is
'treasonable and a 'coupe d'etat".

When the same thing is done on their behalf to others it is an epitome
of sound democratic practice. A court decision in their favour is a
legal victory, one that goes against them is attributable to 'chamak'
and such a court is a 'kangaroo court'. A government is democratic if
they are in power even if their speaker, deputy speaker, all the
provincial governors, chief minister Punjab, half of the federal cabinet
and umpteen powerful advisers are borrowed from the regime that they are
supposed to have struggled against so valiantly."
He said the PML had been quite clear in its mind about its role as the
opposition: "We recognise the government's right to govern, even this
But "we do not recognise the government's 'right to disobey the
Constitution, subvert national institutions and damage democracy. Nor
can we allow a government to endanger the vital interests and security
of the country."
He expresses satisfaction "upon what we may have managed to achieve in
the past 20 months".  "No longer does this government go to distant
capitals of the world and talk against the country's nuclear programme,
the prime minister no longer talks of helping India and so on," he adds.

According to him he has forced the prime minister to change tack and
instead of shoring up support for herself as anti-nuclear exponent and
appeaser to our historic adversaries, "she has taken to championing the
cause of anti-fundamentalism."

However, he hastens to add that "the newest blunder (championing the
cause of anti-fundamentalism) will isolate us totally and completely".

Listing his and his party's woes in opposition, he asks: "Did we suffer
because of our defiance and agitation?" And answers the question
himself: "May be, may be not!" 

In the end, he again makes the oft-repeated claim: "In the past 20
months that I have led the opposition and two years since I became
leader of my party, Pakistan Muslim League has gone from strength to
strength. More people voted for Muslim League in 1993 than any other
party, including the ruling party.
PML is stronger today than it was in October 1993. Despite 20 months of
a frontal assault by a Bhutto oligarchy, the opposition is more united
than ever in the chequered history of democracy of our motherland.
"Leadership in any walk of life, in any society and all through history,
has been about one's ability to inspire confidence in the steadfastness
in the face of opposition. I am thankful to Allah Almighty and grateful
to my colleagues that we have not been found wanting on any of the
above," concludes Mian Nawaz Sharif.

Kabul again points a finger at Pakistan
FromAnjum Niaz

ISLAMABAD, July 6: The war of words between Pakistan and Afghanistan
continued unabated on Thursday as diplomatic sources here summarily
dismissed MQM leader Altaf Hussain's plea to Afghan President Rabbani
for help in resolving the Karachi crisis, while Afghan officials here
blamed Islamabad for sabotaging their efforts to reconcile warring
factions within Afghanistan by endorsing the return of the former king,
Zahir Shah, to Kabul.

"We don't need to react to a letter reportedly sent to President Rabbani
by Altaf Hussain. We are told similar letters from the MQM leader have
gone out to other capitals of the world, a senior foreign office
official told Dawn when asked to respond.

Meanwhile, the Afghan political adviser, Engineer Abdul Rahim, till
recently the Afghan charged affairs in Washington, confirmed to this
correspondent the receipt of Mr Hussain's letter by President Rabbani:
"We don't know the contents of the letter and the nature of help being
sought by Mr Hussain from our President to help end bloodshed in
Karachi." He said his country wielded enough influence here to mediate
between the Pakistan government and the MQM : "but we will only do so if
Islamabad invites our help," he made it clear.

The senior Afghan diplomat was blunt in comprising Pakistan's "negative"
role to the "positive" role by India and Afghan affairs: "The Indian
Charged d'Affaires in Kabul has made an offer to us which is too good to
be turned down," he said, stating that Indian had offered to
"reconstruct" war-raged Kabul, while Pakistan was covertly helping the
opposition leader Hikmatyar to destroy Kabul through an expected rocket
attack: "In such an event who would you choose, India or Pakistan?".

Surprised about Pakistan's knee-jerk reaction to India supplying weapons
to Kabul, Abdul Rahim asked: "What kind of security threat is Pakistan
fearing? It should tell us. What is wrong if we buy military equipment
from  Delhi and Moscow-they are not long-range weapons meant for

He again voiced surprise and regret at Foreign n Minister Sardar Assef's
statements to the Press concerning his forthcoming visit to Kabul where
he intended to take up the issue of interference from India and Russia
with President Rabbani.

"Sardar Assef cancelled his visit to Kabul last month when we advised
him to avoid visiting places (Mazar Sharif, Herat, Jalalabad and
Kandahar) other than Kabul," said Mr Rahim. "Now, we hear through the
Press that he has rescheduled his visit to Afghanistan on July 16," he
said, indicating a lapse of protocol on Pakistan's part, since Kabul had
not been consulted. "We will not allow anyone to undermine Kabul's
central authority through negative activities, nor will we be dictated

Unhappy with the present "attitude" of Islamabad towards Kabul and its
efforts to dislodge Rabbani, Abdul Rahim wondered why and at whose
behest was Pakistan bent upon "destroying" brotherly relations with its
neighbour Afghanistan: "why is Islamabad allowing to become a base or a
conduit for a foreign power when the cold war has ended. By behaving in
this manner, it would be losing the opportunity to befriend
Afghanistan," warned the diplomat.

Drug baron arrested in Quetta
FromOur Staff Correspondent

QUETTA, July 8: The police arrested a former MPA and proclaimed offender
in a drug trafficking case, Mir Asim Murad alias Gallu, with seven other
armed men, here on Saturday. 

Asim Kurd was declared a proclaimed offender by the Balochistan High
Court in a narcotic smuggling case registered by the Pakistan Narcotic
Control Board (PNCB) in 1991, SSP Abid Notkani told reporters at a Press

He said Mir Kurd was also involved in a shootout between drug smugglers
and the Frontier Corps in the Baghchia Gul Mohammad area of District
Chagai near the Pak-Afghan border in 1991, in which five FC men were
killed and another six were kidnapped and taken to Afghanistan. 

The SSP said according to reports available to the police, Asim Kurd
was allegedly running the drug business and in 1992 he was chased by
a PNCB team in Quetta but he took refuge in the house of a provincial
minister who refused to hand him over to the authorities, saying that
it was against the local tradition to hand over a guest to his

Red-tapism may cost renowned artist's life 
FromNasir Malick

ISLAMABAD, July 9: The federal health ministry's red-tapism and its new
policy of allowing only parliamentarians to get themselves treated
abroad may cost a great artist, Ghulam Rasul, his life. 

Ghulam Rasul, popularly known as GR, who is a holder of the president's
pride of performance award, is suffering from a serious heart ailment
for the last four years and doctors at one of the country's most
prestigious hospitals, the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC),
have recommended surgery, saying his treatment here would be very risky.

Ghulam Rasul suffered a massive heart attack in April 1994 and remained
under treatment of Dr Shahbaz Ahmad Kurashi, consultant cardiologist of
the Federal Government Services Hospital, Islamabad, for about two

His case for treatment abroad, as recommended by renowned cardiologists,
was sent by the ministry of culture to the prime minister's special
adviser on health, Shahnaz Wazir Ali. However, the ministry of health
informed the artist that "due to lack of funds" he could not be sent
abroad and that he be treated at home. But the AFIC declared that his
treatment here was risky and suggested treatment abroad. Accordingly,
arrangements were made for his treatment at Cromwell Hospital in London
and he was asked by the medical specialists of Cromwell to reach London
by July 5 as his surgery had been fixed for July 9 at London Independent
Hospital as a special case, considering his serious condition. 

However, the bureaucrats at the health ministry are of the view that
only the parliamentarians are eligible for treatment abroad. In their
new policy, the health ministry had included the government servants
also but not as a matter of right. "As a rule medical treatment abroad
will be admissible to parliamentarians only (excluding their family

As a special case, government servants will also be allowed such medical
treatment abroad for very serious cases with the prior approval of the
prime minister on a case-to-case basis," the new policy of the health
ministry says. What can be a more serious case when the top consultants
of civil and armed forces say that Ghulam Rasul's case is not only
serious but his treatment in Pakistan is risky.


------------------------------------------------------------------- Recovery as political climate eases ------------------------------------------------------------------- AFTER initial weakness, stocks recovered after trade mid-week as proposed peace talks with the MQM and a good trade policy for the next year boosted market but it has still to go along way to be back on the rails. However, hopes were raised that together with export incentives successful talks with the MQM could pave a way for sustained recovery in the sessions to come. Some investors were sceptical about the developing situation and fear the peace might not be around. The market showed smart rallies on all the blue chip counters but the absence of genuine investors and some of the leading investors showed there are doubts in most minds about the peace in the city and it might not be an easy task to secure it in the backdrop lack of faith among the contenders of power. However some of the bargain hunters and speculators were active and lent strong tactical support apparently in a bid to push prices up and then to bail themselves out from the current impasse. Most analysts believe the two pronged official push, propose talks with the MQM and an exceptionally good trade policy should have restored the investor confidence but the killings in the city and the continued 'operation clean up' in some of the localities of the city were considered bearish factors as they could paved the way for a retaliation by the terrorists. After heavy early pruning, the KSE 100-share (1,610.05) price index finally managed to finish slightly better around as compared to 1,611.70 last week. At one stage it was quoted as low as 1,565.86 on early heavy selling. Floor brokers said the initial reaction of the market to the new trade policy was fairly encouraging as it will boost industrial production and investment but the buying euphoria on selected counters lacked the aggressiveness associated with a bull market owing mainly to tense city situation. They said the market might take some more days backed, of course, by positive peace initiatives, to fully adjust itself to the changed economic scenario but one thing appeared certain that it could be a long journey for it to be back on the rails. However, the near-term outlook might not be that bad as investors have reasons to buy at the current lows, although on short-tern basis., dealers said. There is a near-consensus among all that the new trade policy could provide the much-needed push to the market if followed judiciously, they maintained. They said industrial shares, which are chief beneficiaries of the new policy could well be bone of contention after the peace returns to the city as their attractively lower levels could attract any amount of covering purchases and new buying. The opening was a bit hesitant as investors could not immediately fathom how the market will react to MQM's willingness to sit across the table and sort out things with the officials on their demands and defuse city tension. But the much-needed lead was provided by some leading brokerage houses, which made in an extensive buying on selected counters, apparently setting ball rolling and shrewd one among the investors judiciously followed it. The news provided the much needed push and morale booster to the ailing market as it was yearning for peace after having been ruthlessly routed by the huge loss of human lives over the last six month, floor brokers said. "The talks might or might not succeed but they provide the much-needed breather to the market, which responding bullishly the news", they added. Analysts said the spontaneous bullish reaction of the market to a peace feeler demonstrated in more than one ways that there was nothing fundamentally wrong with the underlying sentiment. "Essentially, it is now a hostage city and until the strong terrorist hold an it is not broken, any rally could falter halfway", they added. Floor brokers said although the situation is still fraught with high risks but hoped investors will be back in the rings during the next few sessions as resumption of talks reflected some basic change in the perceptions of the contenders of power. "There might be some reservations about the outcome of talks among the top leaders on both sides of the great political divide but there are reasons to believe that both have sensed what could continued confrontations will mean if pressed further", they maintained. "And if there is a consensus between them to restore peace in the city, the trading pattern will tell a different story during the next few weeks", analysts said. But, a formidable section of leading investors was still in two minds about the changed scenario as far as peace in the city was concerned and kept to the sidelines apparently awaiting further developments. "We will await the outcome of proposed talks before resuming covering operations as we have no capacity no sustain further losses", leading among them said. The market advance was led by the bank shares, which came in for active short-covering at the lower levels and recovered partially under the lead of MCB, Soneri, Bank Al-Habib, Bears Stearns, and some others. But they have to go a long way to recoup heavy losses. ICP mutual find offered mixed reaction, falling and rising fractionally but some of the leading modaraba rose appreciably on active support followed by news of corporate announcements and so were leasing shares under the lead of Orix Leasing. American Life was heavily traded on strong buying at the current lower levels but Adamjee Insurance remained under pressure after being ex- dividend and ex-bonus. Textile shares fell fractionally across a broad front in the absence of strong-demand but synthetic shares rose after early weakness, major gainers among them being Dewan Salman and Pakistan Synthetics. Energy and cement shares despite being highly attractive for future investment at the current levels failed to attract active buying and ended mixed but leading among them rose. Chemical and pharmaceutical shares played on both sides of the fence amid active rolling of positions from some of the MNCs to the local blue chips. BOC Pakistan, Bawany Air, Engro Chemicals, Otsuka Pakistan and some other rose, while Glaxo Hoechst Pakistan and Pak Gum fell and so did Lever Brothers and some other pivotals on other counters. Trading volume rose to 34 million shares from the previous week's 23.150 million shares, bulk of which went to the credit of PTC vouchers, which were heavily traded each session. Hub Power followed them as it remained in strong demand all through the week on predictions that it was profitable to buy it at the are current level for long-term investment. Other actively traded shares were led Faysal Bank, Dewan Salman, LTV Modaraba, Dahn Fibre, Indus Motors, Pak-Suzuki Motors, Punjab, Askari Bank, and several others. Among the newly listed shares, American Life was most active, which proved it self the second active scrip of the week on heavy covering purchases. It accounted for over four million shares during the week followed by PTC shares.-Muhammad Aslam. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950709 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Power rates raised by up to 21.5pc from today ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromOur Special Correspondent LAHORE, July 8: WAPDA announced an increase of 14.5 per cent in electricity rates from Sunday which includes a 10 to 21.5 per cent increase for domestic users who constitute an overwhelming majority of its 8.8 million consumers throughout the country, excluding Karachi. The announcement was made at Press conference by WAPDA chairman Shamsul Mulk here on Saturday. He said the tariff for Industrial consumers had been increased by 10.5 per cent, commercial 13.5 per cent, agricultural 19 per cent, and bulk supply and others 15 per cent. He said while revising the power tariff, due protection had been given to the lowest slab of consumers in the domestic sector who consumer up to 50 units. Their rate had been Increased by 10 per cent from 86 paisa to 95 paisa per unit, i.e. an increase of nine paisa. This slab constitutes over 3.2 million consumers, one-third of the total WAPDA consumers and their bill would increase by only Rs 1.50 per month, the WAPDA chairman said. However, the most hard-hit would he the average domestic consumers using more than 50 units per month. The rate in this case has been increased by 23 paisa per unit from 106 paisa to 129 paisa per unit, showing a rise of 21.5 per cent. This means that on an average the electricity bill of people in this large category would increase by over one fifth. Similarly, the tariff for industrial consumers has been increased by 32 paisa from 298 paisa to 330 paisa; commercial by 64 paisa from 477 to 541 paisa, agricultural by 21 paisa from 110 to 131 paisa and bulk supply consumers like housing colonies, etc., for 40 paisa from 264 to 304 paisa, and all other consumers by 50 paisa from 322 to 382 paisa per unit. The average increase was calculated at 28 paisa per unit from 196 to 224 paisa per unit. This means that the WAPDA revenue from the sale of electricity would also increase by about 15 per cent provided there is no revenue leakage and there was full recovery of electricity dues. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950712 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Exports through third countries : Pakistan, textile talks begin ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromShaheen Sehbai WASHINGTON:1, July 11: Official negotiators from the United States and Pakistan began two days of textile talks in Washington on Tuesday to sort out the controversial issue of Pakistani exports through third countries. "We are going into the talks with an open mind but if they do not listen to us this time, we will have to seek other remedies like going to the Textile Monitoring Board of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)," one of the Pakistani officials told Dawn. There would be several issues including a number of customs problems, but the main question would be of circumvention of third country laws, specially in the bed linen categories, the official said. The talks, being held at the United States - Trade Representative's office, are also being monitored by private sector textile exporters who have a direct stake in their outcome, besides the two-member team of senior officials including Commerce Minister negotiator Naseem Qureshi and Quota Management official Nayyar Bari. The last round of these talks was held in March when the US negotiators promised to provide Pakistan documentary evidence that bedwear products originating from Pakistan had been shipped to the United States through Bangladesh to bypass quota restrictions. The US laws governing circumvention through third countries penalise the country of origin of products and several times the US authorities deduct the quotas while not being able to prove that the shipments actually originated from the penalised country. The bedwear quota for Pakistan was cut by 50 percent in 1992 on the same grounds and Pakistan filed a complaint in the Trade Surveillance Board at Geneva, the forum where all such trade disputes under GATT were resolved. In 1993, the TSB, which now has turned into TMB under the WTO, practically ruled in Pakistan's favour saying that both the US and Pakistan should go back and renegotiate their dispute-a milder way of telling the US that it was wrong. Those negotiations never took place until a fresh notice was issued to Pakistan for new circumventions in Category 361, cotton bed sheets. Pakistani exporters say after Pakistan won its case in the TSB and Washington refused to restore the deducted quota of 1.2 million pieces, Islamabad should have gone to the World Trade Organisation, the new trade body. Exporters say the WTO forum would be much better than TSB because it induces representation from both the developed and the developing countries. In January this year, the United States lifted all quotas on polyester bed sheets-the item for which Pakistan was penalised in 1992 which was interpreted by Pakistani officials as an admission that the item was not hurting the US business interests. Experts said the first day of the talks would be devoted to preliminaries but the US position would become clear and Pakistani side would know what line they were to take in the talks. Officials say the Textile Negotiator for the US side, who led the talks in the previous round, had been promoted and a new team leader would be heading the US side. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950708 ------------------------------------------------------------------- +++The Businesss & Financial Week ------------------------------------------------------------------- +++THIS special assistant to the prime minister on the social sector, Mrs Shahnaz Wazir Ali, called for preparing Pakistan's labour force for an effective integration into the global economy. +++THE government has asked the oil and gas marketing companies to compulsorily install compressed natural gas stations in the major cities of the country to provide a clean environment. +++THE ministry of commerce has extended the validity of the Import Policy Order, 1994, until further orders. +++THE recent musical extravaganza following a dinner at the Prime Minister's House has been described by a spokesman of the PML(N) as a callous and criminal insensitivity towards the tragic situation in Karachi. +++PAKISTAN and the IJS have begun consultations to tattled the problem money laundering by seizure of drug barons and, prosecution of those who bring their money to Pakistan and "whiten" it. +++PAKISTAN'S foreign exchange reserves registered an improvement of Rs 2,153 million, ending at Rs 75,574 million while notes in circulation dropped to Rs 234 285 million. +++FOR the second time in less than four years, Trans World Airlines (TWA), declared bankruptcy, submitting m the court a pre-arranged- arranged plan that gives a larger share of the carrier to its creditors. +++THE Environmental Protection of the Punjab has chalked out 10 new pollution control projects incurring a total cost of Rs 75.5 million. +++OVER the last five months, the Pakistan Baitul Mal provided food subsidies to-2,50,000 families. +++THE UAE, a key OPEC oil producer, will pursue austerity measures to tackled the budget deficit. +++PAKISTAN and Romania are to sign a new trade and economic pact soon to foster industrial cooperation. +++A shipyard is being set up at Port Qasim by Tristar Shipping Lines in collaboration with the State Ship Building Corporation of China at a cost of $120 million. +++THE Muslim Commercial Bank will set up its first branch at Bucharest, Romania by year's end, MCB sources said. +++The Lahore Tax Bar Association has condemned the imposition of 10 per cent tax duty on professionals and demanded of the government to withdraw it. +++AS a spin-off to the budget, coupled with the terrible law and order situation, those was a 4.81 per cent rise in the aggregate prices of 25 items. +++THE Preventive Collectorate of Customs. not only achieved the tax collection target but surpassed it. +++CHINA is drafting a series of new world trade regulations and j plans to come up with an anti dumping law by the end of 1995 +++PERSONAL income in the US dipped by 0.2 per cent in May and spendin8 rose 0.7 per cent, the US Commerce Department announced recently. +++THE Chairman, SITE Association of Industry, Yakub Karim has called upon all industrialists to observe the Employment of Children Act, 1991, in right earnest. +++THE Federal Anti-Corruption Committee, headed by Senator Malik Qasim has been allowed access to the information regarding corruption cases and default loans of the nationalised commercial banks. +++THE National Westminster Bank, one of the United Kingdom's t premier banks, has launched a revolutionary electronic cash system which could have far-reaching changes in the way people pay for goods and services worldwide. +++THE UN has predicted that Third World economies will continue to grow by 5 per cent through 1996. ------------------------------------------------------------------- SUBSCRIBE TO HERALD TODAY ! ------------------------------------------------------------------- Every month the Herald captures the issues, the pace and the action, shaping events across Pakistan's lively, fast-moving current affairs spectrum. Subscribe to Herald and get the whole story. Annual Subscription Rates : Latin America & Caribbean US$ 93 Rs. 2,700 North America & Australasia US$ 93 Rs. 2,700 Africa, East Asia Europe & UK US$ 63 Rs. 1,824 Middle East, Indian Sub-Continent & CAS US$ 63 Rs. 1,824 Please send the following information : Payments (payable to Herald) can be by crossed cheque (for Pakistani Rupees), or by demand draft drawn on a bank in New York, NY (for US Dollars). Name, Postal Address, Telephone, Fax, e-mail address, old subscription number (where applicable). Send payments and subscriber information to : G.M Circulation, The Herald P.O.Box 3740, Karachi, Pakistan We also accept payments through American Express Visa or Master. Allow 45 days for first issue.


------------------------------------------------------------------- The clanging chains ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Ardeshir Cowasjee JUNE 29, Black Thursday for Pakistan's Press. "Never in the bleak history of Pakistan, not even under the tyrants who have ruled over us, have six newspapers been banned by the stroke of a single pen, using the cover of the draconian Maintenance of Public Order Ordinance 1960. This was done by the government of the state you head, without it having assigned any justifiable specific reason. An appeal against an order passed under the MPO Ordinance lies only (with) the government. This is tantamount to appealing to Nero for relief against a death sentence handed down by Nero." So wrote Press historian Zamir Niazi to Farooq Leghari, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, on Saturday, July 1, 1995, renouncing the Pride of Performance award conferred upon him this year and returning the Rs 50,000 that accompanied it. Saturday July 2, 1995, from a news item in The Nation: "On a question about the ban on Karachi eveningers (Federal Commerce Minister Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar) said that in view of circumstances and the role played by these eveningers the ban was justified and added that if such a ban had to be imposed on the whole of the Press, including morning newspapers, to save the country, it would be imposed." On Monday, July 3, the Pressmen of Pakistan announced their decision to stop their presses on July 5. There would be no newspapers on Thursday July 6. A Dawn headline read: "Nation-wide newspaper strike on Wednesday." A retrogressive move. The people of Pakistan are tired of strikes. As it is, nine-tenths of the country does not work on a working day. The Pressmen should have unanimously decided that all the papers of Pakistan distributed that Thursday would have heavily black- bordered front pages on which would be printed a jointly agreed identical editorial, and identical reports on how the Press has been mauled by the various governments we have suffered since the birth of our country. This would not have been a difficult task. Excerpts could have been taken from Zamir's trilogy, The Press in Chains, The Press Under Siege, and The Web of Censorship, the three books for which he was given his presidential award. On Monday, July 3, having established that the freedom of the Press in Pakistan had been wilfully and arbitrarily infringed upon by the government, the powerful and extremely well represented Committee for the Protection of Journalists, based in New York, faxed Benazir and Leghari expressing its concern at the action which "reflects a broader deterioration of Press freedom in Pakistan..." and urging them to lift the ban on the six newspapers. It took just the passage of minutes to inform the whole wide world exactly how on June 29 the freedom of the Press had been wildly and harshly struck at by the government of Pakistan in its unwarranted stupidity. On Thursday, July 4, American Independence Day, under a fullpage eight column wide banner headline, the influential Washington Post informed the people of America and "gave a detailed analysis of how Benazir Bhutto was going for the media, highlighting the closure of six Karachi dailies last week and quoting journalists and media analysts extensively." (Dawn, July 5). The case of Bux Ali Jamali, journalist of Nawabshah, who was dragged out of his house at midnight a couple of months ago, charged with drunkenness and imprisoned for nine days before he could get bail was highlighted. Why? Says the Washington Post, "...he was singled out because he was writing stories critical of development (parks, playing fields, open spaces, a library being desecrated and commercial structures being built thereon) in the home town of Bhutto's husband, Asif Zardari." Also detailed was the recent arrest in Lahore of journalist Zafaryab Ahmed, charged with sedition and now held without bail for reporting extensively on child labour issues and on the murder of young Iqbal Masih. Making a mockery of our government and its leader, the Washington Post highlighted the case of Kamran Khan who has been taken to court by Benazir for his story on her meeting with Douglas Hurd earlier this year. Kamran reported that Benazir had requested that the British "expel a leading Pakistani dissident, Altaf Hussain. The head of a political organisation called the Mohajir Qaumi Movement, Hussain has 175 charges pending against him in Pakistan and has been sentenced in absentia to 70 years in prison." Benazir denied this, filed a lawsuit against Kamran, and now, lo and behold, we and the world have read that she has sent out a red alert to Interpol asking for the arrest and extradition of Altaf Hussain, a proclaimed offender convicted by a court in June 1994" (Dawn, June 30). The government retracted. The ban was lifted on the night of Tuesday July 4. Why do our governments take such unconstitutional actions that cannot be justified even by warped minds? The banning of newspapers in Pakistan goes back to the earliest days, to 1949 when for the most wrong and wicked reasons the entire Press ganged up to manipulate the closure of that old and respected and historical publication of Lahore, Kipling's Civil & Military Gazette. The C&MG had blundered. It had published a story sent in by its New Delhi correspondent about a compromise formula on Kashmir being discussed between Pakistan and India. The next day the government denied it. The following day, F.W. Bustin, the English editor of the C&MG, printed an apology and sacked the correspondent concerned. After all this, the rest of the Pakistani Press decided to explode. Sixteen Pakistani editors combined, wrote and published in their 16 daily newspapers the same editorial on the same day. It was grandly headed "Treason", and it demanded that the Governor of Punjab immediately suspend the C&MG. The paper was closed for six months. It never recovered. It died. The other significant banning was in 1972, when Bhutto banned three papers in quick succession. It all started at a meeting at the Lahore University campus: "Hussain Naqi, the journalist, who was a good friend and sympathiser, got up from the audience and asked Bhutto why he had chosen to become the Chief Martial Law Administrator. " Bhutto shouted him down saying. 'For so long you have accepted CMLAs. What about a civilian CMLA for a change'?" (Scorecard, Khalid Hasan). That did it. The declaration (permission to print) of Naqi's weekly Punjab Punch was cancelled. A month later the declarations of Mujibur Rahman Shami's Zindagi, and Altaf Hasan Quraishi's Urdu Digest were cancelled for having also displeased the first ever civilian CMLA. The Punjab Punch was never revived. Then came Zia who in March 1982, as reported by Hurriyat, gave a gentle warning: "I could close down all the newspapers, say, for a period of five years, and nobody would be in a position to raise any voice against it. If they try to organise a meeting or a procession, I will send them to jail." Zia, during his time, banned a score or so of our newspapers, but never six in one go. When Benazir talks of freedom of the Press, she merely means: 'You are free, free to write what you like as long as you don't write anything about the wrong done by me, my family, my friends or my cronies, by my sacred cows, or my government.' DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950707 ------------------------------------------------------------------- If the talks must succeed ------------------------------------------------------------------- IN view of Law Minister N.D. Khan's statement explaining the delay in the start of the PPP-MQM dialogue on the Karachi situation, there should be no misgivings about the reasons for the short postponement. Air travel between London and Karachi/Islamabad can get snagged frequently for reasons beyond anybody's control and no particular significance should, therefore, be seen in the late arrival of Mr Ajmal Dehlavi, the leader of the MQM delegation. Since the Prime Minister is herself not directly involved in the dialogue, her short absence from Islamabad because of her official visit to Malaysia should not be seen as a reason for the government to delay the commencement of the talks. She would be back while the talks are under way and that is what really matters, as the outcome of the talks would determine the fate of Karachi. All sections of the people, regardless of their political affiliations, must recognise that a positive outcome is of prime importance to the nation. Nothing can be more cynical than a partisan perception of the Karachi situation and of the immense suffering of the people directly affected by it. The government's decision to lift the ban on six Karachi eveningers has removed a major irritant and, to an extent, has been helpful in easing the tensions on the eve of the talks. The MQM can be expected to reciprocate by suspending its protest strikes on Fridays and Saturdays which in any case are a source of much suffering and hardship for the people in general. The MQM does not need to prove its popular standing over and over again by means of strikes; that question is generally taken as settled. The party's representative character has been recognised by the fact that the PPP has agreed to talk to it-and to no other party or group - for restoring peace and stability in Karachi, as it did a number of times in the past. Suspending the week-end strikes will not only provide the suffering population of Karachi with a measure of relief; it would also be seen by the authorities as a peaceable gesture, which will doubtless contribute towards building up mutual trust and confidence essential for the smooth progress of the talks. It is also to be hoped that the government would confine its law enforcement operations strictly to localities which continue to be afflicted with violence and terrorism. It must be realised that excesses by law enforcement agencies, similar to those which characterised large- scale combing operations in many parts of city in the past, will continue to generate misgivings and doubts about the government's intentions unless they are curbed. The fact that talks between the government and the MQM are due to begin on the 9th promise nothing beyond a possibility that, given good sense and flexibility on both sides, a basis might after all be found for ending Karachi's long nightmare of violence and strife. But it is equally true that the process of getting to that point is bound to be extremely delicate and tortuous, knowing the many and complex issues that are involved and the deep mistrust and animosity that continue to plague relations between the PPP and the MQM. But the fact that the two antagonists have at long last agreed to talk and give conciliation a try seems to suggest that the two sides may now have a clearer realisation of the dire political and other implications of keeping Karachi indefinitely on the boil. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950707 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 'The prefix and the fix' ------------------------------------------------------------------- MAY I share excerpts from an old Dawn editorial with you today? The editorial, 'The prefix and the fix' appeared in this newspaper on Nov 28, 1967. Excerpts: "What a strange metamorphosis the prefix of 'ex' has brought about in Mr Z.A. Bhutto can be seen from the extracts from his speeches and statements published on this page today. Man has been known to be a rational animal, a social animal. Mr Bhutto has now demonstrated that man is also a changing, a shifty animal. He can shift his ground faster than a fox and, unlike a leopard, can change his spots from year to year. And when he changes, the whole world looks different to him. What is light to him today, can become darkness for him tomorrow. What is truth today, can become falsehood tomorrow. What is virtue today, can become evil tomorrow..." "The extracts... need not be repeated here but one of them is so rhetorically worded and so characteristic of Mr Bhutto's style that we cannot resist the temptation of repeating it. Describing President Ayub as 'a symbol of our salvation from anarchy', Mr Z. A. Bhutto, while he was Pakistan's minister for fuel, power and natural resources, wrote an article in the Pakistan Annual, 1961: "'This man of history is more than a Lincoln to us, for he has bound the nation together by eliminating the fissiparous tendencies without violence; more than a Lenin, because he has set the country's economy and social objectives on a high and glorious pedestal without coercion. He is our Ataturk, for, like the great Turkish leader, he has restored the nation's dignity and self-respect in the community of nations, and above al1 a Salahuddin, for, like the great Ghazi of Islam, this heir to the same noble heritage has regained a hundred million people's pride and confidence, the highest attribute of life, without which a people are soulless.'" What followed after Mr. Bhutto's resignation (some people say he was asked to quit or, in other words, sacked) is now history. As I have always maintained, President Ayub should not have inducted Mr Bhutto into his cabinet. That was an error. But once having made him minister, he should not have accepted his resignation (or sacked him). This was a blunder. He was too young to be made jobless. Ayub Khan should have just taken the foreign affairs portfolio from him and put him in charge of education or agriculture or whatever. But all this is immaterial and irrelevant now. What was to be, had to be. What is the situation today? Let me speak for myself. I have been flooded with letters from Karachi ever since I wrote my last piece (Karachi needs a King, June 30). They are all full of agony, anguish and anxiety. I have limited space at my disposal and, therefore, can do no more than share excerpts from a couple of the letters that I have received this past week. The most moving is the one signed by 'A Karachiite.' He says (translated from the original Urdu): "I write to you from the terror-stricken city of Karachi where, according to the prime minister, a mini-insurgency is on. Law enforcement agencies have been carrying out an operation here for the last three years but it is proving counter-productive. People are dying every day. Some deaths are reported (by the Press) while many are not. (Political) quacks in the country regard the law-enforcing agencies as the panacea for all ailments. Every problem in Karachi is being sought to be resolved through the bullet. "My wife is not keeping any too well but for every ailment she suffers from, her physician prescribes a pain-killer. I asked him for how long would he continue to prescribe pills for her. The doctor replied, 'I can only suggest pills if she has a headache or a frozen shoulder or pain in the ankles.' I told him he could also consider physiotherapy. As with my wife's doctor, our government, too, has only one remedy for all ills-the goli. "Columnists belonging to the Punjab are making useful suggestions to this stubborn government on resolving the Karachi issue. The trouble is that columnists in your province write beautiful pieces sitting in their offices but when they come to Karachi, they stay in posh localities. This is exactly what the man representing a famous foreign radio network did the other day. He visited several localities except the one worst affected by violence - Orangi which has a population of 1.8 million. Water, power and telephone connections have been cut off and the place is in a stage of siege. Eyewitnesses have seen the brutalisation of young men and small children. "We have tried to contact ministers and advisers but in vain. When we called at newspaper offices, we were told that they would publish their own reports. Evening papers were banned because they were publishing pictures of the violence in the city. Now we hear that morning papers are also likely to be told to go slow on photographs. "A grand operation is reportedly on the anvil. Ethnic riots are being engineered. As I was saying, newsmen in the Punjab do not know the real facts about Karachi. Or perhaps they suffer from regional prejudices. I cite here the case of Mr 'H'. When Operation Clean-up. started, he began to write a column a day, reserving most of his venom for the MQM. When his newspaper asked him to go to Karachi to see things for himself, he confined himself to meeting two leaders of a faction of the MQM and wrote in their praise. He ignored the other group altogether. "Now Mr 'H' has, with some mental reservations, asked the government to present the evidence it has (against the MQM) on TV. The manner in which this 'evidence' is being shown on television will put the Nazi propaganda technique to shame. But truth will be out one day. "I am an ordinary citizen of Karachi. There has been no electricity for the last three days. When I tried to sleep on the rooftop, I heard gunfire. I tried yoga to find peace. I tried deep relaxation but I couldn't sleep wouldn't come. Where is the remedy? It has to be the goli, today, tomorrow or the day after." Mr Adam Kakaj writes to say (regretfully excerpted): "... It seems that the government is in no mood to give up and the people of Karachi should prepare for the following eventualities: "Complete ban on all newspapers and periodicals. Maridatory loadshedding at least three times a day. A ban on the dish antenna so that the people don't have access to foreign TV networks. A dawn-to-dusk curfew in Karachi. Compulsory checking of the identity of all Karachities. Suspension of all development projects in the city. Continued imprisonment of elected representatives. I really am story, Mr Kakaj, but I will make up for today's excisions soon. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950708 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Wattoo at his wit's end ------------------------------------------------------------------- IS Chief Minister Manzoor Wattoo staying on In going? Mr Wattoo is probably now as confused as anyone else, and with the intrigues going on all around him, not least within his own PML (J), quite at his wit's end. The one thing that has emerged clearly from the welter of rumour and counter-moor over the past week is that there is now a perception on all sides that Mr Wattoo has grown too big for his boots and needs to be cut to size. If he remains chief minister, he will surely have to be more accountable to both his cabinet and the governor. So far he has acted in defiance of the wishes of many of his colleagues, and has been totally unmoved even by such criticism as repeatedly voiced by the late governor Chaudhry Altaf Hussain-- and an issue which is now the subject matter of a writ in the High Court-that he had no business under the Constitution to appoint any advisers. There has also been a strong stench of corruption and graft emanating from the provincial administration, and here, too, Mr Wattoo has failed to respond to public anxieties. Governor Saroop Khan has, meanwhile, turned out to be a mysterious behind-the-scenes figure, enjoying, it is said, a specific mandate from the Centre on how the Punjab crisis is to be tackled. What the mandan precisely is no one is saying. But every politician is making a bee-line to the Governor's House. If in all this the position of the governor to intervene and interfere is strengthened at the cost of the office of the chief minister, then that will be d decided setback to the concept of democratic governance in a parliamentary system, and Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto had better be careful on this score. And what a tamasha PPP workers organised for the return to health and Lahore (from Islamabad) of Local Bodies Minister Nazim Hussain Shah The Mall was plastered with his pictures and welcoming slogans on Thursday, and it almost appeared as if he had been sent by Islamabad as Mr Wattoo's replacement Who paid for the show? A MORE ferocious, and certainly more interesting, battle than between Mr Wattoo and his opponents erupted last week between Madame Nur Jahan and Tahira Syed. It began over an interview given by the younger singer to an Urdu newspaper in which she was reported to have said that it was difficult to listen to Nur Jahan for a third time, and singers praised her only because the studios were her "stronghold' Nur Jahan, ever sensitive to criticism, called a news conference and made some extremely personal remarks about Tahira Syed. She regretted that "Tahira Syed has gone mad in the fullness of youth" and challenged her to sing the famous thumri from the film Koel (Dil ka diya jalaya ...) and see who sang it better. At the news conference, Madame was surrounded by musicians and music-makers who all made their displeasure known over Tahira Syed's remarks, and a supportive call was received even from Mehdi Hasan during the Press conference. The next day, Tahira Syed faxed a statement to newspapers, saying that during her interview she was asked to name the singer she most liked, and she had said Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan. Upon this the interviewer asked, "Why not Madame Nur Jahan?" and she had said that after all, her favourite singer would be one whom she liked to listen to again and again. She also said that she had made no comments on Madame Nur Jahan's art or her stature and had only mentioned her personal preference to which she had a right, because there was democracy even in the arts. Tahira Syed's interview was conducted by writer Dr Ajmal Niazi, and now perhaps he should publish a transcript so that her remarks can be judged in the correct perspective. Even in her clarification, Tahira Syed sounds a little over-confident for her age and experience as a singer, but by responding to her alleged remarks in what can only be described as vitriolic fashion, Madame could hardly have endeared herself to her fans. Anyway, the controversy provided some relief in an otherwise grim week, and one saw some nice pictures of Madame Nur Jahan (even nicer of daughter Zilley Huma) and Tahira Syed. The Wattoo mug shot was becoming a little tiresome. THE election for the secretary's post of the Halqa Arbab-i-Zauq is now old news. But a colleague who attended the voting said he was pleasantly surprised to see the number of Halqa veterans gathered for the election in the Tea House, which is short of space even otherwise, and on that day it literally overflowed on to the pavements outside. The veterans (even Munir Niazi had deigned to come up for the voting) were seen greeting one another most effusively as if they were meeting after a long time, and this prompted the colleague to wonder whether interaction between writers and poets has dwindled over the years or at least that they are no longer meeting as often as they should. This is probably due as much to old age as to the growing complexity of life in Lahore, with an acute transport problem. Although the contest for secretary-ship was keen-- reportedly between the Ahmed Nadeem Qasimi and Wazir Agha groups- the atmosphere was friendly and boisterous. Mr Ejaz Rizvi won over Mr Ashfaque Rashid. On Wednesday, the death occurred of an old-time Halqa activist, Amjad Altaf, who was chairman of the Punjab University's Department of Urdu. Mr Amjad Altaf, who had been both joint secretary and secretary of the Halqa, will be remembered as a writer and poet. A collection of short stories, Katchey Dhagey, was published a long time ago, and a collection of ghazals was said to have been in preparation at the time of his death. Some writers recalled that Mr Amjad Altaf had allowed himself to be used by the Zia regime to split the Halqa. But fortunately the split did not last long. MERIT and merit only, it is said again and again in relation to recruitments to the federal and provincial departments. But someone known to a journalist had applied against a vacancy advertised by WAPDA some time ago. He was neither called for an interview nor given a written test. A couple of weeks ago, he received an appointment letter. Interestingly, it was for a job other than the one he had applied for. He is not complaining, but what happened to merit? And who got the job he had applied for? IN the second half of June the PML had announced that it would give "Mujahid-i-Jamhooriat" awards to those party workers who it said had suffered at the hands of the PPP government. The awards were to have been distributed personally by Mian Nawaz Sharif on July 5, the day martial law was imposed in 1977. However, July 5 came and passed, and no awards. No explanation from the party. Was the announcement a "hoax" and the leader to whom it was attributed wanted only to tell the people that the PML was still a premarital law party? But, then, why wasn't he contradicted? -OBSERVER. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950709 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Wattoo in awful trouble ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromM. Ziauddin ISLAMABAD: Mian Manzoor Ahmed Khan Wattoo, the chief minister of Punjab has landed himself in awful trouble. He seems to have annoyed the Punjab PPP to a man. And his own partymen in the province appear to have had enough of his solo flights of fancy. The opposition PML would like to see him break away from the PDF coalition simply for its perceived domino effect on the governments in the NWFP and the centre, rather than to help him back in the saddle. Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto seems to have written him off. It now appears to be up to Hamid Nasir Chattha, chief of the PML (J) to find a suitable replacement if he can. The prime minister does not seem to be averse to retaining Mr Wattoo as the chief minister if he agrees to give up the S&GAD and home ministry. But she has left the decision entirely to Mr Chattha. With or without Mr Wattoo, the PML (J) is likely to retain the top provincial post but with reduced administrative and financial powers, reflecting the true political strength of each coalition partner. Mr Wattoo perhaps thought he could continue to take advantage of a seemingly besieged prime minister. He has been known to have flouted on a number of occasions orders personally conveyed to him by the prime minister herself. That is probably why she has refused to see him any more. He also perhaps forgot to remember that he was dealing with a politician who has had the unique distinction of winning three elections (I still think the 1990 elections were stolen from her) in a row in five years and making governments twice in the same period. You can't handle such a person by being clever by half. As unearned political power went to his head, he also perhaps failed to see that his bargaining power would endure only as long as he remained within the PDF coalition. Out of it, he has nowhere to go because the PML which stands to gain the most if he withdraws from the coalition with his PML (J) members, would never countenance offering him the chief ministership once he was back at the mercy of its votes. It would prefer an election rather than help him return to power in the province. Such is its distrust of him. In his delusions he has even been dreaming of becoming prime minister through some kind of constitutionally bizarre in-house change. It was simply pathetic to see him stuttering around totally oblivious of the fact that only some 20 months back the PML members of the Punjab assembly, almost to a man, changed allegiance twice in a matter of two months, once to elect him as the chief minister after Mian Nawaz Sharif was dismissed by the then President Ghulam Ishaq Khan and the second time to ditch him for Pervaiz Elahi when Nawaz was restored by the Supreme Court. He was saved by the skin of his teeth thanks to a daredevil action by the late Chaudhry Altaf Hussain and because the 'establishment' was not cooperating with the then restored federal government of Nawaz Sharif. As long as the late Chaudhry Altaf was around to guide him and lend finesse to his antics for power, he looked credible and even formidable. With Altaf gone, Wattoo's feet of clay are too evident. He could not even see that PML (J) members being PML (J) members were vulnerable to winds blowing out of Islamabad. If shove came to push, the numbers would certainly be on the side of federal government, unless of course, the 'establishment' sided with the chief minister as it did in 1993. But this is 1995. Seemingly the prime minister desires that the PDF coalition should last till the end of her present term. It was in this spirit perhaps that she kept on tolerating Mr Wattoo even at the cost of alienating her own partymen. In the initial period she was certainly dependent on him to deliver the numbers which enabled her to make the government in Punjab. During this period, she wooed Mr Wattoo to the complete exclusion of all, including her own favourite PPP stalwarts from Punjab. She even withdrew Faisal Saleh Hayar from the province to appease him. The PML would like very much to see the end of the PDF coalition. From their position, they see their chances of coming back to power in Punjab and the NWFP brightening with the collapse of the PDF in Punjab. The logical corollary of this in their opinion would be mid-term elections at the national level which they are confident they would sweep. Therefore, they are doing everything to fuel the Punjab fires. They are sending emissaries to Wattoo and messages to other PML (J) members of the provincial assembly promising all kinds of things from chief ministership to lucrative portfolios. The federal government on its part is not sitting idle either. Being in a position to offer more than promises, it has a clear advantage over the opposition. The PML (J) members of the provincial assembly know that if they walk out of the coalition trailing Mr Wattoo they would actually be walking out of power and into political wilderness because as a consequence either the PML will form the government in Punjab which, like in 1988, would be in perpetual confrontation with the centre, or an election would be called with a caretaker chief minister of federal government's choice conducting them. So, it is not like October, November 1993 when Ms Bhutto needed the numbers to form the government in Punjab and Mr Wattoo had these numbers and needed to be wooed and was wooed. It is July of 1995. Those very numbers which Mr Wattoo delivered to Ms Bhutto then are now spoiling to play the Lota once again and do a Wattoo on Wattoo himself. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950708 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Domino effect of corruption ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Kunwar Idris KARACHI: Corruption has grown uninterrupted since independence. Whatever the regime, it is one graph which has never dipped. It now subjugates all careers in politics and public service. The exceptions are odd and doubtful. Ironically, it is pilloried and practised at the same time. Combined with a malignant form of indoctrination, corruption has reduced the society to a moral carcass. That is a legacy of General Zia's era of hypocrisy. The businesses and professions are no less mired in it, but the chief culprits remain the public officials, whether elected or appointed. In the growth of corruption there have been certain watersheds. The first and most important was when the new rich challenged the political power of the landed aristocracy without its values. The Nawab of Kalabagh used his feudal status to deny his peasantry equal status but as governor made sure that they got a deputy commissioner, a police superintendent and even an SHO whose competence may be but integrity was not doubted. Thus the poor got justice and sympathy from the very source that held them in serfdom. One could see guilt writ large on the Nawab's face when he hesitantly tried to tell the district officials in the l965 election campaign to use their influence to beat back Ms Jinnah's challenge to Ayub Khan. The honesty and impartiality in politics and public service then took a deep plunge. Whatever the gain to the country's defence or economy, the common man since then has been increasingly subjected to exactions by the robbers, blackmailers and officials alike. No kin of the Nawab was ever seen near a government office. The brother of his successor constantly hovered around the mineral office in Lahore which I then headed. As another illustration, one could look at the addition to the assets of Liaquat Ali Khan and Suhrawardy when they were in power and in more recent times to that of the martyred Zia-ul-Haq and tormented Sharif families. The watershed most important for the bureaucracy was the Act of 1973 which permitted arbitrary induction into public service at all levels and equally arbitrary removal of those already in it. The senior officials could be removed without giving even a reason for it. Though this law was introduced by Z. A. Bhutto, its best use was made by Zia- ul-Haq by extensively re-employing his favourites beyond the age of retirement. The favourites also got plots, loans and other benefits. Merit became merely incidental to the career of a public servant. The new law thus became an effective tool in destroying the rule of law and moral fibre of the services at the same time. It bolstered Zia in the absence of a popular mandate or constitutional legitimacy of his rule. On the restoration of the constitutional order, a largely corrupt public service harnessed to political and personal ends suited even the elected governments. Today when an official or a professional gets an important assignment the instinctive reaction of the people is to look at his weaknesses rather than his strength. The husbands, wives, uncles and the tribes are getting involved in concentrating circles of public life where the distinction between the values and roles of career officials, politicians and businessmen is getting blurred because the common centre of all is power and acquisitions. Among the essential pre-requisites of parliamentary system are party- based fair elections and neutral services. Both stand abandoned. Excess expenditure on electioneering in the 1985 non- party elections was condoned by an autocratic decree. Extravagance and bribery since then have become a norm. Ironically, when the elections are said to be fair and free it only refers to non-tempering of the electoral rolls or ballot boxes. Otherwise they are given by corrupt practices. The perversion of the electoral process, insecurity of public service, and arbitrary appointments, promotions, re-employment have all combined to create an environment in which our existing anti-corruption laws and their enforcement procedures have become wholly meaningless. The problem now is not to trap the reader who accepts a hundred rupees for fixing a convenient date for hearing a case but to catch the judge who gives a perverse verdict with an eye on a million or promotion. In a perceptual struggle for power with its latest manifestation of terrorism, the elected representatives have no time to spare for corruption which is a malaise far more wide- spread and sinister than violence. Even our worthy clerics who always conjure up non-existent problems to create ferments devote to this problem no thought or rhetoric. A committee or commission is in existence is in existence for almost two years to eradicate corruption. Distressingly it has brought to light not one instance of corruption nor has punished any one. Its only vindication is said to lie in its head himself not being corrupt though he might as well be with greater impunity than his colleagues in public life. Yet another commission in existence but moribund is on reorganisation of services headed by Justice Dorab Patel. Not long ago Justice Shafi-ur-Rehman presided over an anti-corruption commission. His report has not been heard of much less implemented. Justice Patel and Rehman are known for their learning, independence, and character. Anti-corruption chairman, Malik Qasim's politics may be forlorn but, one hears, not his dream. The common thread of corruption runs through politics, administration and judiciary. The need for reorganising the three on efficient and economical lines is also recognised. The three gentlemen joined by an old administrator (Mr M. Azfar comes to mind for his reputation of good old days and not for his being father of the governor of the present bad times) should constitute a joint commission to recommend how to stop the creeping effect of corruption before the last domino that is the State itself falls. With their experience and probes they have already conducted they should be able to give their recommendations within months rather than years. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950710 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Can they ride the crest? ------------------------------------------------------------------- By M.B. Naqvi They meet on Tuesday. But cari they make the encounter productive? There is no certainty, of course On past form, they have often negotiated. On several occasions then have even produced agreements on specific issues. But eventually they always reverted to their normal confrontation and hostility. One is referring to PPP and MQM. The rivalry over control of Karachi and Hyderabad between them is far too intense. The question is whether anything is different today in their perception? All non-PPP and non-MQM observer, have been saddened by the 3xperience of these last seven years or more No doubt, both get good marks for the initial 1988 electoral ordinance and the agreement to work together. But for the fairly early breakdown of this alliance with need to be blamed. Indeed on points, the MQM was wrong and unjustified in making an agreement with PML(N) behind the hack of its allies. An explanation was the intrusion of Gen Mirza Aslam Beg and ISI who, on his own admission, 'delivered' MQM to 1 l1 Having noted this, it is time to note that PPP bigwigs, despite Benazir's visit to Altaf Hussain s home, did not treat MQM on a plane of equality; MQM ministers were made to feel that they were not in the inner policy making circles. For the rest both need to be ticked off for their political greed over influence on Karachi and for intolerance of others. All this is unpleasant to recall but is unfortunately necessary. This explains the subsequent years' behaviour. They have fought in a most unbecoming manner. It is not easy to measure each side's exact quantum of guilt in the unending confrontation that seems to have gone on, off and on, until 1992-after which the army changed the perspective by undertaking an Operation against the MQM. After the army had had its fill and called it a day after it was shown to the friend and foe that militarily suppressing the MQM activists was like chasing one's own tail. But what the army recognised to be virtually impossible to achieve, the PPP government has enthusiastically undertaken to do from the end of last year. The current operations against the MQM are being carried on by a political and democratic government, employing only paramilitary and police forces. And, to be sure, they are greatly assisted by the 'agencies -which is code word for the military's undercover intelligence organisations. By all accounts it is still the saine 'agencies' that had carried on the operation are a army's aegis that are leading the current effort. Thereby hang a hundred tales of the violations of human rights of Karachi citizens. This sorry tale is relevant despite the first crack of light in this long night of Karachi troubles. Two points make this unhappy story insistently to the point: Karachi's people, who are the constituents and supporters of the MQM, are claimed to have become alienated from the Pakistani establishment and the army largely because of what the 'agencies' have done. The behaviour of troops on Karachi streets has also not endeared the Army to Karachiites. Secondly, through thick and thin-mostly thin during the last three and half years- urban people of Sindh, led by Urdu- speaking sections, have stuck to the MQM. The latter has been returned to the municipalities and legislative assemblies with convincing majorities. People have enthusiastically responded to all the MQM calls whether to vote even at short notice or to boycott or to observe strikes. The MQM's representative character and popularity can not now be questioned. The conclusions from recent experience are two: First, no matter how much we criticise the MQM for a variety of faults-and this writer has never failed to mention them-its mandate is unquestionable. PPP leaders can deny its right to speak for Sindh's 27 per cent urban population only at the expense of making their own claim of speaking for nearly sixty per cent of Sindh debatable. None of them, however, speaks from a moral high ground. There is no activity in which both parties are not virtually equally tarred with the same brush. The second major conclusion has been obvious since long. A protest movement by MQM-no matter how regrettable its chosen means-cannot simply be suppressed by administrative means or in simpler words by more or superior state violence. The risks inherent in such an attempt may already be coming to pass today. The militancy by the MQM-supporting boys seems to have graduated successively from insurgency into an urban guerilla warfare. No government, with regular armed forces at its beck and call, knows how to overcome an urban guerilla movement. No military victory is available. Why? as Mao laid down, if the guerillas can swim like fish in a sea of the people then they are undefeatable. That condition is now available to finish agents in Karachi. Which is why all commentators, foreign or local, most politicians and media have been impressing upon authority that there is no military solution of the MQM and Karachiites alienation except to talk with them, make them partners in the democracy's great and noble enterprise and for the rest there is to be a general forgiving and forgetting after the MQM is given a responsible role to play in the running of Karachi and Hyderabad. Everything therefore turns on the two major parties, the PPP-that represents the majority in the Sindh Assembly- and the MQM with 27 per cent representation in the same assembly, agreeing to resolve their differences and to work together in the interest of the people of Sindh. Otherwise, it is a senseless war in Karachi that threatens, among other things, to be unending and wholly fruitless. Government cannot win, as one noted. Given the physical strength of modern state machinery, the MQM boys too cannot win in any meaningful sense. All, including the whole of Pakistan and the people of Sindh, are likely to lose. The country's integrity might become one of the stakes in this senseless war. It was neither love of the MQM nor of the PPP that forced all to earnestly call upon them to come together and negotiate. It was for the sake of all higher values and everything we hold dear. It was because of this factor that most of us first impressed upon the army to withdraw because we realised that there could be no military conclusion. We have been urging upon the PPP leadership to moderate its crusade against a 'terrorism' that enjoys such tremendous support from the urban people of Sindh because it can not win. It is war, let me repeat, in which all may lose. Let no one look too closely into the mouth of the gift horse- the readiness of Benazir government as well as the MQM to drop their oft-repeated preconditions and negotiate. Let a new precondition be added from others, those who look from the sidelines and are not making history themselves. It is to warn the two sides that popular trust should not be abused. They should negotiate in good faith and in earnest. They have jointly to seize their moment in history. If they do, the latter may find a way to vindicate and perpetuate both in some way or other. If they let slip their opportunity, much travail is sure to ensue. In the larger sweep of history both can simply be washed away onto the deep end. There might be no role for them in the future when perspectives might be altogether too different. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950710 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Power plant site shifted ------------------------------------------------------------------- By A Correspondent KARACHI, July 9: The Tractebel Khaleej Power Ltd is shifting its site from Manora to Port Qasim for setting up 450 mw LPG electric power plant after surrendering Rs 1 million to KPT given as advance for acquiring 330,000 square meters of land. Although no explanation is being offered for shifting, environmental activists had expressed apprehension of growing pollution and damage to edible marine life because of electric generation plant at Manora. However no comment has so far been made on impact of the same at Port Qasim. Business sources however believe that the company shifted the site because of its involvement in construction of the Terminal at Port Qasim at the cost of Rs. 600 million. The project will provide the back- up support and cut down cost on LPG supplies to the generation plant. Another visible advantage to the company is the lower cost for land and relatively softer terms on which the Port Qasim Authority have provisionally allotted 87 acres of land at a cost of Rs 1.8 million per acre as development charges. A token payment of Rs 2.5 million is reported to have been made to the Port authorities by the company. Port Qasim Authority has agreed to grant TKPL lease for a period of 50 years for setting up a power plant after an in-house examination by PQA. The plant is stated to be pollution-free with about 50,000 cubic meters per day of desalinated water to shore line communities. It transpired during several meetings between TKPL and PQA that the fuel supply to the plant would be independent of the port facilities and transport logistics by train, pipe or truck and that the desalination plant would be available as by product in the second phase. It was agreed that safety measures and specific procedure on accepted standards would be followed by the party who would draft set of rules to be approved by the PQA including those for pressurised LPG and LNG. It may be mentioned that TKPL has participated in a tender floated by PQA for establishing LPG terminal in private sector at Port Qasim at an estimated cost of Rs 600 million. This project envisages construction of one berth to be able to handle LPG ships of up to 25,000 dead-weight tonnage (DWT) size in accordance with Asian Development Bank feasibility study. The dedicated LPG terminal will be built near the main oil terminal. The aim of TKPL is to establish a local company with a local partner to develop this project. Other partners in the joint venture are House of Habib (HOH) of Pakistan and Tawoos L.L.C. of Oman. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950711 ------------------------------------------------------------------- An Outpouring of talent ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Muneeza Shamsie Today there is a growing number of Pakistani novelists writing in English. All of them live between East and West, literally and intellectually and have endeavoured to express that in their books. The humour and their eye for human foibles, cuts across cultures. Their vision sometimes spans continents. Three authors of Pakistani origin- Adam Zameenzad, Hanif Qureshi and Nadeem Aslam-have won prestigious British awards for the best first novel. Bapsi Sidwa, who is more widely read in Pakistan than any of the others, has been awarded a generous three-year grant, the Lila Wallace Reader's Digest Award in the United States. Then there is the distinguished Zuliflkar Ghose, who has written some ten novels and tried out different forms of experimental fiction; in Canada there is Nazneen 'Nina' Sadiq; while the well known political analyst Tariq Ali, has also turned his pen to fiction lately and has written two novels, one is Redemption set in Eastern Europe and the other. The Shadows of the Pomegranate Tree in fifteenth century Spain. The experience of all these authors, has been irrefutably shaped by the fact that they have a Pakistani inheritance even if they live in, or write about, far-flung lands. This point was brought home to me particularly when I read The Shadows of the Pomegranate Tree which deals with a subject intrinsic to the Pakistani psyche: past Muslim glories and the reasons for Muslim decline. Tariq Ali has chosen Spain for his setting, the country which saw both the zenith of Muslim civilisation and its total obliteration The book was published in 1992, which marked the 500th anniversary of the Fall of Granada. Based on a true story, The Shadows of the Pomegranate Tree is an enjoyable, readable book, which provides many insights into that liberal Muslim culture and the forces of bigotry and fanaticism, which destroyed it, in the name of Christianity. It is a story of chivalry and honour, love and betrayal; of a doomed people, determined to stay in the land of their birth. Tariq Ali has also used his knowledge of Pakistan's feudal life and its complex relationships to breathe life into his main protagonists, the landowning Al- Hudayl's clan. While Tariq Ali's novel ends in South America, another Pakistani writer, Zulfikar Ghose, has delved into the continent's history in his well- known trilogy The Incredible Brazilian. Ghose, who was born in Sialkot, is married to a Brazilian and teaches at the University of Texas. He has often remarked that South America and Pakistan have a definite resonance. He merely transposes his experience of one continent to another. Most of his novels are not available here and only two have a subcontinental setting. Zulfikar Ghose's first novel The Murder of Aziz Khan is about a proud farmer in the Punjab, slowly destroyed by a ruthless family of industrialists. His recent work The Triple Mirror of Self is an infinitely more complicated, dense, magic realist tale about migration and the chameleon-like personality of the migrant. The novel begins in the jungles of South America; it moves back in time, to North America Britain and undivided India. One of its central strands is prejudice and violence, which pursue Ghose's hero across the globe. This is a theme that Adam Zameenzad dwells on too. Furthermore South America and its obvious parallells to Pakistan as a Third World country is evident in Zameenzad's novei Love, Bones and Water about a rich, neglected South American child who finds love and humanity among the starving dwellers of a shanty town. Adam Zameenzad spent much of his own childhood, escaping from his father's haveli in Sindh to spend time with the villagers. He developed an acute awareness of social injustice very early. Consequently he writes about people living close to the earth, on the edge of life and death; and he uses satire and wit very effectively to bring his point across. Adam Zameenzad taught at universities in Lahore and Karachi, before moving to England. He won the 1987 David Higham Award for his first novel. The Thirteenth House a surrealistic tale of poverty, despair and fraudulent pairs, set in Karachi. He followed this up with Matt and Henna The Whore about two children during the famine and civil war in Africa. His fourth novel Cyrus, is gargantuan but truly dazzling work, a funny, magical- realist tale. filled with wonderful images. Its central theme is a man's search for dignity and justice. His main character, Cyrus is born in India into the lowest rung of the lowest caste. He changes his religion twice, is accused of a murder he hasn't committed and is dogged with disaster, as he flees to East Pakistan, on the eve of war and makes his way to an American ashram and lands up in a British jail. The immigrant experience in the West is central to Cyrus, Cyrus and to the writings of several Pakistanis, particularly Hanif Kureishi who is British-born. Although he was largely cut off from the Pakistani community as a child, the British response to him was dictated by his colour and the fact that he was the son of a Pakistani father. He in turn felt the need to come to terms with his Pakistani heritage. He was already a promising playwright at twenty-eight when he made his first trip to Pakistan. This provided fertile ground for his vivid imagination and his sense of the absurd. Hanif Qureshi's work is immensely popular with the British and younger Asian Britons He won an Oscar for the screenplay of My Beautiful Launderette. His first novel The Buddha of Suburbia won the 1990 Whitbread Award and was on the best-seller list for weeks. The story revolves around an Asian boy who grows up in Britain. For readers who are not involved in trendy Britain or British Asian culture. it's sometimes difficult to relate to the novel's humour. Its great redeeming feature is Hanif's portrayal of 'Dad', a charming, highly educated, loveable man from Bombay, who poses as a profound oriental mystic. Hanif's second novel Black Album came out a few weeks ago and hasn't reached Pakistan yet. It has had very good reviews and revolves around a clean living student from Pakistan, who undergoes a metamorphosis as he discovers pop music and multicultural London. Born in Pakistan, Nadeem Aslam is another talented novelist in Britain and is still in his twenties. His book the Season of the Flain birds won the 1994 Betty Trask Award for the best first novel and was short-listed for the 1993 Whitbread Award in the same category. The novel is written with sensitivity and subtlety and has some vivid images, even if some minor details are a little unreal. Set in a small Punjab town, it revolves around the murder of a judge, the misuse of religion for political ends and the scandalous affair between the District Commissioner and a Christian girl. Curiously none of these men have portrayed Pakistan with the warmth and affection that two Pakistani women writers, Nazneen Sadiq and Bapsi Sidhwa, reveal in their books. Nazneen Sadiq, moved to Canada after her marriage. Her semi-autobiographical novel Ice Bangles shows a woman's changing priorities over twenty years, as she settles down in Canada and comes to Pakistan for holidays in between. Familiar Karachi figures such as Ali Imam and Razia Bhatti flit across its pages, which adds to its charm. The book is being used for multi-cultural education in Canada but it's a pity that it hasn't had greater visibility here. Finally we come to Bapsi. She is in a sense unique, because she wrote her first two novels, in total isolation while living in Lahore. She did not move in a milieu where there was as a tradition of writing English fiction. She did not have access to the support system-the West and its world of writers, workshops and publishers, which was available to all the other expatriate Pakistanis discussed here. This makes her achievement all the more remarkable. She now lives between Pakistan and America, but continues to identify strongly with this country. Her novels are hugely enjoyable and wonderfully funny. She made her name with The Crow Eaters, a hilarious tale about the incorrigible Freddy Junglewalla and his brood, during the Raj. She followed this up with The Bride, the harrowing tale of a city bred girl, who is married into a Kohistan tribe. In the sophisticated Ice-Candy Man, her best book so far, Bapsi successfully tried out a new style of writing. She has used a child's vision of the world, to describe Partition. What makes the book so unusual is the fact that Lenny is confined to the wheelchair and is paralysed; but she is quite without self- pity; instead her little comments on the people around her and her observations are very astute. Bapsi, who grew up in Lahore and suffered from polio as a child, now teaches in America. Her new novel The American Brat, combines her experiences of America and Pakistan. The novel, which caters to American tastes, earned Bapsi a handsome three-year-grant and centres around the misadventures of a 16-year-old Parsi girl, Feroza who is sent to America to stay with her young uncle, a student at MIT. There is still an enormous amount of untapped material in Pakistan for writers in English to draw on and, in the West there is an increasing interest in novels about Pakistan. It's a pity that all these Pakistani writers in English live abroad and facilities for publishing English novels here and encouraging new writers is so limited. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950711 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Punjab electoral trends remain unchanged ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Tahir Mirza LAHORE: There have been no surprises in Sunday's Toba Tek Singh by- election. It was a seat held by the PML and the party has retained it. The seat had fallen vacant because of the death of the previous MPA, and thus the PML had the added advantage of a sympathy vote for its candidate, the dead member's son. The margin of its victory is also more or less the same as in the general election. Thus, it would be futile to look for any trend-setting indications in the election result. At most, it can be said that the electoral position in the Punjab remains largely static and has not changed much since 1993. This means that the People's Party has not been able to make inroads into the PML vote bank but has not lost its traditional support either despite its lack- lustre performance in of fice. Whether it might have done better if an independent candidate - who was said to have enjoyed PML(J) backing had not divided votes would remain in the realm of speculation. Clan and sectarian loyalties held firm. What the by-election again showed is the unfortunate tendency of political parties in power to rely more means for patronage and grant of developments funds to woo voters rather than organisational work in the field. The PPP's efforts were reportedly concentrated on promising money for various schemes under the Social Action Programme. The party's MNAs and MPAs had forgotten the constituency till the elections came up, and then some ministers made a few trips. This has now become an established pattern, with governments relying on their administrative resources to buy public sympathy. Corner meetings and door-to-door canvassing are no longer accepted means of canvassing. This should be considered particularly regrettable in the case of the PPP which was born out of the people. It has travelled a great distance since then, away from the people. It remains organisationally weak. A party in power always finds it difficult to wrest a seat from the opposition: it should be thankful if it can hold on to a seat. But the PPP, according to reports from Toba Tek Singh, didn't even try anything other than the administrative approach. The PML had started shouting foul almost as soon as polling began, and later in the day a number of charges were hurled at the PPP and the local administration. When the results were announced, the League's chagrin was quite clear, and it tried to put-up as brave a face on its earlier stand by saying that its candiadate would have won with a bigger margin if there had been no irregularities and bribing of voters. It looks odd for the winning party to be complaining of rigging, to say the least. More than that, the PML's attitude reflects the belligerence that is becoming the hallmark of its politics. It is always complaining and attacking. The street demonstrations organised by its workers every time Mr Nawaz Sharif has to appear in court are becoming increasingly strident: on Sunday, during one such demonstration, a police bus was set on fire. The party appears to believe that agitation can be a substitute for policy. This is a mistaken assumption for which it may have pay a heavy price when the real crunch comes. P.S: Has anyone thought of how Toba Tek Singh has changed over the years? It used to be one of the politically most progressive and active areas in the Punjab, and remembering the Kissan Conference held there in the 70s before everything fell apart and in which Maulana Bhashani had participated still brings back many thrilling memories. Now the region is solidly PML. Is this in some ways a commentary on the decline of the left in the province? DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 950709 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Jatoi prefers in-house change to fresh poll ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromMohammad Malick ISLAMABAD, July 8: Former caretaker prime minister Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi has said that owing to the "internal and external" circumstances it would not be conducive for the nation to go through another exercise in election, and added that, however, "changes from within the system could take place, any time." Talking to Dawn on Saturday, the NPP chief talked candidly on the subject of political changes, both real and expected, at the Centre and in Punjab. Elaborating on his statement, he said the various elections held in the past had not solved the problems of the common man, and he believed that every subsequent election had only spewed forth a government more corrupt than its predecessor. He said: =93Every subsequent government has= given us more corruption, continued unemployment, higher inflation, worse law and order situation". The solution, he believed, lay in a "ruthless, across-the-board accountability of anyone who has ever remained or is in power", which in his opinion should be followed by the implementation of an equitable system of justice. When asked to explain why a change through an election would disrupt everything while a similar 'change from within' would not, he said an election would not really change the overall complexion of the political state of affairs or the manner in which the power formulas have been brokered. But according to his rationale on the change from within, the changes envisioned were within coalitions. " We have coalition governments at the Centre and in all provinces and as long the coalitions hold, it is well and good, but changes could come easily with the mere realignment of political affiliations within the allies without burdening the nation with another election", he added. Citing his own politics as an example, he said that while he had supported the government on various issues he had differed on many as well. "As long we feel the government is doing the right thing, it's okay but perhaps we may be pushed to the limit where we can't follow it endlessly and thus part company", he said a meaningful smile. The former premier's remarks regarding the change from within had been sired by an earlier discourse over the Punjab situation, wherein he had suggested that any attempt to remove the Wattoo government could have far-reaching effects on the overall political situation of the country. When it was pointed out that his special interest in Wattoo's survival had surprised many because he neither belonged to the PPP or the PML-J, nor was his party a member of the PDF alliance, Mr Jatoi replied in his typical relaxed and methodical manner. He reasoned that the situation in Punjab was a peculiar one because of the coalition government. "Why else", he asked, =93did the majority PPP group give power to a group= of just 18, only because it was the need of the hour? The experience has lasted 20 months now. In the last government they (PPP) brought the PDA in the Centre because the eight seats were considered vital to the formation of the government". He went on to argue: =93Today, many may feel that the larger group may no= longer need the support of the smaller ones in provinces or the Centre but I personally feel that this line of thinking would have serious repercussions all over". Replying to a question based upon a possible political scenario in Punjab, he said: " Hypothetically speaking if they go for Wattoo in Punjab, then isn't this going to evoke a sharp negative reaction in the National Assembly? They would have a lot of explaining to do, including to their allies, for bulldozing an ally government because, realistically speaking, it would be one government trying to overthrow another." Then as if justifying his interest in the Wattoo affair, he said: "The subsequent crises, which are bound to ensue, could lead to another election which is not an answer to the nation's problems". He further said: =93We=92ve gone through various periods of instability tha= t only resulted in the removal of political governments. The average life of governments has been two-and-a- half years and what has the nation got out of these elections, held after the ouster of one government or another?" He denied the assertion that he was harping on the politically-popular tune of accountability because he "probably sensed" some changes in the power structure in the near future and was now presenting himself as a 'clean alternative'. "I have persistently called for ruthless accountability and am willing to offer myself as the starting point", he shot back, =93Not because I want to come into power but because I want to= see the cleansing of the whole system." To another query, he replied he had not really thought about the supposed intricacies in the appointment of Gen (retd) Saroop as the governor of Punjab or whether his appointment would have a direct bearing on the political fortunes of Manzoor Wattoo. He did, however, make an interesting observation when his attention was drawn to the House statement of Khwaja Asif, who had claimed that Gen Saroop, the then DMLA of Punjab during the Zia martial law, had awarded a two-year sentence to Farooq Leghari on anti- State activities. He felt that both the government and Saroop himself had some explaining to do. "Either Saroop was right then and should not have accepted to serve the same man he himself had sentenced for anti-state activities, and if he had condoned the wrong actions of the military rulers of the day, then Leghari should explain the appointment of such a man to the governor's slot". The timing of Mr Jatoi's sudden warming-up to the Press a couple of days earlier, where he spoke in detail on virtually every possible subject, has roused great interest in Islamabad, particularly as it came about in the absence of any significant political event and also only a few days before his long foreign sojourn. Known to keep a low profile visa-vis the Press, the change has been rather surprising forcing many to wonder whether there was a deliberate reason behind Mr Jatoi making such a loud announcement of his leaving the country. As put by a senior journalist: Could it be that he wants to return later only to claim that he had 'nothing to do with the whole thing' as he was not even in the country".


------------------------------------------------------------------- Politicians discredited in Pakistan, says Imran ------------------------------------------------------------------- FromOur Correspondent LONDON, July 9: Imran Khan has said if he felt that by going into politics he would be able to help his country, he certainly would. But at present politics in Pakistan is corrupt and as a result politicians are completely discredited. He, therefore, feels his strength lies outside politics. "I have some credibility and I would like really to do social work, and my next campaign is a mass literacy campaign in Pakistan where the rate of illiteracy is one of the highest in the world." He added that the country was going through the greatest crisis. But the former cricket star kept his options open. Imran for the first time since his marriage to Jemima appeared together with her on British television. Jemima and Imran were interviewed by Sir David Frost. During the interview Jemima tried to put many of the media reports in the correct perspective. She said she has not changed her name to Haiqa yet, as reported, but this was one of the many names that has been under consideration since she changed to Islam. Her conversion, she said, was her own choice though her interest in was kick-started by Imran and then she read some books on religion to make up her mind. They both felt surprised at the reaction there has been to their marriage. Imran said that he cannot understand why there would have been so much interest and speculation. "I mean, will this marriage work? As if people knew that marriages work when they get married". Jemima said "absolutely" in answer to a question from Sir David if she too was astonished. She thought initially it was the East-meets-West thing. "The stories needed to be sensationalised a bit, and general ignorance came out in a lot of articles published. I was amazed, absolutely amazed". Imran added that at times there was cultural arrogance that "just because a culture was different it was perhaps inferior. A lot of stories stem from ignorance about Islam, ignorance about the Pakistani culture". Jemima believes that the Pakistani Press also took advantage of the situation and played up the whole controversy. "There has been so much talk of a Zionist plot that Imran's got himself involved in". For Imran, the whole thing was "politically inspired". The people as a whole were really pleased but some of the criticism was politically inspired, according to him. "I know for a fact from various sources that a politicians took this opportunity to put me down as a political opponent, rather a perceived political opponent". About the impression conveyed by the British media of Pakistan being an oppressed society as far as women were concerned, as if Jemima was going to be in shackles in Lahore, she told the interviewer: "I have been to Lahore, it is not at all as it's been depicted. It's a beautiful city, it's got so much character". She has met Imran's family, his sisters and seen the life. "I am absolutely convinced women are not suppressed. There are three Muslim prime ministers who are women. Jemima denied that she had met Imran at a night club as was reported by the media. She met him in an ordinary, conventional way though he had known some of her family before. "I really got to know him actually in Pakistan, not in London", she explained with Imran adding that she came there a couple of times. She also said that she followed up her interest in Islam was initially sparked by Imran," I would never have converted had I had any reservations about the religion but as it happens I was interested to see that it was completely different to how Islam has been represented in the media. And perhaps how it is conducted in certain Islamic countries as well". The biggest problem in the understanding of Islam in the West, according to Imran, is that "what Islam is and the way Muslims behave is supposed to be the same thing. If a Muslim commits a crime it is attributed to Islam. In the West, somehow there are these stereotyped images of Islam and this is of this militant Islam". Imran said that in the West people do not have a proper understanding. "There is a lot of ignorance and I'm afraid that ignorance breeds this hostility". Imran's wife of nearly two months has had many offers of work from magazines, newspapers and television. She said she has lot of options. "I would love to start a magazine, I'll play it by ear." she added. Then there is Imran's hospital. The biggest reason for this hospital has been the treatment of the poor and for that he will keep raising money. He hoped the government will cooperate though perceiving him as a political opponent they do not even allow him to buy television space to show adverts. Imran when asked about his future political objectives, said that "in the setup that exists Pakistan, I certainly do not envisage going into politics". If the setup changed would he change his mind? He replied: "If I could make a difference. I have respect in Pakistan which I think is very elusive. You can have fame but you don't necessarily have respect. I have respect in my country and I don't necessarily want to go into politics and to lose it".

Dawn index